英语题1

Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. In no circumstances __________a lie.

A. you should tell

B. shouldn't you tell

C. you shouldn't tell

D. should you tell

2. __________they managed to take from the tombs, there seemed to be no end to the valuable.

A. What

B. Which

C. How much

D. However much

3. The ten-page report may __________ one simple point: it’s impractical to establish a chemical plant in that region with so many difficulties and oppositions.

A. get down to

B. come down to

C. settle down

D. take down

4. Don’t do that again! You not only endangered yourself, but also put your friend

__________.

A. as a result

B. at length

C. at risk

D. by mistake

5. ―Perhaps you should go home now.‖ ―No, I __________ on staying here for a while longer.‖

A. persist

B. stick

C. sit

D. insist

6. __________ a major disaster will get us to realize that we can’t go on destroying the rain forests of the world.

A. Anything but

B. Nothing but

C. But that

D. Everything hut

7. We went very often to Hyde Park __________ speakers addressed the passing crowds on different subjects.

A. which

B. where

C. that

D. for

8. The matter __________you were arguing about last night had been settled.

A. as

B. that

C. for which

D. what

9. The Chinese Red Cross __________ a generous sum to the relief of the physically disabled.

A. assigned

B. contributed

C. furnished

D. administered

10. The motorway __________ we drive to work is always crowded.

A. that

B. on which

C. which

D. on that

11. If he __________ promotion, he would be an important man today.

A. gained

B. had gained

C. gains

D. was to gain

12. Will the AIDS patients benefit __________ the new drug?

A. out of

B. through

C. upon

D. from

13. Fond of singing as she is, she is __________ a good singer by profession.

A. everything but

B. anything but

C. nothing but

D. something but

14. Could you tell me __________ to fly from Chicago to New York?

A. it costs how much

B. how much does it cost

C. how much costs it

D. how much it costs

15. I was very tired. Otherwise, I ___________ to the theatre with you.

A. had gone

B. would go

C. went

D. would have gone

16. He couldn’t even __________ a cow from a horse.

A. tell

B. contrast

C. compare

D. recognize

17. Are you sure Mr. Johnson will show you __________ the new computer?

A. to use

B. using

C. how to use

D. what to use

18. Quite a lot of people watch TV only to __________ time.

A. waste

B. spend

C. kill

D. pass

19. The soldiers were put in prison because they __________ to obey orders..

A. refused

B. rejected

C. denied

D. objected

20. I missed the train and __________ was late for school.

A. finally

B. eventually

C. subsequently

D. consequently

Part II. Cloze Test (10 points;20 minutes)

Directions: Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word or phrase marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Blacken the corresponding letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the Answer Sheet.

Geography is the study of the relationship between people and the land .Geographers(地理学家)compare and contrast 21 places on the earth. But they also 22 beyond the individual places and consider the earth as a 23 . The world geography 24 from two Gree k words, ge, the Greek word for ―earth‖ and graphein, 25 means ―to write‖. The English word geography means, ―to describe the earth‖. 26 Geography books focus on a small area 27 atown or city. Others deal with a state, a region, a nation, or an 28 continent. Many geography books deal with the whole earth. Another 29 to divide the study of 30 is to distinguish between physical geography and cultural geography. The former focuses on the natural world; the 31 starts with human beings and 32 how

英语题1

city where Mrs. Vaught lived. The other banks anticipated a run the next day, and so the officers of the bank in which Mrs. Vaught worked as a teller had enough funds in hand to pay off as many depositors as might apply. The officers simply instructed the tellers to pay on demand. Next morning a crowd gathered in the bank and on the sidewalk outside. The length of the line convinced many that the bank could not possibly pay off everyone. People began to push and then to fight for places near the tellers’ windows. Clothing was torn and limbs were broken, but the jam continued for hours. The power of the panic atmosphere is evident in the fact that two tellers, though they knew that the bank was sound and could pay out all depositors, nevertheless withdrew the funds in their own accounts. Mrs. Vaught says that she had difficulty restraining herself from doing the same.

41. A bank run occurs when __________.

A. a bank is closed for one or more days

B. too many depositors attempt to draw out their money at one time

C. there is not enough money to pay all of its depositors at one time

D. employees of a bank take their own funds out of the bank

42. The tellers in Mrs. Vaught’s bank were told to __________.

A. explain why they could not pay out all deposits

B. pay out deposits as requested

C. assure customers that the bank was sound

D. pay out money as slowly as possible

43. The essential cause of a run on a bank is __________.

A. loss of confidence

B. lack of sufficient funds

C. crowds of people

D. inefficient tellers

44. Which of the following did Mrs. Vaught say?

A. She knew that the bank was not sound.

B. She feared that too many withdrawals would close the bank.

C. She was not able to draw out her money.

D. She was tempted to draw out her money.

45. According to the passage, the actions of the customers of Mrs. Vaught’s bank were influenced chiefly by the __________.

A. ease with which they could obtain their money

B. confidence demonstrated by other customers of the bank

C. confidence that Mrs. Vaught demonstrated

D. failure of several other banks to open

Passage Two

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

Gravity holds us so dose to the Earth's surface that nobody can jump more than a few feet into the air without the force of gravity pulling him down. It takes a powerful engine to keep an airplane up in the air. If you throw a ball upwards as hard as you can, you will notice that it travels in a curved path before it comes back to the ground. If the Earth had no gravity, the

ball, instead of traveling in a curve, would move away in a straight line; in fact, it would never come back to the ground. If the Earth were to lose its pull of gravity, we should all fly off it as it spins round in space. The Earth has a strong pull, but modem rockets going out into space are able to escape from the gravity, because they travel so quickly. With the ball thrown into the air, the height reached by the ball depends upon how hard it is thrown. The greater the starting-speed, the higher the ball will go. If it could be thrown so that it traveled fast enough, the ball would escape into space and never come back. Nobody can throw a ball as fast at this, but powerful rocket engines can send spaceships away from the Earth at such a speed that the Earth's gravity is not able to pull them back. This is how we can now send rockets to the Moon.

46. Gravity holds us dose the Earth's surface, and as a result, __________.

A. we can lift ourselves no more than a few feet above the Earth

B. nobody can jump a few feet into the air

C. no one will be pulled down

D. any one of us can Jump as high as expected

47. What would happen to a ball thrown upwards if there were no gravity?

A. It would spin round in space.

B. It would fly off into space

C. It would fall into a curved path.

D. It would move towards the Earth.

48. The ball thrown into the air would never come back to the ground __________.

A. without such a powerful horizontal push

B. if it were thrown upwards as hard as you can

C. should it travel in a curved path

D. were it not for gravity

49. The height the ball will reach depends on __________.

A. the escape velocity

B. the limiting velocity

C. its starting velocity

D. its traveling speed

50. What is it that makes it possible to put a spaceship into orbit?

A. the Earth's gravity

B. a strong pull

C. a powerful engine

D. the powerful rocket engine

Passage Three

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

Does a bee know what is going on its mind when it navigates its way to distant food sources and back to the hive, using polarized sunlight and the tiny magnet it carries as an aid? Or is the bee just a machine? (Unable to do its mathematics and dance its language in any other way to use Donald Griffin’s term) Does a bee have ―awareness‖, or to use a phrase I like better, can a bee think and imagine?

There is an experiment for this, or at least an observation, made long ago by Karl Von Frisch and more recently confirmed by James Gould at Princeton, biologists who wish to study such

things as bees to fly from the hive to one or another special place. To do this, they begin by placing a source of sugar very close to the hive so that the bees can learn what the game is about. Then, at regular intervals, the dish or whatever is moved progressively farther and farther from the hive.

Eventually, the target is being moved 100 feet or more at a jump, very far from the hive. Sooner or later, while this process is going on, the geologists shifting the dish of sugar will find the bees are out there waiting for them precisely where the next position had been planned. This is an uncomfortable observation to make.

51. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. The Bee Hive: Nature’s Candy Shop

B. Testing the Awareness of Bees

C. Navigational Techniques of Birds and Insects

D. Behaviorists Versus Biologists: A Zoological Debate

52. In the second paragraph why is Karl Von Frisch mentioned?

A. To introduce his observation on bee behavior.

B. To contrast his theories with those of James Gould.

C. To give credit to his description of the bee hive.

D. To support the argument that bees use sunlight to navigate.

53. According to the author, why was sugar used in the study?

A. To keep the bees nourished and healthy during the experiment.

B. To train the bees to travel to a particular place.

C. To reward the bees for performing the experiment correctly.

D. To ensure that the bees did not sting the scientists.

54. The result of the experiment explained in the passage seems to indicate which of the following?

A. Research using bees is too dangerous to be conducted successfully.

B. Bees are unable to navigate beyond 100 feet of their hive.

C. Scientists can teach bees to speak to people.

D. Bees are able to perform limited reasoning tasks.

55. Which of the following best describes the format of the passage?

A. a response to criticism

B. a comparison of two competing theories

C. a question followed by a possible answer

D. a position supported by scientific debate

Directions: Read the following passage, and then decide whether the statements are true (A) or false (B).Then blacken the corresponding letter(A or B)on the Answer Sheet.(对的在答题卡上划A, 错的在答题卡上划B)

Passage Four

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:

Mrs. Green gave her husband her letters to post when he was going to work. But sometimes Mr. Green forgot to do so and kept them in his pocket for days.

One fine morning in March, Mrs. Green asked him to post a letter. ―Please post this letter and don’t forget,’ she said. Mr. Green put the letter in his pocket and said, ―I am sure to post this one.‖ Mrs. Green smiled and said, ―Yes, I believe that you will this time.‖ Mrs. Green looked at his back, and was still smiling when she closed the door.

Mr. Green walked slowly along the street. Soon a man came up from behind him. When he walked by, the man looked back and smiled, ―Don’t forget to post the letter!‖

Then a girl walked by, and she turned and smiled, too. ―Don’t forget to post that letter!‖ she said.

Mr. Green said to himself, ―Why are these people smiling at me? And how do they know I have a letter to post?‖

At last he came to a post office, posted the letter, and walked on. But after a while, a boy came up from behind him and asked him, ―Did you post your letter?‖

―Yes, I did,‖ said Mr. Green.

―Then I can take off this paper,‖ said the boy.

He took a large piece of paper from the back o f Mr. Green’s coat and showed it to him. On the paper were these words –―Ask him to post the letter.‖

( ) 56. Mrs. Green asked her husband to post her letters on his way home.

( ) 57. Mr. Green sometimes forgot to post the letters immediately.

( ) 58. Many people in the street knew Mr. Green.

( ) 59. Mr. Green had his wife put the large piece of paper on his back.

( ) 60. The paper on his back was a good hint to help Mr. Green remember to post

the letter.

Paper Two

(60 minutes)

Part IV. Short Answer Questions (10 points; 15 minutes)

Directions:In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words.) Write your answers on the Answer Sheet of Paper Two. (请将此部分的答案写在试卷二的答题纸上)

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

Thank—you cards seem to be rare in an age when the Internet continues to reduce human contact.

Although our society has changed greatly over the past century,the etiquette (礼节) of thank-you notes has not.

While most people would agree that thank-you notes are a necessity,there are still those who forever delay or are forgetful for unknown reasons.

And at no time of the year are thank-you notes more obvious (or lacking) than June.The month of brides and graduations,and the beginning of summer parties.

英语题1

英语题1

satisfied with me.

A. indicated

B. input

C. increased

D. interacted

12. Do you know who is the chairperson of the conference now in ____________?

A. running

B. ending

C. session

D. meeting

13. With the price ___________, the fruits are selling much better now.

A. lowering

B. is lowered

C. having been lowered

D. is being lowered

14. Some of the passengers escaped serious ____________ in the traffic accident.

A. enquiry

B. wound

C. inquiry

D. injury

15. The young man gave a speech with great ___________ and moved all those who were

present.

A. direction

B. passion

C. indifference

D. regret

16. If we carry out our plan with _____________, we will surely achieve our goal sooner or later.

A. conditions

B. determination

C. competition

D. frowns

17. Our university celebrated its 100th ___________ the year before last.

A. anniversary

B. birthday

C. year

D. birth

18. Jane sometimes complains that her husband is not ___________ enough. He never thinks of

buying her any gift on special days.

A. acceptable

B. romantic

C. assertive

D. restless

19. Lots of birds were flying among the trees branches. What a(n) ___________ view!

A. explosive

B. amused

C. amazing

D. terrified

20. After the little girl lost her parents in the traffic accident, she kept __________ all the time

and never smiled again.

A. frowning

B. to frown

C. frowned

D. having frowned

Part II. Cloze Test (10 points;20 minutes)

Directions: Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word or phrase marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Blacken the corresponding

letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the Answer Sheet.

How does one "save face" or "lose face"? This concept is in fact for different peoples throughout the world and is not (21)__________ Chinese. It could also be considered a Western (22)__________. However, it carries much weight for Asian people and its (23)_________ in Asian countries is greater.

Some Asian people believe that the (24)__________ of "face" and other rituals and

(25)__________ like honoring your parents do not (26)__________ in the West, but it would be too (27)__________ to put it in this way. When we (28)__________ the values held by families in the West, we find that many have similar beliefs to (29)__________ that guide Asian culture, and they (30)__________ them in their daily lives. So, some ideas are becoming (31)__________ similar between the east and west. For example, American students are having a stronger (32)__________ of studying hard for the honor of their families than before. And American people are more concerned about the disadvantages of "happy education" for primary education than they (33)

__________.

One major (34)__________ is how each weighs an (35)__________ rights against the rights of the community. There are people, (36)__________, and even leaders in the West who believe that the freedom of an individual carries much more (37)__________ than needs for the order in the community. (38)_________ Americans hold the right to own a gun so dear that they have consequently been willing to (39)_________ a blind eye to the harm that people (40)__________ guns has caused.

A proper balance between Western and Eastern ideas can be a very good idea.

21.A. eventually B. entirely C. evenly D. endlessly

22.A. conference B. conviction C. convention D. confrontation

23.A. conscience B. significance C. encouragement D. intention

24.A. principles B. prisons C. presidents D. principals

25.A. curiosity B. contents C. customers D. customs

26.A. extend B. explore C. exist D. exit

27.A. abrupt B. absolute C. accurate D. thorough

28.A. assume B. attach C. assist D. assess

29.A. them B. these C. those D. this

30.A. practice B. participate C. persuade D. prevent

31.A. spontaneously B. originally C. increasingly D. inevitably

32.A. consciousness B. conscience C. sensation D. embarrassment

33.A. would be B. used to be C. will be D. shall be

34.A. difference B. differently C. change D. clash

35.A. instructor's B. identity's C. interaction's D. individual's

36.A. communities B. community C. things D. actions

37.A. power B. weight C. control D. command

38.A. One B. Others C. Another D. Some

39.A. leave B. turn C. do D. see

40.A. containing B. opening C. obtaining D. conducting

Part III. Reading Comprehension (40 points; 55 minutes)

Section 1

Directions: Each of the following three passages is followed by some questions. For each question there are four choices. Choose the best answer to each question. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

Mr. and Mrs. Jones' flat was full of boxes, big and small; trunks (大皮箱); and furniture. The two of them were busy with pencils and paper, checking their list of luggage (行李) when there was a ring at the door. Mrs. Jones went to open it, and saw a well-dressed middle-aged lady outside. The lady said that she lived in a flat beside theirs, and that she had come to welcome them to their new home.

Mrs. Jones invited her in.

"I hope you'll excuse us for all this mess (杂乱)," said Mrs. Jones, "We are trying..."

"Oh, that's quite all right," said the lady. "Do you know, in some parts of this town, neighbors are not at all friendly? There are some streets—and even some buildings—where people don't know their neighbors—not even their next-door ones. But in this building, everyone is a friend with everybody else. We are one big, happy family. I'm sure you'll be happy here."

The lady was greatly surprised when she visited the same flat the next time, because she found that a different man and a woman had moved in. On the lady's first visit, Mr. and Mrs. Jones had not the heart to tell her they were not the new owners of the flat, but the old owners, who had lived beside her for two years. All this time she had never visited or even noticed Mr. and Mrs. Jones, her next-door neighbors. (253)

41.Someone knocked at the door when Mr. and Mrs. Jones were ________.

A. cleaning their house

B. counting (数) their luggage

C. moving their furniture

D. writing their shopping list

42.This writer of this passage suggests that the middle-aged lady ________.

A. lives in a big happy family

B. lives alone

C. does not do what she says

D. is a bothersome neighbor

43.According to the middle-aged lady, in some parts of the town, people ________.

A. had big, happy families

B. had small, unhappy families

C. didn't know their neighbors

D. didn't like their neighbors

44.From the passage, we know ________.

A. the middle-aged lady was warm-hearted

B. the middle-aged lady had been living in the building for two years

C. Mr. and Mrs. Jones told the middle-aged lady the truth

D. Mr. and Mrs. Jones were the middle-aged lady's old neighbors

45.What is the tone (语气) of the writer in the passage?

A. Happy.

B. Sad.

C. Indifferent (不关心的).

D. Critical.

Passage Two

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

When I was in the 7th grade, I had a lot of trouble reading. My mother used to sit by my side, and explain each paragraph of each school reading assignment to me because I didn't understand

what I was reading. She would have to read each paragraph to me. And then after each paragraph, she told me the general meaning of what we just read.

In class, I tried to hide the fact that I couldn't read. My teachers gave us the last ten minutes of class to start our reading homework, and I would sit there for ten minutes staring at the page, pretending I was reading it. I remember a terrible feeling of not wanting to get into trouble for not being able to understand. I had to wait until I got home so my mother could explain it to me. How did I ever get into Cornell University?

By the 8th grade I started understanding a little on my own, but I was reading at a very slow speed. I got hold of all the speed-reading books I could get my hands on. I read them all very slowly at the time. I even went out and took a course on speed-reading. Then I developed my own way which was easier and produced quicker results. I started practicing these techniques every day, and as I started to read faster, my understanding increased. I found that I stopped daydreaming and thinking about other things while I was reading, and started getting the larger meaning. I was reading faster and comprehending better.

I found that when you read slowly, word-by-word, you get lost in the words, lose the bigger picture, and your comprehension drops. When you read faster, your comprehension goes up because instead of getting lost in the words, you see the general picture. (307)

46.The main difficulty the writer had in reading in the 7th grade was that

________________________.

A. she often forgot her school reading assignments

B. she had difficulty reading with comprehension

C. she had a poor vocabulary and very bad grammar

D. she always looked elsewhere when asked to read

47.The writer would pretend to be reading in the last 10 minutes of class because

_________________________.

A. she was afraid of being found out

B. the reading class was terrible

C. she had to do what others were doing

D. her mother told her to do so

48.The writer's reading ability improved a great deal mainly because

_______________________.

A. she entered Cornell University

B. she took a course on speed reading

C. her mother helped her

D. she developed her own way of reading

49.From her own experience, the writer found that _________________.

A. one's comprehension drops if one reads too slowly

B. in order to understand better, one has to read slowly

C. one does not pay enough attention to information if one reads fast

D. many people read fast in order to save time

50.The writer wrote the passage in order to ___________________.

A. prove to readers the importance of higher education

B. tell a story in honor of her mother

C. give a detailed description of different reading skills

D. prove the importance of reading fast

Passage Three

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

Learning a foreign language is not a matter of reading some grammar rules or some vocabulary words—although those are important activities not to be ignored. Acquiring (学到) a language is learning a skill, not a body of information. It's much more like learning to swim or ride a bike than it is like learning about the Second World War. That is, you must not only understand the ideas and have information at hand, but also make your body accustomed (习惯于) to using that information in physical (身体的) activity. In the case of learning a second language, the physical activity is speaking, listening, writing, and reading.

You need, then, not only to learn and understand, but also to practice!

Here are a few suggestions on effective practice/study techniques.

1. Make your mouth or hand do what your mind is learning. Study out loud. Go to the lab and work with tapes. Study with a friend, practicing speaking and listening. Try to write sentences or a short paragraph using the skills you have practiced with your own lips.

2. Study day by day. You cannot get by in a foreign language course by cramming (临时抱佛脚) at the last minute. You may be able to "learn" vocabulary items that way, but you cannot teach your mouth to use them in sentences.

3. Sometimes go back and review "old" topics and vocabulary. Language learning is cumulative (累积的). The new skills you learn build upon the old skills you learned in the past. The more you "recycle" (循环) familiar information and skills, the better you will be able to take in new ones.

4. Don't be afraid to make mistakes. Self-consciousness (害羞) can be a strong barrier to learning a language. Perhaps part of the reason small children readily learn languages is that they are not afraid of making mistakes. (333)

51.The main idea of the first paragraph is______.

A. memorizing vocabulary words is necessary in language learning

B. learning to swim is quite similar to learning about the Second World War

C. understanding the ideas is more important than anything else

D. language learning is a process of acquiring different language skills

52.One of the major benefits of studying with a friend is that _____________ .

A. it makes one talk and listen in a particular language

B. it builds the friendship between two friends

C. friends can share tapes or other learning materials

D. one studies better with a friend

53.Cramming is not helpful in learning a language because _________.

A. it is of little use to study without a clear purpose

B. nothing can be learned through cramming

C. anything learned that way can hardly be put into use

D. one may not find enough time to use at the last minute

54.The purpose of reviewing old topics is _____________________________.

A. to build up a good base for new skills

B. to enjoy the good ideas contained in them

C. to throw away the old, useless information

D. to avoid making mistakes in the future

55.Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

A. Why Children Are Able to Learn a Language Better Than Grown-ups?

B. A Few Suggestions on Studying a Foreign Language

C. Why Learning a Foreign Language Is More Difficult Than Anything Else?

D. An Introduction to Language Teaching and Learning

Section 2

Directions: Read the following passage, and then decide whether the statements are true (A) or false (B). Then blacken the corresponding letter(A or B)on the Answer Sheet. (对的在答题卡上涂A, 错的在答题卡上涂B)

Passage Four

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.

She is widely seen as proof that good looks can last forever. But, at nearly 500 years of age, time is catching up with the Mona Lisa.

The health of the famous picture, painted by Leonardo Da Vinci in 1505, is getting worse by the year, according to the Louvre Museum where it is housed.

―The thin, wooden panel on which the Mona Lisa is painted in oil has changed shape since experts checke d it two years ago,‖ the museum said. Visitors have noticed changes but repairing the world‘s most famous painting is not easy. Experts are not sure about the materials the Italian artist used and their present chemical state.

Nearly six million people go to see the Mona Lisa every year, many attracted by the mystery of her smile. ―It is very interesting that when you‘re not looking at her, she seems to be smiling, and then you look at her and she stops,‖ said Professor Margaret Livingstone of Harvard Univ ersity.

―It‘s because direct vision(视觉) is excellent at picking up detail, but less suited to looking at shadows. Da Vinci painted the smile in shadows.‖

Da Vinci himself loved it so much that he always carried it with him, until it was eventually sold to France‘s King Francis I in 1519.

During World War II, French hid the painting in small towns to keep it out of the hands of German Forces.

Like many old ladies, the Mona Lisa has some interesting stories to tell.

( ) 56. Time is having effect on the painting Mona Lisa.

( ) 57. Experts are very clear about the materials used to paint the famous painting with.

( ) 58. When you look at the Mona Lisa directly, she is not smiling.

( ) 59. Da Vinci liked the painting very much and never sold it to anyone.

( ) 60. France kept the painting During World War II. 、

Paper Two(60 minutes)

Part IV. Short Answer Questions (10 points; 15 minutes)

Directions: In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words) . Write your answers on the Answer Sheet of Paper Two. (请将此部分的答案写在试卷二的答题纸上)

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

Old people are always saying that the young are not what they were. The same comment is made from generation to generation and it is always true. It has never been truer than it is today. Events that the older generation remembers vividly are nothing more than past history. Every generation is different from the older one and today the difference is very marked indeed.

The old always assume that they know best for the simple reason that they have been around a bit longer. They don‘t like to feel that their values are being questioned or thr eatened. And this is precisely what the young are doing. They are questioning the assumptions of their elders and disturbing their self-satisfaction. They take leave to doubt that the old generation has created the best of all possible words: What they reject more than anything is conformity. Office hours, for instance, are nothing more than enforced slavery. If we turn our minds to more serious matters, who said that human differences could best be solved through conventional politics or by violent means? Why have the older generations so often used violence to solve their problems? Why are they unhappy and guilt-ridden in their personal lives, so obsessed with mean ambitions and the desire to amass more and more material possessions? Haven‘t old people los t touch with all that is important in life?

These are not questions the old generations can shrug off lightly. Traditionally, the young have turned to their elders for guidance. Today, the situation might be reversed. The old could learn a thing or two from their children. One of the biggest lessons they could learn is that enjoyment is not ―sinful‖. It is surely not wrong to enjoy your work and your leisure. It is surely not wrong to live in the present, which is only to be expected, because the young have grown up under the shadow of the bomb: the constant threat of complete destruction. (327)

61.What true thing is being said by older people today?

_______________________________________________________________________

62.What does the writer consider to be ―past history‖?

_______________________________________________________________________

63.What does the writer think about having to work in an office?

_______________________________________________________________________

64.What is one of the most important lessons that the old could learn from the

young?

_______________________________________________________________________

65.Of which generation does the writer seem to be more understanding?

_______________________________________________________________________

Part V. writing

Task 1

Directions: For this part , you are allowed to write an application letter of about 80 words to apply for a scholarship in an American university. Your letter should include the following information:

1.申请信的目的。

2.自我介绍。

Task 2

Directions: For this part, you are required to write an essay of about 150 words about your mother. Your essay should include the following information.

1. 你的母亲是一个什么样人

2. 她的行为表现

2013年黑龙江省学位英语考试样题二

(150 minutes)

Part I. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points; 15 minutes)

Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer

Sheet.

1. Last week I __________ an old friend of mine in the store.

A. ran off

B. ran away with

C. ran into

D. ran over

2. He prefers living alone in a quiet village __________ living in a city.

A. than

B. more than

C. rather than

D. to

3. ―Would you like to go for a walk?‖ ―Yes, it's __________ day!‖

A. so beautiful the

B. so a beautiful

C. such a beautiful

D. such beautiful a

4. I don't skate now, but I __________ when I was a kid.

A. used to do it

B. used to doing it

C. used to

D. used to do

5. Work hard __________ you will pass the examination.

A. and

B. if

C. now that

D. these

6. Shakespeare is the greatest poet __________ England has ever had.

A. whose

B. that

C. who

D. which

7. Now the problem of energy is becoming critical. It __________ an immediate solution.

A. calls for

B. calls on

C. calls up

D. calls at

8. I __________ a doctor now, if I had studied medical science in my youth.

A. were

B. should be

C. had been

D. should have been

9. He ran all the way home and arrived __________ breath.

A. without

B. lack of

C. beyond

D. out of

10. Father said such a thing __________ to happen again.

A. ought to be not allowed

B. ought not to be allowed

C. ought to be allowed not

D. not ought to be allowed

11. He was very busy yesterday; otherwise he __________ to the meeting.

A. had come

B. would come

C. could come

D. would have come

12. I still cannot __________ why she did such a foolish thing.

A. figure out

B. take in

C. make out

D. refer to

13. No sooner had we arrived __________ it began to rain heavily.

A. as

B. when

C. than

D. while

14. __________ the way, we set off on foot into the dark night.

A. With the guide leading

B. The guide leads

C. The guide led

D. With the guide lead

15. My father gave up smoking by __________ the number of cigarettes every day.

A. cutting back

B. cutting in

C. cutting off

D. cutting out

16. __________ him do this job by himself?

A. Why don't let

B. Why not let

C. Why not letting

D. Why you not let

17. __________ no gravity, there would be no air around the earth.

A. Were there

B. Was there

C. There were

D. There be

18. I know it's not important but I can't help __________ about it.

A. to think

B. thinking

C. and think

D. think

19. A small child has to learn to keep its __________ before it can walk far.

A. temper

B. sense

C. balance

D. way

20. Darkness __________ in, the youngsters lingered on merrymaking (嬉戏).

A. setting

B. set

C. sets

D. to set

Part II. Cloze Test (10 points;20 minutes)

Directions: Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word

or phrase marked A, B, C, or D for each blank in the passage. Blacken

the corresponding letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the

Answer Sheet.

Before the 20th century the horse provided day to day transportation in the United States. Trains were used only for long-distance transportation. Today the car is the most popular 21

of transportation in all of the U.S. It has completely 22 the horse as a means of everyday transportation. American use their car for 23 90 per cent of all personal 24 .

Most Americans are able to 25 cars. The average price of a 26 made car was $ 2, 050 in 1950, $ 2, 740 in 1960 and up to $ 4, 750 27 1975. During this period American car manufacturers set about 28 their products and work efficiency.

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