写作微观表达.doc

中高级写作微观

----微

观细节表达集锦

高级句型:

It is possible/ impossible for sb. to do sth

Make it possible/ impossible for sb. to do sth

Enable sb to do

It is difficult for sb. to do sth

Sb. have great difficulty in doing sth Sb. have hard time in doing sth

Sb. do sth quite unaware of the fact that·····

No matter what the conditions were, sb. believe that

高级表达汇总

1.被迫做某事:

Be obliged to do sth

Be forced to do sth

2.有义务做某事、有必要做某事

It is necessary to do

Feel obliged to do (L1)

See it is one’s duty to do (L30)

3.追求、追寻:

Chase

Hunt for

Run after

Seek

pursue

4.把某人逼入绝境,难倒,纠结Corner

Puzzle

Afflict (27)

Assail (28)

Pester (L29) 5.积累、召集

Collect

Gather

Assemble

Accumulate

6.坚持

Cling to

Stick to

Insist on

Persist in doing

Persevere in

7.使某人相信,确信

Be sure of

Make sure

Convince sb of sth Convince sb. that

Be convinced that

8.重视,认真对待某事Value

Prize

Pay attention to

Think highly of

Take sb./ sth seriously

Take sb./sth too much to heart 9.忽视

Ignore

Neglect

Pay no attention to

Take no notice of

Refuse to listen to

Turn a deaf ear to

Turn a blind eye to

Take sb./ sth lightly

Have disregard of / for (L31) Treat sb. with disregard 10.声称,声明

Say

State

Declare

Announce

Claim ( claim to have done sth) 11.抱怨:

Complain of / about sth Complain to sb about sth Lodge a complain

12.占有拥有:

Have

Own

Occupy

Hold

Possess

In possession of

In the possession of

In one’s possession

Take possession of

13. 匹敌

Match in /for

Equal

Be equal to

14.有能力做某事、胜任Can

Be able to

Be capable of

Have ability to do

Have capability to do

Have capacity to do

Be equal to

Be qualified to

Be competent for

In a position to do sth (L38) 15.习惯于

Be used to

Get used to

Be accustomed to Get accustomed to

Be conditioned to

Get conditioned to 16.繁荣

Booming

Flourishing

Prosper Prosperous (L3) Thriving

17.建立

Build

Construct

Erect

Install

Setup

Found

Establish

18.证明是,结果是Prove to be

Sb./ sth turn out to be It turns out to be/that As it turns out that 19.乐于做某事

Be willing to do sth Be ready to do sth Be prepared to do sth Would like to do 20.导致

Cause

Generate

Lead to

Set up

Bring about

Result in

Give rise to (L4)

21.开除,解雇

Fire

Dismiss

Layoff

Kick out

Sack

Give sb. a sack ( sb. get a sack)

22.辞职:

Quit

Give up

Abandon

Resign

23.给某人某物

Give

Hand sb. sth (hand sth to sb.

Present sb. with sth

Present sth to sb.

Offer sb. sth

Offer sth to sb.

Provide sb. with sth

Provide sth to sb.

Supply sb. with sth

Supply sth to/ for sb.

24.某人花费时间、精力、金钱做某事

It take sb. some money to do

Sb. take some money to do

Sb. spend money on

Sb. spend money in doing

It costs sb. some money

24.试图、尝试做某事

Try to do

Attempt to do

25.吸引、迷住Attract

Draw

Arouse

Fascinate

Charm

Appeal to

tempt

Lure

Induce

Seduce

Be fascinated with

Have fascination for/ on/ over (L34) 26.引起某人注意:

Draw one’s attention

Attract one’s attention

Catch one’s attention

Receive one’s attention

Hold one’s attention

Arouse one’s attention

Arrest one’s attention

Seize one’s attention

Capture one’s attention

27.关于喜欢的表达:

Like

Prefer

Enjoy

Fancy doing

Be fond of

Love

Be attached to

Be crazy about

Be mad about

Have a special feeling for

Be keen on sth

Be pleased to do

Be delighted to do

In raptures about/ over sth (L41) 28.屈服、顺从

Obey

Surrender

Bow to

Give in

Submit to

Be obedient to

Be submissive to

Submit oneself to sb./ sth 29.怀疑:

Doubt

Suspect (L30)

Be suspicious of (L9)

Be dubious about/ of (L41) 30.与````有共同之处Have sth in common with

In accord with

Have nothing in common with Out of accord with

31.缺乏:

Lack sth

Lack of

Be Short of

Shortage of

Be scanty of

32.根据,依据

By

According to

In accordance with

In the light of (L27)Judging by

33.容忍

Tolerate

Endure

Stand

Bear

Be tolerant Put up with

34.构成,组成

Consist of

Comprise

Constitute

Make up of

Compose

35.破坏

Destroy

Damage

Ruin

Break

Spoil

Screw

Mess

36.指控,控告

Accuse of

Charge with

Sue for

Proceed against

Plead against

37.道歉

Apologize to sb. for sth

Be apologetic to sb. for sth Make/ give apology to sb. for sth 38.粗鲁粗暴对待某人Abuse

Insult

Disrespect

Treat sb. roughly

Be crude to sb.

Be rude to sb.

Be rough on sb.

39.受欢迎

Be popular with

Be in popularity among

Enjoy tremendous popularity

In one’s favor

40.投放监狱

Send sb. to prison (jail)

Put sb. in prison (jail)

Throw sb. into prison (jail)

Behind bars

41.鼓起勇气:

Take heart

Regain one’s courage

Muster up one’s courage (L35 42.致力于做某事

Dedicate to

Devote to

Contribute to

Bent on (L35)

Be intent on

Be concentrated on

Be absorbed in

Apply oneself to

Commit oneself to

Be committed to

Put one’s heart into

Do much to

Focus on

43.鄙视

Look down upon

Despise (L23

Contempt (L27)

44.情不自禁做某事

Can’t help doing sth

Be driven by impulse to do

Sb. can not resist the temptation to do 45.对····产生影响

Affect

Impact (L9) Have influence on

Create influence on

Exert influence on

46.关于骄傲的表达:

Be pound of

Take pride in

Pride oneself on

47.竭尽全力、努力做某事Try one’s best to do

Do one’s best

Make effects to do sth Make a real effort to do Exert oneself to do sth Apply oneself to do

Go to great lengths to do Put one’s heart into

Do much to do 48.对····做研究

Study

Research

Make a study of

49.因此

So

Therefore

Hence

In consequence

50.承担后果、责任

Be response for

Take / bear responsibility for Take consequence of 51.患病

Have illness

Be caught

Be attacked by illness Develop a disease

Be afflicted with

52.不愿做某事

Be unwilling to do sth

Hesitate to do

Be reluctant to do sth

Struggle to do

Grudge doing sth

53.不受···影响;摆脱

Be free from

Be exempt from (L11)

Stay away from

Get away from

Keep away from

Get rid of

54.讨价还价,谈判Negotiate with

Argue with

Bargain with (L28)

55.打算做某事、有意图做某事Mean to do

Plan to do

Intend to do

Have intention of doing (L28) 56.有关系的表达:

Be related to

Have relationship with

Be connected with

Be linked to

Be associated with

Be bound up with(L29)

Be tied to

Be attached to

57.熟悉,了解

Learn

Know

Sb. Be familiar with sth

Sth be familiar to sb.

Be acquainted with

Acquaint oneself with 58.关于评论的表达:Comment on

Make a comment on

Make a remark on

Air one’s opinion on

State one’s opinion on 59.关于相似的表达

Bear close resemblance to sb. Resemble sb.

Take after sb.

Be similar to sb.

60.思考、考虑

Think over

Consider

Take into account

Take into consideration Reflect on

61.关于表明的表达:Show

Express

Indicate

Deliver

Demonstrate

Manifest

Shed light on (L38)

62.关于依赖的表达:Rely on

Depend on

Bank on

Lean on

Feed on

63.超越于,高于Beyond

Out of

Be superior to

64.关于不受诱惑的表达:Resist the temptation to do

Be superior to temptation to do Beyond the temptation to do

Get rid of the temptation to do 65.关于打败,击退的表达:Defeat

Beat

Conquer

Fight back

beat someone to his knees Knock sb. Off his perch 66.某人做某事很难

Have difficulty in doing sth Have hard time in doing sth

It is difficult for sb. to do 67.关于永久的表达:Perpetual:永久的,无期限的Immortal :不死的,不朽的Permanent :永恒的,不变的

68.把···当做,看做

Refer to ····as

Regard ····as Treat·····as Describe·····as

Have on ````as

Consider ````to be/ as

69.形容人的表达:ambitious 有雄心壮志的practical实际的

aggressive 有进取心的conscientious认真的,自觉的considerate体贴的Resourceful 老练的,有策略的faithful守信的,忠诚的

frank直率的,真诚的Outstanding

Excellent

Eminent

Distinguished 70.非名词转化名词

Dos and don’ts 要做与不做的事

Likes and dislikes 喜欢与不喜欢的事Ups and downs 沉浮

Highs and lows 兴衰

Ins and outs of sth 某事的来龙去脉71.关于推进、促进:

Impulse

Impel

Prompt

Advocate

Propel

72.此外,而且

Furthermore

What’s more

Besides

In addition

Moreover

73.某人认为表达:

Think

Believe

Hold the view

Be for the idea

Be in favor of the idea

Cling to/ stick to the ideas (lesson 1) Form a picture of (lesson 12)

Be under the impression that (lesson 32)

Cherish the hope/ view (lesson 34) Sb. have learn to expect the fact (lesson 37)

Be /live under the illusion that (lesson 41)

Air the view (lesson 49)

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