英语语法


13


call out
大喊,高叫



call off
取消,不举行



1) Doctors are often called _____ in the middle of the war.


2) Please wait for me at home. I'll call _______ you at
your house at seven tonight.


3)
The
trains
calls
_______
several
big
cities
between
Beijing and Guangzhou.


4) He called her name __________, but she didn't answer.


5) The sports meet was called ____ on account of the rain.


( in, for, at, out, off)
5. come about
发生,出现



come down
下跌,落,降,传下来




come in
进来



come into (sight/being/existence/use/notice/effect)



come on
来临
/
快点




come out
出版,结果是




come along
一道来,赶快



come to
达到

(an end/an agreement/a stop)
苏醒,合计,
总共是




come over
走过来



come up
发芽,走近




come across
偶然碰到




come back
回想起



come from
来自,源自



1) I come _________ the book I lent you last month.


2) How did it come _________ that you both got lost? I
thought you had a map.


3) It suddenly came _________ to me where I had seen
the boy before.


4) Come __________ now, or else we shall be late.


5) He came __________ me like a tiger.


6)
The
price
of
petrol
has
come
_________
since
the
beginning of this year.


7) The word came __________ use many years ago.


8) When the examination result came _________, he had
already got a job.


9)The bill came __________ over a thousand dollars.


10) I sowed the seeds over a month ago, but they haven't
come __________ yet.


( for, about, back, on, at, down, into, out, to, up )
6. cut across
抄近路




cut down
砍倒,削减




cut off
切断,割掉,断绝关系




cut up
连根拔除,切碎




through
剪断,凿穿



cut out
删(省)掉,戒掉




cut in
插嘴




1) Don't cut ___ this tree. It will be very shady in summer.


2) Y
ou must cut ________ the number of cigarettes you
smoke, or it will cause illness.


3) W
e decided to cut _________ the moor
(旷野)

to the
village.


4) Cutting the tree ____ means cutting the tree into pieces.


5)
The
electricity
was
cut
___________
when
the
lady
refused to pay the bill.


6) W
e were having a pleasant conversation when T
om cut
__________.


down, down, across, up, off, in


7. die of (disease/hunger/grief/old age)
死于(疾病,饥饿,
寒冷,情感原因)



die from
死于(意外事故、情形)



die away
渐渐消逝



die out
绝种



die down(
炉火
)
渐熄



di

e off
逐一死去

8. fall behind
落后




fall over one's feet
跌跤



fall down
掉下,跌倒




fall back
撤退,后退



1) Babies often fall _____ when they are learning to walk.


2) Our team seems to have fallen __________ the others.


3) As soon as the enemies fell __________, the people
returned to their village.


4) She fell__________ the bench and had her leg broken.


down, behind, back, over





9. go in for
从事,喜爱,参加




go through
通过,经受




go over
复习,检查



go up
(价格)上涨,建造起来



go after
追捕,追赶



go against
违反



go ahead
先行,开始吧,问吧,说吧



go away
离开



go by
时间过去



go down
下沉,降低,
(日、月)西沉



go on(with)
继续进行



go with
相配,陪同



go without
没有,缺少



go out
外出,熄灭



go all out
全力以赴



go off
爆炸,进行,变坏,断电,停止供应



go back on
背约,食言



go beyond
超出



1) Many new factories have gone __ in the past few years.


2) Rents have gone __________ greatly recently
.


3) Many years have gone ___________ since we first met.


4) Let's continue our journey until the sun goes _______.


5) His actions went ___________ the will of the people,


6) I can't do it, for it goes ___________ my duty
.


7) Over
100 students went
____________
this
entrance
examination.

14


8) The bomb went ____________ and killed ten people.


9) The buyer went ___________ the car carefully before
reaching a decision.





10) This tie doesn't go ___________ my blue shirt.


11) If you think you can solve the problem, go ______.


12) Many students went __________ playing basketball.


(up, up, by
, down, against, beyond, through, off, over, with,
ahead, in for )

10. get down
下来,记下,使沮丧

get down to
致力于,专心于




get on
进展,进步,穿上,上车




get off
脱下
,
下车




get in
收集,插(话)





get away
逃跑,逃脱,去休假




get over
忘记,越过,克服,从疾病中恢复





get along with
进展,相处




get up
起床




get through
打通电话,完成,通过





get round
消息传开




get close to sth.
接近,几乎




get into (trouble)




get to (know)




get back
取回,收回




get out



1) She spoke so fast that I couldn't get ____ what he said.



2) W
e will find ways to get _________ difficulties.



3) The s

tory has got __________, and everyone knows
about it.



4) When I get _________ with the report, I'll go to the
cinema.



5) After a delicious meal the two men got __________ to
business.



6) Don't always get __________ a word when others are
speaking.



7) It took me a long time to get ___________ such an
unpleasant experience.



(down, over, round, through, down, in, over)
11. give away
赠送,泄露,出卖





give out
发出,疲劳,分发,公布





give off
发出(光、热、气体)




give in (to sb.)
屈服




give up
放弃,让(座位)




1) His accent at last gave him __________.



2) The liquid gave ________ a strong smell.



3) The headmaster gave ___________ the names of the
prize-winners.



4) The soldiers gave _________ the town to the enemies.



5) Who will help me to give the books ___________?



6) Don't believe in those who give his friends ________.



7) After a long walk, my strength gave ____________.



(away
, off, out, up, out, away
, out)
12. hand in
交上,提交




hand out
分发





hand down
流传,遗传

13. hang about
闲逛




hang up
挂电话

14. hold back
阻止,隐瞒





hold up
举起,使停顿





hold on
别挂电话,等,坚持





hold out
持续,坚持,伸出





hold down
控制,镇压




1) I'm sure he is holding something _________.



2) She managed to hold ______ her emotion until her
guests had left. Then she cried.



3) Tell him to hold ________ a moment. I'll come soon.



4) Our food supply won't hold _________ for more than
a few days.



5) The train was held ________ as a result of the floods.



6) These measures helped to hold ___________ the city's
population.



7) Hold ___________ your left arm, please.



(back, back, on, out, up, down, up)
15. keep up (courage, English, spirits)
保持,




keep up with
跟上




keep off (grass)
不接近,离开





keep away from
避开,不接近,离

远远的




keep out of




keep to (rules, promise)
坚持,遵守








keep on
继续,坚持下来




keep back
阻止,留下,隐瞒,扣下




keep from
克制,阻止




1) The angry lady told the strangers to keep ________
from her.



2) I can hardly keep ________ my tears after hearing his
words.



3) Only pride kept her __________ bursting into tears.



4) I can scarcely keep __________ asking him what he
has done.



5)
"Don't
touch
me,"
screamed
the
woman,
"Keep
__________!"



6) K

eep _________ until you succeed.



7) Keep _________ your courage, and you'll succeed in
the end.



8) The thick coat can keep the cold ___________.



9) Always try to keep ___________ the rules when you
play a game.



10) I can't keep ________ with everything you're doing.



(away
, back, from, from, off, on, up, out, to, up)

16. knock at/on





knock into
撞到某人身上




knock down
撞倒


15



knock out of


敲出




knock over
撞倒





knock off
停止工作,休息




1) The boxer soon knocked his opponent _________.



2) The office stuff knocks _________ at six every day
.



3)
Try
knocking
__________
the
window
and
see
if
there is anyone indoors.



4)
He
was
so
absorbed
in
his
book
that
he
knocked
__________ the car parked there.



(down, off, on, into)
17. leave for
离开前往




leave out
删去,遗漏





leave behind
遗留
,
忘记拿走





leave to
留给,遗嘱赠于




leave over
遗留,剩下,延期




1) "Whose name has been left __________?" demanded
the teacher.



2) When he died, he left all his property _____ his niece.



3)
He
suddenly
realized
that
he
had
left
his
umbrella
___________.



4) Don't leave this matter _________ until tomorrow.



5) Leave some meat ___________ for tomorrow
.



6) Those are questions left _________ by history
.



(out, to, behind, over, over, over)
18. look up
查找,向上看





look through
翻阅,浏览




look on
旁观




look on…as
看作




look into
调查





look after/ at / for
照顾
/

/
寻找




look out(for)
当心





look about / around/round
四下查看




look down upon
瞧不起




look back upon
回忆,回顾




look ab. up and down
仔细打量某人

look ab in the face/eyes
直视某人




1) I spent two hours looking ______ the students' papers.



2)Look _______! There is a big hole in front.



3) He took part in the game, and the rest of us just looked
______ and cheered for him.



4) The old man looked _____ upon the days of his youth.



5)
She
was
so
snobbish
(势利)
that
she
looked
__________ upon all his neighbours.



6) The police promised to look __________ the case as
soon as possible.



7)
He
looked
__________
but
saw
nobody
,
and
he
listened but hear nothing.



(through, out, on, back, down, into, about/around/round)
19. make up
编造,配制,打扮,组成




make up for
弥补





make into / of / from
制成




make out
弄懂,发现,看出
,
填写,开列(清单)




make for
走向,驶往,促使




1) Can you make this length of cloth __________ a suit?



2)
I
asked
the
driver
if
he
was
making
___________
London?



3) My father made __________ a check for me to buy
the camera.



4) W
e must make the loss _________ next week./ He
tried hard to make ________ for





the damage he had done.



5) He made __________ a story
, which I found hard to
believe.



6) Someone is coming, but I can't make ___________
who it is.



(into, for, out, up/up, up, out)
20. pass away
去世




pass by
经过




pass down(on)…to
传给




pass through
经历




pass over
漠视,忽视




1) The old clock has been passed ________ to me from
my grandfather's grandfather.



2) The man passed ___________ last week in peace.



3) W
e are passing ____________ difficult times.



4) The secretary passed ___________ the details in the
first part of his report.



(down, away
, through, over)
21. pay back
还钱,报复




pay for
付钱,为

受到惩罚,因

得到报应




pay off
还清




1) How much did you pay __________ the dictionary?



2) Y
ou should pay _________ the money you borrowed
from me.



3)
I'll
pay
him ____________
for all
his
crimes(
罪行
)
against me.



4)
Some
day
,
you'll
pay
__________
what
you
have
done today
.



5) Has she pay ____________ the debt yet?



for, back, back, for, off


22. pick up
拾起,
获得
(information)

接人,
站起,
收听,
自然习得
(language










/knowledge)
,恢复重获
(pick up health)



pick out
挑选,辨认,看出




1) I picked the information __________ while waiting in
the queue.



2) My friend has arranged to pick me _________ at 6:00.



3) The patient has picked _________ health during the
last two weeks.



4) She picked _______ the most expensive pair of shoes.



5) I can't pick John ___________ in the crowd.

16



6)
Can
I
pick
__________
VOA
with
this
short-wave
radio?



7)
He
fell
down
suddenly
,
but
picked
himself
___________ quickly
.



(up, up, up, out, out, up, up)



pick cotton/flower/leaves/words
选词

23. put up
搭起,张贴,举起,安装,投宿,安排住下




put up with
忍受




put out
伸出,扑灭




put off
推迟




put into
放进,翻译




put away
放好,存钱




put down


记下,平息




put on
穿戴,上映,增加
(put on weight/speed)



put forward
提出,提前




put through
接通电话




put aside
放到一边




put back
放回




1) He put _________ half his wage every week.



2) The government soon put __________ the revolt
(暴
乱)
.



3) Put your watch __________. It's slow.



4) He put __________ his hand for me to shake.



5). Please put me __________ to Extension
(分机)
2.



6) W
e put ___________ for night at the village inn.



7) He is very proud, and he often put _________ airs.
(摆
架子)




8) W
e had a telephone put _____________ in our office.



9) I can't put __________ with your laziness.



(away
, down, forward, out, through, up, on, up, up)
24. pull down
拆掉,
推翻






pull on
匆匆穿上

/ off





pull in
进站















pull out
取出
,(
火车
)
离站




pull down
往下拉
,
拆毁









pull over
驶到一边




pull through
恢复健康
,
渡过难关
,
脱离险境




pull up
(使)停住




1) The train slowly pulled __________ and disappeared
in the distance.



2) All the old houses here have now been pulled ______,
and new ones are to be built.



3) The car pulled _________ when I blew the horn.



4) The doctor thinks the man will pull __________.



5) The driver pulled ________ at the traffic lights.



(out, down, over, through, up)
25. push over
推倒,刮倒




push ahead(on, forward)
继续前进,坚持下去




push through
排除困难办好谋事,努力设法通过,挤





1) W
e've decided to push __________ with our plan to
build a new road



2) Many trees were pushed __________ in the hurricane.



3)
They
were
determined
to
push
the
new
rules
________ at any cost..



4) Take care not to push the baby _________.



5)
They
pushed
___________
the
crowd
and
at
last
reached us.



(on, over, through, over, through )


26. run across
偶然碰到






run after
追逐,追捕




run away
逃跑











run for
竞选




run into
偶然碰到(困难)遇见(人)
,相撞




run out of
用完




1) If you drive so fast, you'll run _________ someone
some day
.



2) I ran __________ a friend of mine in the exhibition.



3) Our water has run __________. Can you fill up some
more bottles?



4) Why do you always run __________ adventure?



5)
He
didn't
want
to
run
___________
presid

ent
that
year.



6) In that way you will only run __________ difficulties.



( into, across/into, out, after, for, into)
27. see off
送行




see through
看透,识破




see to
照料,照管

28. send for
派人去请




send off
送行




send out
发出(光亮)等




send up
发射

29. set up
建立





set off
出发,触发,引起





set out
动身,着手
(to do)
,陈述





set about
开始着手
(doing)




set to work(n.)
开始做




set back
拨回,使推迟





1) I shall set my watch ___________ by five minutes.



2)
W
e
set
__________
reading
the
text
aloud
immediately the bell rang.



3) W
e set _________ at daybreak yesterday and we've
been travelling ever since then.



4) I set __________ to advise him not to drink.



5)
What
were
the
reasons
he
set
___________
in
his
report?



6)
The
president
set
__________
a
special
group
of
soldiers to guard him.




7) The unpopular law set _________ a series of protests.
(抗议)





(back, about, off/out, out, out, up, off)
30. take off
脱掉,起飞









take on
呈现

雇佣




take away
拿走













take in
吸收,领会




take up
从事,占用(时间空间)





take down
记录,取下







take back
收回




take for
误认为













take along
随身带



17



take over
接管














take out



1) I take _________ all I said about his dishonesty
.



2) He went to the shelf and took __________ a book of
poems.



3) At first I took him _________ a doctor.



4)
I
can
see
that
most
of
you
have
taken
________
everything that the teacher taught.



5) Bill has now taken __________ his father's business.



6) My job takes __________ most of my time.



7) The boss took ____________ twenty people for his
new company
.



(back, down, for, in, over, up, on)



take charge of
负责
, take sth. for granted
想当然
, take
hold of
抓住
, take pride in

… ……
为自豪
, take the place
of,
代替
take turns to do
轮流做
, take office
就职

31. think of
想起
















think of…as


看作




think out
想出















think up
想出





think about
考虑













think over
仔细考虑





think well of sb.
对某人看法好

32. t

urn off / on
打开




turn over
翻身,反复考虑,翻(书页)
,翻转





turn out
证明为,结果,制造成品




turn to
转向,求助




turn down
调低,拒绝





turn against
变得敌视,反对




turn away
打发走,驱逐,转过脸去




turn back
返回,转回去




turn round
转过身来




turn up
向上翻,露面,出现,音量调大




turn in
上缴




turn upside down
把倒置,弄得乱七八糟




1) The child turned __________ its mother for comfort.



2) Turn ___________ and let me see your face.



3) However much he turned the problem ________ in
mind, he could find no satisfactory solution.



4) The English evening party turned _________ a great
success.



5) The sight of the accident was too much for her to bear,
and she turned _______.



6) The football stadium was full, and many people had to
be turned __________.



7) The army turned him ___________ on account of (


) his poor health.



8)
She
turned
the
whole
house
___________
in
her
search for her missing purse.



9) Where did your purse turn ____________? I found it
in the snow
.



10)
The
villagers
suddenly
turned
__________
the
foreigners who lived nearby
.



11) The factory turns ____________ 2000 new cars last
year.



(to, round, over, out, away
, away
, down, upside down, up,
against, out)































2008-3-17
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