大学英语期中试卷(2017-2018-1)

河南理工大学2017-2018 学年第 1 学期

《大学英语1》期中考试试卷

大学英语期中试卷(2017-2018-1)

注意事项:

1考试时间:120分钟。

2. 9:00开始播放听力。

3.把客观题和主观题的答案做在答题纸上。

4.注意答题纸上要写清楚学号、姓名,专业班级。

5.考试结束后,答题纸与试卷都上交。

Part I. Writing (15%)

Directions: For this part , you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic What Makes a Good Teacher from the angle of a student.

You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the

outline given in Chinese below.

1.一名教师必须精通他(她)所教的课目

2.但是更重要的是工作态度和对学生的关心

Part II. Listening Comprehension (20%)

Section A

Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long

conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions

will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the

questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a

pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),

B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then write on the

corresponding space on Answer Sheet.

Now let’s begin with the eight short conversations.

1.A) Co-workers in an office. B) Classmates.

C) Teacher and student. D) Manager and employee.

2.A) It is completely new.

B) It attracts a lot of visitors every year.

C) It is growing quickly.

D) It needs a lot of money for new construction projects.

3.A) The man is going to travel by plane.

B) The man?s flight is delayed.

C) The airplnae is taking off in half an hour.

D) The airport has been hit by terrorist attacks.

4.A) The man can buy tonight?s tickets if he wants to see the ballet.

B) The man has to watch the ballet performance on Friday evening.

C) Tickets for the ballet performance are sold out.

D) She is sorry that the man missed the chance to see Swan Lake.

5.A) He works as a librarian in the city?s public library.

B) He maintains the computer systen in the public library.

C) He teaches computer science at college.

D) He designs system operation software for cith libraries.

6.A) Tt will soon go out of fashion.

B) It will completely replace classroom learning.

C) It is more efficient than the traditional classroom.

D) It will become more and more important as an educational tool.

7.A) His wife should not have bought so much groceries.

B) His wife should be more careful about family finance.

C) They have spent less than usual at this time of the month.

D) They would be better off if they could set aside 40 dollars every month.

8.A) Her brother does not stand a chance of winning the election.

B) She is sure her brother will win with the support of his hometown.

C) Her brother does not know how to conduct an election campaign.

D) It is still too early to predict the outcome of the election.

Now you’ll hear two long conversations.

Conversation One

Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9. A) Waiting for the woman. B) Relaxing.

C) Meeting a friend. D) Reading a magazine.

10.A) It is an ancient civilization. B) She visited it once.

C) She knew very little about it. D) It is modernizing fast.

11.A) It is really delicious. B) It is easy to prepare.

C) It has lots of vegetable dishes. D) It is very healthy.

12.A) Help the man whenever he needs it. B) Introduce the man to her friends.

C) Help the man to start a business. D) Accompany the man to the City office. Conversation Two

Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

13.A) To interview him about the moon landing.

B) To ask him for advice on her research.

C) To change the topic of her paper.

D) To apologize for her absence.

14.A) He has a fascinating personality.

B) He was a spaceman at NASA.

C) He has got all the pictures of the moon landing.

D) He was the commander of spaceship Apollo 11.

15.A) Include some historical facts into her paper.

B) Try to make her paper interesting.

C) Focus on the European and Russian space programs.

D) Make sur to write a good beginning.

Section B

Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 passages. At the end of each passage, You will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will

be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the

best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark

the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Quesions 16 to 19 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. A) Its followers are mostly singers.

B) It has been expanding since its birth.

C) It started in Europe and then spread to the US.

D) Its principles are hard to follow.

17.A) To create feelings of happiness for the young by singing.

B) To promote a healthier life style among young people.

C) To close the gap between the older generation and the young.

D) To change the attitude of the young towards work.

18.A) He used to drink, smoke and take drugs.

B) He belonged to a street gang.

C) He was jobless when he joined when he joined the movement.

D) He was a close friend of the movement?s leader.

19.A) It is hard for the older generation to understand the young.

B) It is possible for young people to live a healthier life.

C) A life style free from the positions of life is worth striving for.

D) Young people will live a healthier life if left to make their own choices.

PassageTwo

Quesions 20to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

20. A) To learn about their educational background.

B) To inform them of his decision to take risks.

C) To celebrate the rapid expansion of his company.

D) To thank them for helping hem achieve success.

21. A) Academic qualifications and knowlege.

B) Willingness to take risks.

C) The ability to use people.

D) The ability to put one?s ideas across.

22 . A) He is very proud of his achievement.

B) He wishes he had studied for a Phd degree.

C) He envies his employees? educational background.

D) He is deeply impressed by his employees? qualifications.

PassageThree

Quesions 23to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

23. A) It is a peaceful and friendly town.

B) It is clean and pretty, but very poor.

C) It is a busy , crowded and booming place.

D) It is suffering from increasing crime.

24. A) It will cause fierce competition.

B) It might cost them their jobs.

C) It will change their way of life.

D) It might low their wages.

25 . A)She is going to compete in the Olympics.

B) She works in the local coffee shop.

C) She is an experienced debater.

D) She leads the fight against the Wal-Mart stone.

Part III. Reading Comprehension (40 %)

Section A

Directions:In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are requird to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet. Youn may not use of the words in the bank more than once.

Quesions 26to 35 are based on the following passage .

Parents and teenagers have different or even opposite things to worry about. For example, while a mother might have a hard time understanding why her teenagers?room is always a(n) (26)_______ of dirty stuff, the teenagers are more worried about their next exam and may think it is (27)______ for their mother to insist on keeping a clean room. It is therefore important for you to (28)_____the differences and learn to communicate with your teenagers properly. (29)_____, your teenagers may say nothing and shut you out of their personal lives. Their refusal to talk with you may even create (30)____ stress in your life. Learning effective ways to communicate can(31)____ the situation of a difficult relationship, (32)____ the stress of your life, and lead to a friendly relationship with your teenagers. First, you should learn to discuss serious problems in daily conversations. So, important topics, such as driving a vehicle and building a(n) (33)_____ relationship, could be dealt with through daily conversations. Second, learn to be an active listener. Many parents are so (34)_______ with their work that they could hardly take some time for their (35)____ children. Spend your time listening carefully to what your children like to talk about, and make sure your children feel they are being taken seriously. This will increase the chances of good communication.

大学英语期中试卷(2017-2018-1)

Section B

Directions:There are 3 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four

Choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should on the best choice and

mark the corresponding letter on Answe Sheet.

Passage One

Questions 36to40 are based on the following passage.

If you think a high-factor sunscreen(防晒霜) keeps you safe from harmful rays, you may be wrong. Research in this week?s Nature shows that while factor 50 reduces the number of melanomas(黑瘤)and delays their occurrence, it can?t prevent them. Melanomas are the most aggressive skin cancers. You have a higher risk if you have red of blond hair, fair skin, blue or green eyes, or sunburn easily, or if a close relative has had one. Melanomas are more common if you have periodic intense exposure to the sun. Other skin cancers are increasingly likely with long-term exposure.

There is continuing debate as to how effective sunscreen is in reducing melanomas--- the evidence is weaker than it is for preventing other types of skin cancer. A 2011 Australian study of 1,621 people found that people randomly selected to apply sunscreen daily had half the rate of melanomas of people who used cream as needed. A second study, comparing 1,167 people with melanomas to 1,01 who didn?t have the cancer, found that using sunscreen routinely, alongside other protection such as hats, long sleeves or staying in the shade, did give some protection. This study said other forms of sun protection___ not sunscreen most beneficial. The study relied on people remembering what they had done over each decade of their lives, so it?s not entirely reliable. But it seems reasonable to think sunscreen gives people a false sense of security in the sun.

Many people also don?t use sunscreen properly___applying insufficient amounts, failing to reapply after a couple of hours and staying in the sun too long. It is sunburn that is most worrying___recent research shows five episodes of sunburn in the teenage years increases the risk of all skin cancers.

The good news is that a combination of sunscreen and covering up can reduce melanoma rates, as shown by Australian figures from their slip-slop-slap campaign. So if there is a heat wave this summer, it would be best for us, too, to slip on a shirt, slop on(抹上)sunscreen and slap on a hat.

36.What is people?s common expectation of a high-factor sunscreen?

A) It will delay the occurance of skin cancer.

B) It will protect them fro sunburn.

C) It will keep their skin smooth and fair.

D) It will work for people of any skin color.

37.What does the research in Nature say about a high-factor sunscreen?

A) It is ineffective in preventing melanomas.

B) It is ineffective in case of intense sunlight.

C) It is ineffective with long-term exposure.

D) It is ineffective for people with fair skin.

38.What do we learn from the 2011 Australian study of 1,621 people?

A) Sunscreen should be applied alongside othe protection measures.

B) High-risk people benefie the most from the application of sunscreen.

C) Irregular application of sunscreen does women more harm than good.

D) Daily application of sunscreen helps reduce the incidence of melanomas.

39.What does the author say about the second Australian study?

A) It misleads people to rely on sunscreen for protection.

B) It helps people to select the most effective sunscreen.

C) It is not based on direct observation of the subjects.

D) It confirms the results of the first Australian study.

40.What does the author suggest to reduce melanoma rates?

A) Using both covering up and sunscreen.

B) Staying in the shade whenever possible.

C) Using covering up instead of sunscreen

D) Applying the right amount of sunscreen.

Passage Two

Questions 41to45 are based on the following passage.

Reading leadership literature, you?d sometimes think that everyone has the potential to be an effective leader.

I don?t believe that to be true. In fact, I see way fewer truly effective leaders than I see people stuck in positions of leadership who are sadly incompetent and seriously misguided about their own abilities.

Part of the reason this happens is a lack of honest self-assessment by those who aspire to(追求)leadship in the first place.

We?ve all met the type of individual who simply must take charge. Whether it?s a decision-making session, a basketball game, or a family outing, they can?t help grabbing the lead dog position and clinging on to it for dear life. They believe they?re natural born leaders.

Truth is, they?re nothing of the sort. True leaders don?t assue that it?s their divine(圣神的)right to take charge every time two or more people get together. Quite the opposite. A great leader will assess each situation on its merits, and will only take charge when their position, the situation,and/or the needs of the moment demand it.

Many business executives confuse leadership with action. They believe that constant motion somehow generates leadership as a byproduct. Faced with any situation that can?t be solved by the sheer force of activity, they generate a dust cloud of impatience. Their on leadership tool is volume: if they think you aren?t workin as hard as they think you should, their demands become increasingly louder and harsher. True leaders understand the value of action, of course, but it isn?t their only tool. In fact, it isn?t even their primary tool. Great leaders see more than everyone else: answers, solutions, patterns, problems, opportunities. They know it?s vitally important to do, but they also know that thinking, understanding , reflection and interpretation are equally important.

If you?re too concerned with outcomes to the extent that you manipulate and intimidate others to achieve those outcomes, then yu aren?t leading at all, you?re dictating. A true leader is someone who develops his or her team so that they can and do hit their targets and achieve their goals.

41.What does the auther think of the leaders he knows?

A) Many of them are used to taking charge.

B) Few of them are equal to their positions.

C) Many of them fail to fully develop their potential.

D) Few of them are familiar with leadship literature.

42.Why are some people eager to grab leadership positions?

A) They believe they have the natural gift to lead.

B) They believe in what leadership literature says.

C) They have proved competent in many situations.

D) They derive great satisfaction from being leaders.

43.What characterizes a great leader according to the author?

A) Being able to take prompt action when chances present themselves.

B) Having a whole-hearted dedication to their divine responsibilities.

C) Having a full understanding of their own merits and weaknesses.

44.How will many business executives respond when their command fails to

generate action?

A) They reasses the situation at hand.

B) They become impatient and rude.

C) They resort to any tool available.j

D) They blame their team members

45.What is the author?s advice to leaders?

A) Concentrate on one specific task at a time.

B) Use different tools to achieve different goals.

C) Build up a strong team to achieve their goals.

D) Show determination when faced with tough tasks.

Passage Three

Questions 46to50 are based on the following passage.

In the United States, a person can take credit only for what he has accomplished by himself. Americans get no credit whatsoever for having been born into a rich of privileged famil. (In the United States, that would be considered “an accident of birth”) Americans pride themselves in having been born poor and, through their own hard work, having climbed the difficult ladder of success to whatever level they have achieved--- all by themselves. The American social system has,of course, made it possible for Americans to move, relatively easily, up the social ladder, whereas this is impossible to do in man other countries. The “self-made man or woman” is still very much the ideal in present-day America.

Americans believe that competition brings out the best in any individual. They claim that it challenges or forces each person to produce the very best that is humanly possible. Consequently, the foreign visitor will see competition being fostered in the American home and ing the American classroom, even at the youngest age levels. You may find the value placed on competition disagreeable, especially American teaching in Third World countries find the lack of competitiveness in a classroom situation equally distressing(令人苦恼的). They soon learn that what they had thought to be one of the universal human characteristics represented only a peculiarly American(or Western) value.

Americans, valuing competition, have devised an economic system to go with it--- free enterprise(自由企业制). Americans fee very strongly that a highly economy will bring out the best in its people and ultimately, that the societyh which fosters competition will progress most rapidly. If you look for it, you will see evidence in all areas--- in all fields as diverse(不同的)as medicine, the arts, education, and

sports---that free enterprise is the approach most often prferred in America.

46.What does the author mean by saying“The …self-made man or woman? is still

very much the ideal in present-day America”?_

A)Americans no longer respect those who are born rich as they used to.

B)Americans still respect those who have climbed up the social ladder

through hard work.

C) Americans think that an ideal man or woman should be born poor.

D) Americans think that only the self-made man or woman is worthy of

respect.

47.What does the author think of the American social system?

A) It is a system that does not favor those who are born rich.

B) It is a system that makes social climbing very difficult, if not impossible.

C) It makes it comparatively easy for the poor to move up the social ladder.

D) It is the best system possible in the world.

48.American teaching in Third World countries found that____.

A) competition is a unique American( or Western) value.

B) competition must be fostered in the classroom for success in business.

C) cooperation is more important than competition in bringing about progress.

D) competition is one of the universal human characteristics.

49.We can infer from the passage that free enterprise is____

A) an economic system allowing free competition among business.

B) a belief that competition brings out the best in any individual.

C) an attitude that values competition rathe than cooperation.

D) a theory that advocates competition as the source of all progress.

50.Americans would most likely frown at you if you ____

A) tell them you were born poor and had to work with your hands.

B) complain that you were born poor and had had no opportunities.

C) go around telling people that yur father is a self-made man.

D) tell them that their social system is not necessary the best.

Part IV Translation (25%)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you are required to translate the following passage into Chinese.

For you, these next four years will be a time unlike any other. Here you are surrounded by great resources: interesting students from all over the country, a learned and caring faculty, a comprehensive library, great sports facilities, and student organizations covering every possible interest--from arts to science, to community service and so on. You will have the freedom to explore and learn about new subjects. You will learn to get by on very little sleep, meet fascinating people and pursue new passions. I want to encourage you to make the most of this unique experience, and to

use your energy and enthusiasm to reap the benefits of this opportunity.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you are required to translate the following passage into English.

每年农历八月十五是我国的传统节日——中秋节。这是一年秋季的中期,所以被称为中秋。中秋节的一项重要活动是赏月。夜晚,人们赏明月、吃月饼,共庆中秋佳节。中秋节也是家庭团圆的时刻,远在他乡的游子,会借此寄托自己对故乡和亲人的思念之情。中秋节的习俗很多,都寄托着人们对美好生活的热爱和向往。子2008年起,中秋节成为中国的法定节日。

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