江苏省常州市2018年中考英语试卷真题(含答案)

2018年江苏省常州市中考英语试卷

一、单项选择(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.

1.Time waits for no man. But some people won't realize the importance of time ______ it’s gone. (D)

A. as

B. since

C. when

D. until

2. —Two tickets for Sunday,please!

—Sorry. There is ____left. (B)

A. nothing

B. none

C. some

D. anything

3. —Your father has passed the driving test?

—Yes. _____my father _____ my mother has. (A)

A. Not only; but also

B. Neither; nor

C. Either:or

D. Both; and

4. —Hurry up, Jeff! Let’s cross the road as fast as possible.

—No, you ____. Don’t you see the light is still red?(C)

A. couldn’t

B. wouldn’t

C. mustn’t

D. needn’t

5. Lights are out. The concert is to begin. The fans hold their breath for Jay Chou’s_____. (D)

A. influence

B. guidance

C. experience

D. appearance

6. —Manager, all the machines____just now!

—What?Call the engineer at once. (A)

A. broke down

B. turned down

C. broke out

D. turned out

7. As an American, Tom is a big fan of Chinese kung fu. ____, he is crazy about Beijing Opera. (C)

A. Therefore

B. However

C. Moreover

D. Otherwise

8. —Can you describe____?

—Yes. I was walking when a bike knocked me down from behind. (C)

A. why did the accident happen

B. when did the accident happen

C. how the accident happened

D. where the accident happened

9. –I _____ you here, but you didn’t come.

—I’m terribly sorry. I was so busy that I forgot. (B)

A. would expect

B. was expecting

C. am expecting

D. have expected

10. —Are you going to try out for the host of the English party?

—_____?It is such a good chance to improve my spoken English. (D)

A. What’s up

B. What’s wrong

C. Why me

D. Why not

二、完形填空(共1小题; 每小题12分, 满分12分)阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中, 选出最佳选项.

Mrs. Walker sat down at her desk and sighed(叹息). “OK. Tell me what happened. “

“Yesterday, “ Winston began, “when I got home, I went straight to my room to do my homework. After I finished, I needed a(n)(1). So I took out my bubble gum(泡泡糖)to (2). Michael and I are having a competition to see who can blow the biggest bubble. “

“That’s right, “ Michael said. “We are. “

“I kept adding gum and my bubble kept growing. Soon it (3)my whole face. “

“What then?” asked Mrs. Walker.

“Then it happened. The bubble became as big as a beach ball. “He (4)his arms to show how big it was.

A few kids made faces—they didn’t (5)him, but Winston ignored(不理睬)them and went on.

“Suddenly a strong wind took the bubble right out of my mouth! The bubble (6)over my desk and out of the window. As it sailed away, I noticed

something yellow stuck to it. Like paper. Then I noticed my (7)was missing. “

“So?” Mrs. Walker asked.

“I ran after the bubble into Mrs. Roosevelt’s garden. I saw her cat attack it. The bubble broke. All I

saw then was the cat running away. Mrs. Roosevelt helped me search the (8). But my homework was nowhere to be seen. “

Mrs. Walker shook her bead. “(9), Winston, why didn’t you just tell me that the homework was too (10)instead of making up that wild story?”

Just then, the office worker walked in with a letter.

Winston opened the letter and took out the wrinkled homework paper and a note that said, “For Winston’s teacher. “

I am sure Winston (11)to hand this in. He’s a good boy. I have no idea how his homework got stuck to my cat, but I’m sure Winston can give you a(n)(12)Mrs. Roosevelt

Mrs. Walker looked up. “It was all true!”

“Yes, madam, “ Winston said quietly.

( B) A. award B. rest C. surprise D. choice ( D) A. practice B. create C. exercise D. enjoy

( C) A. cleaned B. hurt C. covered D. hit

( A) A. rounded B. held C. crossed D. waved

( D) A. hear B. notice C. remember D. believe

( A) A. floated B. rode C. climbed D. stayed

( C) A. bubble B. book C. homework D. gum

( D) A. room B. cat C. desk D. garden ( B) A. Generally B. Honestly C. Finally D. Exactly ( A) A. hard B. different C. common D. interesting ( D) A. refused B. promised C. managed D. wanted ( B) A. introduction B. explanation C. suggestion D. instruction

三、阅读理解(共4小题; 每小题6分, 满分26分)阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中, 选出最佳选项.

12. Summer is finally here for most of us. Sadly, summer is not so pleasant to people in a bit less lucky places, where air conditioning(空调)is not easy to get for most of them.

But as a saying goes, where there is a will, there is a way, especially for those who like doing it

yourself(DIY). A young man from Bangladesh(孟加拉国)designed an air conditioning system called the Eco Cooler, one that does not require power, and is made of the world’s most common waste—plastic bottles.

The Eco Cooler is super simple to build—no special engineering skills are required. First, to fix it,

a window should be taken away and replaced(替代)by it. Second, a board should be cut into the size of a window. Some bottle—neck sized holes should then be cut onto the board. Then, the funnel—shaped(漏斗状)bottlenecks, cut from the plastic bottles, should be put into the holes. The next step is to fix the design onto the window frame(框)with the wider side facing outwards. And this is it.

The Eco Cooler then works by catching the winds and sending them inside the building. It can reduce the temperature of a room by as much as 5°C—a big difference when looking at comfortable 25°C compared to uncomfortable 30°C.

The idea of the inventor, Ashis Paul, was to show his great product to as many People as possible. For this purpose, he received help from some groups of volunteers. Together, they offered to help local people build and fix the units, as well as teach them how to make them themselves.

Yes, the Eco Cooler is not a super high—tech air conditioning system, but it is one that can make a

big difference.

( B)When building the Eco Cooler, we should pay special attention to .

A. the shape of the window

B. the direction of bottlenecks

C. the temperature of the outside

D. the weight of the board

( C)What can we learn from the passage?

A. Ashis Paul is a clever inventor and a successful businessman.

B. An Eco Cooler can fix the room temperature to comfortable 25°

C.

C. The new invention of Eco Cooler is friendly to the environment.

D. Local people will replace their air conditioner with an Eco Cooler.

( D)What’s the best title of this passage?

A. DIY air conditioning made from plastic bottles

B. Eco Cooler——a super high—tech air conditioner

C. Why do we need an Eco Cooler in summer?

D. A strong—willed inventor and his DIY dream

13. How to investigate

①Planning

?Decide on a scientific problem to investigate

For example, a student named Mary has decided to research into how quickly sugar dissolves(溶解)in water.

?Write down your hypothesis

You may already have an idea of what you expect to happen in your investigation. This idea is called your hypothesis. It may not be right! It is just an idea, though it may be based on work in science which you have done before. The aim of your investigation is to test your idea.

?Decide what variables(变量)you are dealing with

Things like temperature, size, weight, and colour are called variables. Variables are things you can

measure(测量).

In your investigation, you have to decide what the variables are, which ones you

will keep fixed, and which you will change.

You need to change just one variable at a time. If lots of variables change at once. it won’t be a good test.

?Decide what equipment you need, and in what order you will do things

?Prepare tables for your results

②Getting your evidence(数据)

?Make your measurements, and record your results

③Reaching conclusions

?Look for patterns in your results

?Present your conclusions

What links(关联)did you find between any of the variables?How would you explain these links?

④Checking your findings

?Compare your conclusions and hypothesis

Do your results support your idea?

( D)What does the underlined word “hypothesis” most probably mean?

A. reason

B. result

C. method

D. guess

( A)In Mary’s investigation, which of the following about the variables is true?

A. She can only change one variable at a time.

B. Some of the variables can’t be measured.

C. Her weight and age can be the variables.

D. The temperature of water cannot be a variable.

( A)What is the passage mainly about?

A. How to do a scientific research.

B. How to explain a scientific finding.

C. How to deal with a chemistry problem.

D. How to understand some chemistry knowledge.

14. We wake up very early to go to school, maybe even earlier to meet with a teacher, complete our extracurricular(课程以外的)activities, come home to have a quick dinner, talk for eight minutes with our parents and do homework until we fall asleep. But then we remember. We have to look at the American College Test(ACT)exercises one more time. Half asleep, we run downstairs to get the ACT book, and start studying. After this we finally get to turn off the lights and drift away to sleep. And then six hours later, we do it all over again.

In my health class, my teacher told us that teenagers need at least eight to nine hours of sleep each night. The sad truth is, with so much to do every day, high school students cannot keep to this sleep schedule(安排).

Let me ask you all a question:Doesn’t it seem more humane(人道的)to give a teenager perhaps two hours of homework each night?This would allow us to have the eight to nine hours of much needed sleep. Or does it seem better to pile students with five hours of work a night?It leaves us very little time to relax, therefore reducing the time that we can sleep.

In my opinion. the present structure(结构)of the junior year of high school doesn’t work well. Junior year of high school is a time for growth. By this time many students have the ability to think creatively, and solve challenging problems. Homework is important for a student’s growth. But do we really need to spend countless hours a night doing it?Too much homework can only lead to too little sleep and too low an ability. I do think it is time to change the structure, so that we sleep at home, and learn at school.

( A)In the first paragraph the writer gives .

A. a picture of the present daily life of high school students

B. an example of an ideal daily life of high school students

C. a reason for high school students to live a busy daily school life

D. a suggestion of what high school students should do to pass ACT

( D)From the last paragraph we know that the writer thinks .

A. Junior year of high school is the most important growth period

B. challenging problems are needed for a teenager’s growth

C. the ability to think has nothing to do with homework

D. the present structure leads to students often sleeping in class

( C)Why does the writer write this article?

A. To prove the role of enough sleep in teenagers’ growth.

B. To complain about the problems in the system of the ACT.

C. To ask for a change for less homework and more sleep.

D. To discuss the relationship between sleep and homework.

15. After a while attention to Tom ended, and the usual school murmur(嗡嗡读书声)rose upon the boring air once more. Now the boy began to steal secret glances(偷看)at the girl. She noticed it, made a face at him and gave him the back of her head for the space of a minute. When she slowly faced around again, an apple lay before her. She pushed it away. Tom gently put it back. She pushed it away again, but with less animosity(敌意). Tom patiently returned it to its place. Then she let it remain. Tom wrote on his paper, “Please take it—I got more. “The girl glanced at the words, but made no sign.

Now the boy began to draw something on the paper, hiding his work with his left hand. For a time the girl refused to notice; but her human curiosity(好奇心)soon began to show itself by hardly noticeable(明显的)signs. The boy worked on, seemingly not aware. The girl made some non—committal(含糊的)efforts to see, but the boy did not display that he was aware of it. At last she couldn’t bear it and whispered:

“Let me see it. “

Tom partly uncovered the picture of a house with some smoke rising from the chimney(烟囱). Then the girl’s interest began to fasten itself upon the work and she forgot everything else. When it was finished, she gazed a moment, then whispered:“It’s nice—draw a man. “

The artist created a man in the front yard; she was satisfied, and whispered:“It’s a beautiful man——now draw me in it. “

Tom drew an hour—glass(沙漏)as the body, a full moon as her head and some arms added to it. The girl said:

“It’s ever so nice—I wish I could draw. No one has ever taught me that. “

“It’s easy, “ whispered Tom, “I’ll learn you. “

“Oh, will you?When?”

“At noon. Do you go home to dinner?”

“I’ll stay if you will. “

“Good—that’s a deal. What’s your name?”

( B)What probably happened in the classroom before this passage?

A. The girl introduced herself to the boy.

B. Something noticeable happened to the boy.

C. They had a lesson on how to draw.

D. The boy drew an apple for the girl.

( C)What most probably happened to the apple finally?

A. Eaten by the boy because the girl didn’t accept it.

B. Eaten by the boy because it was the last one he had got.

C. Eaten by the girl because they finally became friends.

D. Eaten by the girl because the boy was drawing all the time.

( B)What can we learn from the 2nd paragraph?

A. The boy didn’t want the girl to show interest in his drawing.

B. The girl didn’t want to show interest in the boy’s drawing noticeably.

C. The boy didn’t notice the girl trying several times to see his drawing.

D. The girl didn’t want the boy to do the drawing in class any more.

( A)What in this passage made Tom succeed in making friends with the girl?

A. Using her curiosity.

B. Showing off his drawing ability.

C. Teaching her how to draw.

D. Inviting her to dinner.

四、阅读表达(共1小题; 每小题5分, 满分5分)阅读下面短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词. 注意:每个空格里只填一个单词.

16. When a thought has found words

Poetry(诗歌)is the forgotten child of literature. Few people read it for pleasure. In Western high

schools, poetry is seldom taught because it is considered to be out of date and have little to do with the life of today’s students.

In ChinA. however. poetry is still an important part of the curriculum(课程). Recently, the Ministry of Education has increased the number of ancient Chinese poems for students to memorize and recite, from 14to 72. Why is it important to learn poems?

First of all, poetry is a necessary part of learning traditional Chinese culture. It is a path to understanding your history and your society. It is also the key to understanding the thoughts and feelings that are common to everyone but that we may be unable to express—the joy of Li Bai dancing with the moon, for example. Everyone has feelings of joy, love, loneliness, sadness and even anger, and a good poem can put those feelings into words and bring us self—understanding.

Poems can also express beauty. In a few short lines, even something common can become beautiful. Here is a poem called Fog by Carl Sandberg:The fog comes/on silent haunches(弓腰)/and then moves on. Yes, fog does move smoothly, silently and like a cat, and Sandberg catches that feeling and image(形象), and makes it beautiful.

Of course, to really enjoy poetry, it has to be read aloud. After all, a poem is really just a song without music. Most ancient poetry, like Homer’s Epics(《荷马史诗》)and China’s Book of Songs, was spoken for hundreds of years before it was written.

The American poet Robert Frost said, “Poetry is when an emotion has found its thought and the thought has found words. “You are lucky that you now have seventy—two poems to learn!

江苏省常州市2018年中考英语试卷真题(含答案)

【答案】1. different.

2. Reasons.

3. understand.

4. common.

5. Reading.

五、词汇(共4小题; 每小题1分, 满分4分)A)根据句子意思, 用括号中所给词的正确形式填空, 每空填一词.

17. —Is this your umbrella?

—No, it’s another (visit).

【答案】visitor’s

18. —How much should I pay?

—18yuan in all, (include)the pen you picked out just now.

【答案】including

19. Time is limited. You’d better make a (decide)right now.

【答案】decision

20. Nothing is (possible). It means everything can happen if you make efforts.

【答案】impossible

B)根据句意及汉语提示, 写出各单词的正确形式, 每空填一词.

21. —How much time do you need to carry on with the project?

—Another (四)days.

【答案】four

22. Do you know what the exact (人口)of China is?

【答案】population

23. Finally, we managed to hand out all the 1, 000posters (凭借)other’s help. 【答案】with

24. Miss Gao can always come up with (幽默的)ideas to make her classes lively.

【答案】humorous

六、用括号内所给动词的正确形式填空(共5小题; 每小题1分, 满分5分)

25. —Why do you buy so many flowers, Justin?

—(celebrate)my mother’s birthday.

【答案】To celebrate

26. —Bad luck! My watch doesn’t work well.

—Take it easy. It just needs (repair).

【答案】repairing

27. —Why are you still waiting here?

—Doctor Yu promised to attend the party, but he (not appear).

【答案】didn’t appear

28. Zhu Ting, one of the best volleyball Players of China, says she will return

whenever she (need).

【答案】needed

29. —Do you want to go to the talk on recycling?

—Great! I (look)for some information for my article on the topic.

【答案】am looking

七、根据所给中文完成句子(共6小题:每小题1.5分, 满分9.0分)

30. 听到这个结果, 朱莉激动得说不出话来了.

Julie was the result.

【答案】too excited to speak after hearing

31. 真是令人惊讶, 他将放弃执导这部电影.

It this film.

【答案】is amazing that he will give up directing

32. 我们应当习惯公交出行.

We should by public transport.

【答案】get used to going out

33. 结婚以来, 他们已经去过很多名胜古迹了.

They many places of interest .

【答案】have been to since they got married

34. 你多久参加一次社会活动?

【答案】How often do you take part in social activity?

35. 那位老师给的建议是多么有价值啊!

【答案】What valuable advice the teacher gave!

八、书面表达(共1题; 满分15分)

36. 暑假将至, 学校呼吁每天花三小时自主读书. 但是, 同学们对于主要读什么产生了分歧. 请根据下表提示, 写一篇英文短文, 向学校报刊投稿.

江苏省常州市2018年中考英语试卷真题(含答案)

注意:1. 必须包括表中所有提示内容, 并作适当发挥;

2. 文中不得出现你的真实姓名和学校名称;

3. 表达清楚, 语句通顺, 意思连贯, 书写规范;

4. 词数不少于100. 文章的开头已为你写好, 不计入总词数.

5. 参考词汇:长篇读物full—length reading n. [u];

文学作品works of literature n. (pl. )

Our school asks us to spend three hours on self—reading every day in the summer vacation. However, opinions are divided on what to read.

Some of us think we should choose the full—length reading, such as works of literature and scientific books. Because they can develop our reading habits. Others think that we should read practical essays. such as social news and knowledge about life. Because they can help us learn more about the world. At the same time, we will find life interesting for us through reading them.

In my opinion, I would like to choose practical essays. On the one hand, they can help us deal with our life problems. On the other hand, social news can let us know what happens every day around the world.

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