中 考 英 语 定语从句 专项练习

初三英语【定语从句】专项练习

定义:

在复合句中作定语,修饰主句中的某一名词或代词的从句,叫做定语从句。

被定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词,位于从句之前。定语从句有关系代词that、which、who、whose、whom和关系副词when 、where、why引导.

定语从句的基本结构为:

先行词+ 关系代/副词+ 句子

do you know the boy who is wearing a blue jacket?

the skirt that /which is made of silk is very expensive. i can’t afford it.

the number of the people who/that own cars is increasing.

the house that(which、/) the famous person once lived in is very old now.

考点1.关系代词: that, which, who, whom, whose 关系副词: when, where, why.

a. that-既可指人,也可指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略;不引导非限定性定语从句

there are lots of things ________ i need to prepare before the trip. (10河北)

a. who

b. that

c. whom

d. whose(答案: b)

b. which-指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略.可引导非限定性定语从句。

this is the dictionary ________ mum gave me for my birthday. (08

河北)

a. which

b. what

c. whose

d. whom(答案:a)

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