Chapter VIII Verbal Intercultural Communication (I)
1.To understand how language and culture closely linked
2.To perceive the vital role of verbal codes in intercultural communication as well as the important relationships among language, thought, culture, and behavior
Have students listen to the lead-in case Meanings of Words
Ask students warming-up questions:
●What are connotational meanings?
●What’s the connotation of the word “moon” in Chinese?
●What’s the connotation of the word “moon” in English?
●What is the relationship between language and culture?
8.1 Language and culture
●Verbal intercultural communication
Verbal intercultural communication happens when people from different cultural backgrounds communicate with each other by using language.
●Relationship between language and culture
Mastering all those rules of language,such as phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics, is still not enough for effective communication, for language and culture cannot be separated.They are intertwined, shaping each other.
8.1.1 Culture and Word Meaning
1. Word differences are obvious in various languages. The relation between word and its meaning is arbitrary. For example, we live in a house in English, we also live in a casa in Spanish and
2. Corresponding Chinese words cannot always explain the English words.
a. Words with different associated meanings
Language reflects the environment we live in, history, custom, values and so on, which are diverse in different cultures. So words that refer to the same object may have different associated(联想