中 考 英 语 定语从句 专项练习

初三英语【定语从句】专项练习

定义:

在复合句中作定语,修饰主句中的某一名词或代词的从句,叫做定语从句。

被定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词,位于从句之前。定语从句有关系代词that、which、who、whose、whom和关系副词when 、where、why引导.

定语从句的基本结构为:

先行词+ 关系代/副词+ 句子

do you know the boy who is wearing a blue jacket?

the skirt that /which is made of silk is very expensive. i can’t afford it.

the number of the people who/that own cars is increasing.

the house that(which、/) the famous person once lived in is very old now.

考点1.关系代词: that, which, who, whom, whose 关系副词: when, where, why.

a. that-既可指人,也可指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略;不引导非限定性定语从句

there are lots of things ________ i need to prepare before the trip. (10河北)

a. who

b. that

c. whom

d. whose(答案: b)

b. which-指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略.可引导非限定性定语从句。

this is the dictionary ________ mum gave me for my birthday. (08

河北)

a. which

b. what

c. whose

d. whom(答案:a)

sorry, we don’t have the coat ________ you need. (09河北)

a. what

b. who

c. whom

d. which(答案:d)

c. who-般指人,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略,(常用whom)

Jamie is a young cook ________ wants to improve school dinners. (10天津)

a. who

b. whose

c. whom

d. which(答案:a)

d. whose 作定语,表示所属关系。

i like the teacher ________ classes are very interesting and creative. (09兰州)

a. which

b. who

c. what

d. whose(答案:d)

e. when 作时间状语:when =介词+ which

she will never forget the day when (=on which) she was married.

f. where 作地点状语where = 介词+ which

i. want to know the place where (= in which) i was born.

g. why 作原因状语, 其先行词常常是the reason. why = for which that is the reason why(= for which) I’m late.

2.当关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,定语从句的谓语动词形式由先行词定。

1. i prefer shoes that are cool.

2. i like a pizza that is really delicious.

3.有时只能用that , 不用which, 常见的情况有六种:

1).当先行词是all, any, few, little, none, anything, everything, nothing ,或被它们修饰时。

that’s all that i know.

is there anything that i can do for you?

2).当先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰that is the most interesting book that i have ever read.

3).当先行词有the very, the only, the same等修饰时。

that’s the only thing that i can do now.these are the very words that he used.

4).当主句以who 或which开头时,定语从句的关系词用that, 而不用which 或who.

who is the girl that spoke to you just now? which is the pen that you lost ?

5).先行词同时包括人或物时,关系词用that.

the man and his dog that i always meet are standing by the gate. 6).当关系代词在从句中作表语时。

china is not the country that it was.

4.只用which ,不用that 的情况:

1).关系代词前有介词时。

this is the cage that / which Polly lives in.= this is the cage in which(where) Polly lives .

2).先行词本身为that.

the clock is that which tells the time.

3). 在非限制性定语从句中。

his English, which used to be poor , is excellent now.

定语从句专项练习

1.S orry, we don’t have the coat ________ you need.

a. what

b. who

c. whom

d. which

2.This is the dictionary ________ mum gave me for my birthday.

a. which

b. what

c. whose

d. whom

3.Do you know the man ________ is sitting behind Nancy?

a. what

b. which

c. who

d. whom

4. The book ________ he bought yesterday is very interesting.

a. /

b. why

c. when

d. what

5. I have found some pictures of the most interesting places

________ you can visit during the winter holidays.

a. where

b. which

c. what

d. that

6. I’d like to tell you about the table manners ________ you should know when you visit Korea.

a. which

b. who

c. what

d. how

7.I shall never forget those years ________ i lived on the farm with the farmers, ________has a great effect on my life.

a. when; who

b. that; which

c. which; that

d. when; which

8.Is oxygen the only gas ________ helps fire burn?

a. that

b. /

c. which

d. it

9. Is ________ some german friends visited last week?

a. this school

b. this the school

c. this school one

d. this school where

10.---What kind of music do you like?

--I like music ________ has great lyrics.

a. that

b. what

c. who

d. Whose

11.That is the only thing ________ i bought from the supermarket.

a. which

b. that

c. what

d. where

12.T he place ________ interested me most was the children’s palace.

a. which

b. where

c. what

d. in which

13. The computer ________ last week has gone wrong.

a. which i bought it

b. i bought

c. what i bought

d. i bought it

14.That is the poor boy ________ father died in a traffic accident last year.

a. who

b. whom

c. whose

d. which

15.Do you know the girl ________ is standing under the tree?

a. who

b. whom

c. which

d. where

16. Is the woman ________ talked to our teacher yesterday your mother?

a. who

b. whom

c. which

d. what

17. The young lady ________ we met yesterday is our new maths teacher.

a. what

b. whose

c. whom

d. which

18. I like to live in a house ________ is big and bright.

a. that

b. who

c. how

d. why

19. I hate people ________ talk much but do little.

a. whom

b. which

c. who

d. when

20. I am one of the boys ________never late for school.

a. that is

b. who are

c. who am

d. who is

21.Mr green, there is someone at the front desk ________ would like to speak with you.

a. he

b. who

c. which

d. whom

22.I love the small village ________ i was born.

a. that

b. which

c. where

d. whose

23.here comes the girl ________ handwriting is the best in our class.

a. which

b. whose

c. that

d. who

24.my parents usually buy me some simple clothes ________ can last a long time.

a. who

b. that

c. whom

d. whose

25.---is the girl ________ is interviewing the manager of that company your friend?

---yes, she is a journalist from cctv.

a. whom

b. which

c. who

d. whose

26.---do you know everybody ________ came to the party?

---no, i don’t know the one________ you had a long talk with near the door.

a. who;/

b. whose; that

c. that; which

d. /; whom

27.The boy________ won the first prize is called Roy.

a. when

b. whom

c. who

d. which

28.Children like houses ________ are painted in different colours.

a. which

b. they

c. those

d. what

29.Do you think most students prefer tests ________ have easy questions?

a. who

b. where

c. that

d. it

30. He is one of the experienced engineers in this factory ________ hard work was repaid with the development of the factory.

a. where

b. whose

c. in which

d. that

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