Sentence structure: it takes sth to do sth
Words and phrases: by no means: not at all diligence: careful and hard effort prolonged: continuing for a long time.
easier. Here are some of them.
While: ? although employ ：take
Translate this sentence into Chinese: 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语，然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。
What is the implied meaning of these two sentences?
On the one hand, the author states that learning English is not a easy task at all. On the other hand, the author foreshadows that there are still various helpful strategies for learning English. Sustained: prolonged sustain: make sth continue to exist or happen
1.Do not treat all new words in exactly the same way.
memory because you find it simply impossible to memorize all the new words you are learning?
Complain to sb /about/ of sth at a time ：on each occasion, 每次，一次cram: push or force sth into sth be bound to : be certainly or very likely to 肯定会
It is not your memory that is at fault at fault: responsible for sth bad that has happened 有过错有责任
你需要做的是根据生词在日常生活中的使用频率以不同方式对待他们。What you need to do 是一个名词短语做主语to deal with 是动词不定式做表语
Active words ; commit to memory：memorize a nodding acquaintance：a slight knowledge of a person or a subject. Concentrate on : focus attention on
A nodding acquaintance: this phase is used as a metaphor. An acquaintance refers to someone we know slightly but who is not a close friend. So we only nod as a greeting when we see him or her. This interpersonal relationship is used to interpreted the attitude we hold to words that do not often occur in every day situation.
Paraphrase the sentence: We should often practice the use of active words, those which frequently occur in everyday use, and learn by heart those useful words, while we only need recognize those words which occur less frequently in everyday situations.
Constant: going on all the time, frequently recurring route: way of doing sth or achieving a