2018年辽宁省大连市中山区一模英语试卷

2018年中山区一模试卷

英语

注意事项:

1.请在答题卡上作答,在试卷上作答无效。

2.本试卷共七大题,74小题,满分140分。考试时间100分钟

第Ⅰ卷选择题(共74分)

I.单项填空(本题共16小题,每小题1分,共16分)

从各题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1.I wonder what the children are dreaming

A. with

B. from

C. about

D.against

2. How are you getting on there?

Dont worry.goes well

A. Something

B. Everything

C. Anything

D. Nothing

3. The singer said he couldn't play any

A. treatment

B. movement

C. instrument

D.

Improvement

4.They are asked to find out the real of the machine.

A. invent

B. inventing

C. inventor

D. invention

5. I want movies because it can help me feel relaxed.

A. watch

B. watching

C. watched

D. to watch

6.Do youfeel lone?

Yes, sometimes

A. just

B. ever

C. never

D. even

7.I know, he has been abroad.

A. As far as

B.soon as

C. As well as

D. As much as

8. Kate learns chemistry In our class.

A. more carefully

B. most carefully

C. more careful D, the most careful

9. The young manteaches us English is from America

A, that B.which Cwhom D.whose

10. Youcross the street when the traffic lights are red

A. must

B. mustn’ t

C. should

D. needn’t

11. I wonder what languagesIn Canada

A. speak

B.Is spoken C are spoken D. were spoken

12the switch when anything goes wrong with the machine

A. Fall off

B. See off

C. Get off

D. Turn off

13. He wroteof beautiful pieces of music for the orchestra

A. hundred

B. hundreds

C. a hundred

D.

six hundred

14. The boyfor the book on the shelf, but he fell down.

A. got off

B. set off

C.reached out

D. watched out

15.- --------You look worried. ?

-------Nothing serious.

A.What’s that

B. what's up

C. What about

D. What are you up to

16.Why didn't you tell her about it?

I thought .

A. that you told her

B. you have told her

C. when did you tell her

D. you

had told her

Ⅱ.完形填空(-)(本题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,理解其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的

最佳选项。

Tiffany, a 16-year-old girl, was very shy. Last September, her best friend

Sophie, moved abroad with her family because she had to continue her studies in

America. She even said she would not come back for at least a few years. Tiffany

became 17 and helpless. "1 was really sad the moment I heard the bad news and I

didn' t know what to do,”Tiffany recalled(回忆).“I18myself in my room for a whole week. It was then that my aunt took me to a sports club one Saturday and I saw so many 19 people playing various sports there. I signed up for a beginnersvolleyball and since then I have been playing this sport. Now I practise twice a weekthere. It is wonderful playing sports in this club and I have made lots of 21 as wellwhat's more, I feel I am much healthier than before.The most basic aim of playing sports is that you can 22 your health even if you are not very good at sports.23you can get to know a circle of people at your age while playing sports. Tiffany used to be a very 24 girl. Since she joined the sports club, she has opened up herself and now she has become very25and enjoy meeting and talking with others.For most people, that is one of the attractions of joining a sports club. You can get to 26 other young people who have similar interests. You don't have to sit downand talk to strangers.You go in for sports and it is easier to understand your partners on the same team Now Tiffany is quite popular with her friends and she has also gained more confidence.Try to do regular sports. The mind needs exercise as well as the body

17. A. angry B. lonely C. tired D.surprise

18. A. shut B. hurt C.enjoy D. helped

19. A. friendly B. young C.weak D.ordinary

20. A. book B. match C.course D. project

21. A. trouble B. mistakes C.money D. friends

22. A. realize B.Increase C. develop D.Improve

23. A. So far B. In addition C. Once again D. After all

24. A. proud B. quiet C.wise D. lovely

25. A. active B. strong C. lucky D. independent

26. A. meet B. find C. know D.Influence

Ⅲ.阅读理解(一)(本题共19小题,每小题2分,共38分)

A.阅读下列短文,从各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

Passage 1

Xie Cong, 15, Fujian:

I will choose which high school I should go to. But before I make the decision, I will ask my parents for advice. They are like a bright light showing me the way in my life.i'm such a young bird that I can t fly alone.

I trust my parents completely.

Chen Xiaoyu, 16, Sichuan:

My parents now live in other cities and are busy working. Besides, they know little about my studies. So I have to decide which high school I will go to on my own. I will choose the best high school in my city because I am always the top student in my school. But I know I have to keep working hard during these last few months.

Yuan Shenggang, 15, Jilin:

I enjoy English a lot. There is a high school whose English program is the best in my

city. It is a little far from my home. If I study there, I have to live at school, which will help me to be more independent (独立的). When I told my decision to my parents, they agreed.

Zhang Xin, 16, Shandong:

My parents have told me that it's their task to choose the high school that I will go to, while my task is to study hard and get as high scores as possible in the big exam. According to my experience,I believe they will make the best decision for me this time.I know they will not let me down.

27. The students talk about .

A. middle schools

B. future life

C. study plans

D.high schools

28They are .

A. in the same city

B. in different countries

C. from different provinces

D. from the countryside

29. of them can't decide which high school for the future

A. One

B. Two

C. three

D. Four

30.wants to go to the best high school.

A. Xie Cong

B. Chen Xiaoyu

C. Yuan Shenggang

D. Zhang

Xin

31. Which of the follow is NOT true?

A. Xie Cong and Zhang Xin want to listen to their parents opinions.

B. Chen Xiaoyu is the top student in her class

C.The high school Yuan Shenggang likes is a little far from his house.

D. Some students ask their teachers about the high schools they will go to.

Passage 2

English is a language that keeps developing. However, there are some words and rases that have stood the test of time. OK is a good example. It has become the

International way to express agreement

Why is this phrase so useful and so popular when we could use many

other words to say the same thing?

Allen Metcatf, writer of OK: The Improbable Story of America’s Greatest Word

writes in The Times:"What OK provided that the other words did not was neutrality

(中立). it's a way to express agreement without having to give an opinion.

For example, if someone asks you:“ Shall we go for a walk after lunch?”You could say:“ I suppose”,or “That sounds great!”or, you can simply say,“OK”— no extraopinion, Complete neutrality.

But does this useful phrase sound a little too informal(不正式的)?O course http://m.wendangku.net/doc/eab0403da55177232f60ddccda38376baf1fe0a1.html President Barack Obama used“OK” several times in his election(选举) speech

Where did this popular phrase come from? No one knows for sure. OK may have

been, simply, the name of a person or a thing.

Metcalf writes in an article for London’s Metro newspaper: O and K are presen

many languages of the world. "OK is the short form of expressions for

certain

meaning. For example: in French, "o Qu oui”, means"yes indeed", and in

Latin or

Greek,”olla kalla”,”all good”.

Wherever it comes from. it's OK to say OK. And thanks to the expression’s

widespread usage across the world, you can be understood anywhere.

32. English keeps .

A. being used

B. developing

C. being studied

D. Increasing

33.“OK” is used to express agreement

A.In Britain

B. in America

C. in English-speaking countries

D.In the word

34. What does "this phrase"in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A. Yes.

B. No.

C. OK.

D. Right.

35. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. The passage tells where OK is from.

B. OK is an expression which shows neutrality.

C. OK is useful and popular because of its meaning.

D. OK has its certain meaning in many languages of the world.

The best title of the passage is”"

A. Useful Expressions

B. Language Change

C. Useful and Popular OK

D. Widely Used Language

Passage 3

The practice of students endlessly copying letters and sentences from a blackboard

is a thing of the past. With the coming of new technologies like computers and

smartphone, writing by hand has become something of nostalgic(怀旧的) skill

However, while today ' s educators are using more and more technology in their

teaching, many believe basic handwriting skills are still necessary for students to be

successful- both in school and in life

Virginia Beminger, professor of education at the University of Washington, says

it's important to continue teaching handwriting and help children acquire the skill of

writing by hand.

Beminger and her colleagues made a study that looked at the ability of students to complete various writing tasks both on a computer ands by hand. The study published in 2009, found that when writing with a pen and paper, participants wrote

longer essays(文章) and more complete sentences and had a faster word production rate(率)

In a more recent study, Berninger looked at what role spelling plays in a student's writing skills and found that how well children spell is tied to how well they can write.

"Spelling makes some of the thinking parts of the brain active which helps our t

vocabulary, word meaning and ideas. It is allowing our written language to connect p

with ideas. "Berninger said

Spelling helps students translate ideas into words in their mind first and then to

transcribe(转换)"those words in the mind written symbols on paper or keyboard and

screen, "the study said. Seeing the words in the "minds eye"helps children not only

turn their ideas into words, says Berninger, but also to find out spelling mistakes when they write the words down and to correct them over time.

“In our computer age, some people believe that we don't have to teach spelling

because we have spell checks, "she said. "But until a child has a

functional spelling ability of about a fifth grade level, they won 't have the knowledge to choose the correct spelling among the options (选择) given by the computer.

37. What makes writing by hand a thing of the past?

A. The absence of black board in classroom.

B. The use of new technologies in teaching.

C. The lack of practice in handwriting.

D. The popular use of smartphones

38. Berninger's study published in 2009 .

A.talked about the difference between writing by hand and on a computer.

B. showed that students preferred to write with a pen and paper.

C. found that good essays were made up of long sentences.

D. discussed the importance of writing speed.

39. Which of the following best shows the role of spelling?

A. Spelling improves one's memory of words

B. Spelling ability is closely connected to writing ability

C. Spelling benefits the translation from words into ideas

D. Spelling slows down finding exact words to express ideas.

40. What does“mind's eye” in paragraph5mean?

A. Window.

B. Soul.

C. Picture.

D. Imagination.

41. What can we get from the passage?

A. Computers can help people with their choice of words

B. Spell checks can take the place of spelling

C. Handwriting still has a place in today’s classrooms.

D. Functional spelling ability develops fast in the fifth grade

B.阅读短文,根据短文内容,从所给的六个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选

项,使短文意思完整、连贯。(有两项为多余选项)

Passage 4

Kids health: Four steps for fighting stress

Everybody gets stressed time to time. 42 Some ways, of dealing with stress

like screaming or hitting someone don't solve much. But other ways, like talking to

someone you trust, can lead you to solving your problem or at least feeling better.

Try taking these four steps the next time you are stressed:

Get support. When you need help, reach out to the people who care about you.

Talk to a trusted adult, such as a parent or other relatives.

43 They might have had similar problems, such as dealing with a test, or the death of a beloved pet.

Don't take it out on yourself. Sometimes when kids are stressed and upset they

take it out on themselves. Oh, dear, that' s not a good idea. Remember that there are always people to help you. Don t take it out on

yourself.44 .

Try to solve the problem. After you re calm and you have support from adults and

friends, it's time to get down to business. You need to figure out what the problem is

Even if you can't solve it all, you can solve a piece of it

Be positive. Most stress is temporary (暂时的). Remember stress does go away,

especially when you figure out the problem and start working on solving it.

45 And if you can stay positive as you make your way through a tough time you 'll help yourself feel better even faster. Ah, it feels so good when the stress is gone.

A.Ask for a helping hand to get you through the tough situations.

B. Notice your friends and to get you through the tough situation.

C.Different people feel stress in different ways.

D.These steps aren’ t magic, but they do work.

E. And don’t forget about your friends.

F. Then, find a way to calm down.

Ⅳ.情景交际(本题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分)

根据对话内容,从所给的七个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,使对话内容

完整。(有两项为多余选项)

A: Hello, Sally! Congratulations to you for winning the first prize in the speech

competition!

B: Thank you.

A: You used to be shy when you talked to others. 46 .

B:Yeah,I used to be shy. And my mother was really worried about it. She

told me I

must have confidence in everything. 47 .

A: How could you do such a good job?

B: 48in order to make it good, I had practiced it hundreds of times.

A49 .

B: I got excited and couldn't help crying when I won the prize, but at

first I could

hardly believe I was the winner.

A:50 .

B: Yes, a lot. And it made me feel confident. I’m very thankful to all the people who

helped me.

A: Thanks for answering my questions.

B. you're welcome.

2018年辽宁省大连市中山区一模英语试卷

第Ⅱ卷非选择题(共66分)

V.完形填空(二)(本题共13小题,每小题2分,共26分)

A.根据短文内容,用方框内所给词的适当形式填空,使短文内容完整。(每词限用中

次)

2018年辽宁省大连市中山区一模英语试卷

Vicky: I know that Charles Dickens is considered to be a great English writer, but

that's all I know about him. Can you tell me something more about him?

Dave: Yes, he's very famous not only in Britain, but also in many countries In

the world. He was born in 1812 and he lived in London. He52 a lot of books, and he also liked acting.

Vicky: He was an actor! That's interesting. Maybe that's why his books were so good.

Dave:53it is.He gave public readings of his popular stories.

Vicky: Did he? So did he become famous very quickly?

Dave: Yes, he did. His stories first appeared in a magazine, in parts. People always

wanted the next part

Vicky: What is his 54 most famous book?

Dave: Well, he wrote a lot, and most of them are popular. There are films and plays of Oliver Twist became a famous musical play, and Great Expectations was a wonderful film.

Vicky: Have you read his books?

Dave: Yes, I’ve read some of them. My favourite was Bleak House

Vicky: And what about 56 life? Did he marry? Did he have children?

Dave: Yes, he did. When he died in 1870, he was writing a

is.

Dave: Dickens early life was very hard. His family was poor,, and his mother sent him out to work in a factory when he was 12. He 5-hadedt, but he used his experiences in his writing. He married Catherine Hogarth and they had a big family.

Vicky: Did he continue to write he died?

Vicky: that's sad. we'll never know how it ended, will we?

Dave: NO, we won’t

B.阅读下面短文

在短支的空格内填人人适当的词,使其内容通顺。(每空格限

填一词)

Our world is facing many problems now. Two of the biggest are the increasing population and pollution. The population of the world is

increasing giay Why is this happening? Well firstly, because more 60dapare born every year. Secondly, we are able to cure many illnesses now in our excellent hospitals, so peoople are able to live longer, Many people

are countryside, to go and work in the city. So these places are becoming too crowded: there is not enough space for everyone.Another 62bia problem for the world is pollution. Do we even know howdangerous the air is? Factories fill the sky with black smoke. Too many cars on theroads cause traffic problems, and planes make loud 63ni when they take off and land

We are all going to have to work hard to protect the worlds environment

Ⅵ.阅读理解(二)(本题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分)

阅读下面短文,根据短文内容,回答下列问题

Passage 5

Born in 1949, Diana Nyad took an early interest in swimming as a sport and was a

Florida State High School swimming champion. Like many young athletes, she had Olympic dreams, but a serious illness kept her from competing in the Games.The disappointment didn't stop her from going forward. Instead, she became interested in marathon swimming. A brilliant athlete, she was well-conditioned for spending long In periods of time in the water. As a long-distance swimmer, she would compete against herself and the obstacles presented by distance, danger, cold, and exhauston(疲劳) For ten years Nyad devoted herself to becoming one of the world's best long-distance swimmers. In 1970, she swam a ten-mile marathon in Lake Ontario, setting the women's record for the course. In 1972 she set another record bmiles from an island in the Bahamas to the coast of Florida. Then she broke a third

y swimming 102.5

record when swimming around Manhattan Island in 1975.

Nyad tried to swim the distance between Florida and Cuba in 1978. Though water

is less than 100 miles wide, it is rough and dangerous. After battling the water for two

days, she had to give up as a result of her own health and safety. Even so, she

impressed the world with her courage and strong desire to succeed. For Nyad her

strength of purpose was just as important as reaching Cuba. That is how she defined (E

X) success. It did not matter that her swim came up short; she believed she had

touched the other shore.

When Nyad ended her career as a swimmer, she continued to try new things

travelling the world as a reporter, writing books and giving public speeches about her

life. Diana Nyad works to encourage others, Just as she did when she swam in the waters

64. What prevented Nyad from taking part in the Olympic Games?

65. What does the underlined word"obstacles"mean?

66. What achievement did Nyad make in 1970?

Swam a ten-mile marathon in Lake Ontano

67. Why did Nyad believe that she had touched the other shore

Women 5

cord for the

24题pe

Course

68. What can you learn from her

p2 Her sbong ull.

Ⅶ.写作(满分30分)

A.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语。(本题共5小题,每小题2分,共10分)

69.交卷之前别忘了仔细检查一下

70.你知道那座新楼有多高吗?

71.现在的学生做运动不如以前多了。

72.除了学习中文以外,我们还希望让你能体验一下中国的生活。

73.我把昨天在图书馆借的书给弄丢了。

B.书面表达。(满分20分

74.毕业在即,学校英语报正在征集令你难忘的正能量。请你根据以下要求写一篇题为王

“ don't forget..”的英文稿件投稿。

要求:(1)将题目补充完整;

(2)中心突出,语义连贯,层次清晰,书写规范

(3)文中不得出现真实的姓名和校名;

(4)词数不少于80词。

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