Two Ways of Looking at Life
Your attitude strongly reflects your outlook on life. Take a closer look at that connection. Are you a pessimist—or an optimist? Can you see how your way of looking actually does color your attitude? And remember: change your outlook and you change your attitude.
 The father is looking down into the crib
at his sleeping newborn daughter, just
home from the hospital. His heart is overflowing with awe and gratitude for the beauty of her, the perfection. 父亲低头看着小床里睡得正熟的女儿，女儿出生没几天，刚从医院回家。她的漂亮和完美使他心中充满了敬畏和感激。
 The baby opens her eyes and stares
 The father calls her name, expecting that she will turn her head and look at him.
Her eyes don't move. 父亲叫她的名字，期待着她转头看他。她的
 He picks up a furry little toy attached to the rail of the crib and shakes it, ringing the bell it contains. The baby's eyes don't move. 他拿起系在婴儿床围栏上的小绒毛玩具摇起来，玩具上的响铃发出叮叮当当的声音。孩子的眼睛还是一动不动。
 His heart has begun to beat rapidly. He
finds his wife in their bedroom and tells her what just happened. "She doesn't seem to respond to noise at all," he says. "It's as if
she can't hear." 他的心跳开始加速。他在卧室里找到了妻子并把刚刚发生的事告诉了她。“她似乎对声音毫无反应，”他说。“好像她根本听不到。”
 "I'm sure she's all right," the wife says,
pulling her dressing gown around her. Together they go into the baby's room. “我敢肯定她一切正常，”妻子说着，一边披上晨衣。他们一起走进了婴儿的房间。
 She calls the baby's name, jingles the bell, claps her hands. Then she picks up the baby, who immediately becomes lively and makes happy sounds. 她叫着孩子的名字，把铃摇得叮当响，还拍手。随后她把孩子抱起来，这时孩子一下子变得活泼起来并发出开心的声音。
 "My God," the father says. "She's deaf." “天哪,” 父亲说，“她是个聋子。”
 "No, she's not," the mother says. "I “不，不会的，” 母亲说, “我是说，现在这么
mean, it's too soon to say a thing like that. Look, she's brand-new. Her eyes don't even
 "But there wasn't the slightest
movement, even when you clapped as hard
as you could." “可是刚才你那么用力地拍手，她都没有一点
 The mother takes a book from the
shelf. "Let's read what's in the baby book," she says. She looks up "hearing" and reads out loud: " 'Don't be alarmed if your
newborn fails to be startled by loud noises or fails to turn toward sound. Reactions to sound often take some time to develop. Your pediatrician can test your child's
 "There," the mother says. "Doesn't
that make you feel better?" “瞧,”母亲说道，“这是不是让你感觉好多
 "Not much," the father says. "It doesn't even mention the other possibility, that the baby is deaf. And all I know is that my baby doesn't hear a thing. I've got the worst feeling about this. Maybe it's because my grandfather was deaf. If that beautiful baby is deaf and it's my fault, I'll never
 "Hey, wait a minute," says the wife. "You're worrying too much. We'll call the pediatrician first thing Monday. In the meantime, cheer up. Here, hold the baby while I fix her blanket. It's all pulled out." “嗨，等等，” 妻子说。“你太多虑了。星期一我们第一件要做的事就是给儿科大夫打电话。现在，高兴点儿吧。来，抱着孩子，我
 The father takes the baby but gives her back to his wife as soon as he can. All weekend he finds himself unable to prepare for next week's work. He follows his wife around the house, thinking about the baby's hearing and about the way deafness would ruin her life. He imagines only the worst: no hearing, no development of language, his beautiful child cut off from society, locked in a soundless world. By Sunday night he has
sunk into despair.
 The mother leaves a message with the pediatrician's answering service asking for 母亲在儿科医生的代接电话服务处留了言，预约星期一一大早与医生见面。周末则用来
an early appointment Monday. She spends the weekend doing her exercises, reading,
and trying to calm her husband. 让自己锻炼、阅读并尽力安慰丈夫。
 The pediatrician's tests are reassuring, but the father's spirits remain low. Not until a week later, when the baby shows her first startle to the loud sound of a passing truck, does he begin to recover and
enjoy his new daughter again. 医生检查的结果令人安慰，但父亲的情绪依然低落。直到一周后，当孩子听到过路卡车的巨响而第一次感到吃惊时，他这才开始情绪好转，并又感到和新生女儿在一起的乐趣
 This father and mother have two different ways of looking at the world. Whenever something bad happens to him —a call from the bank manager, a disagreement with his wife, even a frown from his employer —he imagines the worst: bankruptcy, jail, divorce , and dismissal . He is prone to depression ; he often feels extremely tired; his health suffers. She, on the other hand, sees bad events in their least threatening light . To her, they are temporary challenges to be overcome. After a reversal , she bounces back quickly, and finds all her energy again. Her
health is excellent.
 The optimists and the pessimists : I have been studying them for the past twenty-five years. The defining
characteristic of pessimists is that they tend to believe bad events will last a long time, will undermine everything they do, and are their own fault. The optimists, who are confronted with the same hard knocks of this world, think about misfortune in the opposite way. They tend to believe defeat is just a temporary setback , that its causes are confined to this one case. The optimists believe defeat is not their fault: circumstances, bad luck, or other people brought it about. Such people are not bothered by defeat. Confronted by a bad situation, they perceive it as a challenge
and try harder.
 These two habits of thinking about 这两种考虑问题起因的习惯会产生不同的结
causes have consequences . Literally
hundreds of studies show that pessimists give up more easily and get depressed more often. These experiments also show that optimists do much better in school and at work. They regularly exceed the predictions of aptitude tests. When optimists run for office, they are more apt to be elected than pessimists are. Their health is unusually good. Evidence suggests they
may even live longer.
 Twenty-five years of study has
convinced me that if we habitually believe,
as does the pessimist, that misfortune is our
fault, is enduring , and will undermine
everything we do, more of it will happen to
us than if we believe otherwise. I am also
convinced that if we are in the grip of this
view, we will get depressed easily, we will
accomplish less than our potential , and
we will even get physically sick more often.
Pessimistic prophecies are self-fulfilling .
( 942 words)
Beauty and the Beast
 There was once a very rich merchant who
had six children, three sons and three daughters. He gave his daughters everything they wanted, but they were very conceited and spoiled, except for the youngest, whom they called Beauty. She was as beautiful as she was sweet, and her two sisters were
consumed with jealousy. 从前有一位非常富有的商人，他有六个孩子，三个儿子和三个女儿。他满足女儿想要的一切，但是，除了小女儿，两个大女儿都非常自高自大，被宠坏了。小女儿名叫“美女”。她既美丽又温柔，两个姐姐为
 One terrible day the merchant learned that he had lost all of his money, and the
family was forced to move from their luxurious mansion in town to a small house in the country. The sons immediately helped their father with the outside chores. Poor Beauty, she had never lived without servants. Now she had to get up before sunrise to light the fire and make the food and clean the house. But she soon grew accustomed to it and said, "Crying won't improve the situation. I must try to make myself happy." Her sisters, on the other hand, stayed in bed till noon and were annoyed that Beauty was not as miserable as
they were. 在一个倒霉的日子里，商人得知自己损失了所有的钱，全家人被迫从城里的豪宅搬到乡下一个小房子去住。三个儿子立即帮
 A year later, the father received a letter that one of his lost ships had been found and had arrived filled with merchandise for him. Everyone was delighted because they would once again be rich. As the merchant left, the two older daughters begged their father to bring them home all sorts of precious jewels and elegant gowns. "And what does my Beauty want?" the father asked. "Oh, I need nothing, but if you could bring me a rose, I 一年后，这位父亲收到一封信，告知他有一艘失踪的船已被找到，并满载货物而归。全家人都很高兴，因为他们又要变得富有了。在商人离家前，两个大女儿恳求父亲给她们带回各种各样珍贵的首饰和漂亮衣服。“那么我的美女想要什么呢?”父亲问道。“哦，我什么都不需要，但是如果您能带给我一朵玫瑰，我会非常感激的，”她说。当然，美女并不需要玫瑰，只是她想，为了不使自己看上去似乎在批评两个姐姐的
would be most appreciative," she said. Of
course, Beauty did not need the rose, but she
thought she had better ask for something so
as not to appear to be criticizing her sisters'
 The merchant reached the harbor, but
alas, the vessel had sunk, consequently he
was still as poor as before. On the way home
he got lost in a forest, and it began to snow. "I shall die of the cold or be eaten by wolves and never see my dear children again," he reflected sadly. Suddenly, he saw a huge mansion with all the lights on. He knocked at the door, but no one answered. He entered only to find a large fire burning in the fireplace and a table set with delicious food. He waited a long time for the owner to appear, but no one came. He was starving, so he finally ate a bit of the food. He then found a bedroom where he fell fast asleep. The next morning he was astonished to find a brand-new suit of clothes laid out for him and a fresh breakfast awaiting him. "This must be the castle of some fairies," he thought, and so he said a loud "thank you" and left. He was surprised to see that the snow had disappeared and that there was a lovely garden filled with rosebushes. "I shall take just one rose for my Beauty," he said, but as he cut the rose he heard a loud and terrible voice. He saw an ugly monster who said, "Ungrateful man! I have saved your life and in return you steal my roses. You must die!" But the merchant begged the Beast not to kill him for the sake of his children. The Beast seemed interested when he learned of Beauty and her request for the rose. "Then you must ask her to come here in place of you. You will have three months. Return home, and if she will not come then you must return. However you will not depart empty-handed. Return to your room and you will find a chest of gold," the Beast said. "Well, if I must die, at least I shall not leave my children destitute," thought the father, and he took the chest of gold and 商人来到了港口，但是天哪，船已经沉没了，结果他依然贫穷如前。回家时，他在
 "Here, Beauty," he said, "take this rose. Little do you know how that rose will cost your unhappy father his life. " And he related his
adventure with the Beast.
 Beauty immediately insisted on returning to the home of the Beast to save her father's life and would hear no arguments. On the day of her departure her sisters rubbed their eyes with onions, pretending to be sad that she was
leaving and would probably die.
 When the merchant and Beauty arrived at
the palace, it was lit exactly as before. The fire was roaring and the table was magnificently set. "Oh, the Beast intends to fatten me before he kills me," thought Beauty. Despite her fears she acted cheerful and brave for her father. Suddenly they heard a horrible noise, and the Beast appeared. "Have you come here willingly?" the Beast asked. "Yes," trembled Beauty. "Good, then say farewell to your father." The grief-stricken merchant was thus forced to leave his daughter and return home. 当商人和美女到达那所宫殿时，灯火依旧通明。火旺旺地烧着，桌子上摆满了精美佳肴。“哦，野兽想先把我养肥了再杀死我，”美女想。尽管害怕，为了父亲她仍然表现得振作而又勇敢。突然他们听到一个可怕的声音，野兽出现了。“你是心甘情愿
 Beauty was sure that the Beast would eat her that night. She was surprised to find "Beauty's Apartment" engraved on a gold plate over the door of her bedroom. The room was full of magnificent furniture and the shelves were lined with all the books that she loved. There was a piano for her to play. Inside
one of the books was written,
Welcome Beauty, banish fear, You are queen
and mistress here.
Speak your wishes, speak your will, Swift obedience meets them still. 美女肯定野兽会在那天晚上把她吃掉。（因此）当她发现卧室门的上方有一块刻着“美女房间”的金牌子时非常惊讶。
书里还写着： 欢迎美女，不要害怕， 你是这儿的王后、
说出你的愿望，说出你的意愿， 你的心愿，马上就会实现。  "With all this magnificence, I don't suppose the Beast will eat me soon," she said,
and felt less afraid.
“这一切都这么豪华，我想野兽不会很快吃掉我的，”她说，于是她不太害怕了。  The next night the Beast came to the dinner table and said, "Beauty, will you let me watch you eat? If my presence bothers you I will leave. Tell me, do you think I am very ugly?" And Beauty said, "Yes," because she 第二天晚上野兽来到餐桌前说：“美女，能让我看着你吃饭好吗?如果我在场会打扰你，我就离开。告诉我，你是否觉得我很丑?”美女说“是的”，因为她不会说谎，但她补充说：“但我认为你心地非常善良。”
could not lie, however she added, "but I think you are very good-natured." They talked, and Beauty started to feel very calm until the Beast said, "Beauty, will you be my wife?" Although she did not want to make the Beast angry, she said, "No." The Beast began to howl and sadly said, "Then, farewell, Beauty,"
and left the room.
 For three months the same thing happened each night at dinner. Beauty began to look forward to these visits and lost her fear of the Beast's deformity, but every night, before he left, he asked the same question:
"Beauty, will you be my wife?"
三个月的时间里，每天吃晚饭时都发生同样的事情。美女开始期待这些见面，而且野兽的丑陋所引起的恐惧感也消失了，但是每天晚上，在离开之前，野兽都问同样的问题：“美女，你愿意嫁给我吗?”  "Oh, Beast, I wish I could consent to marry you. I shall always consider you a great friend, but I do not love you."
 "But will you promise to never leave
me?" the Beast asked.
 "Oh, Beast, I am so worried about my dear father, and I miss him so."
 "Ah, then you will leave, and the Beast will die of grief."
 "Oh, no," said Beauty. "If you let me visit my father, I promise I will return and live with you forever."
 "You shall be there tomorrow," said the Beast. "But remember, when you wish to return to me, you must lay your ring on the
table before you go to bed."
 The next morning, when Beauty awoke, she found herself in her father's home, and her room was filled with chests of gold and elegant silk gowns from the Beast. Everyone was
overjoyed to see her except her cold-hearted sisters. They were consumed with jealousy, nevertheless they pretended to be happy and begged her to stay as long as she could. On the tenth night Beauty had a dream in which she saw the Beast lying in his garden, dying. She awoke in tears. "Oh, how ungrateful I am. Is it his fault that he is so very ugly? He has 第二天早晨，当美女醒来时，发觉自己已在父亲家里，而且房间里满是一箱箱的金子和漂亮高雅的绸缎礼服，都是野兽送给她的。除了两个狠心的姐姐，所有人见了
been so kind and generous to me. Why did I not consent to marry him?" Then she got out of bed, put her ring on the table, and went back to sleep. The next morning she awoke in the Beast's castle. She put on her most beautiful gown and waited for him to come. After dinner, when he still hadn't appeared, she remembered the dream and ran to the garden, where she found him lying on the ground, almost dead. She bent over him, crying and hugging him. "Oh, Beast, please do not die! Live and be my husband." At those words she saw bright flashes of light and heard music, and, instead of the hideous beast, she saw one of the loveliest princes that she had ever laid eyes on. He thanked her for putting an end to the horrible spell that had been cast over him by a wicked witch. Then a fairy appeared waving a wand, and Beauty's entire family appeared. The fairy smiled and said,
"Beauty, you have made a wise choice because you have chosen virtue over beauty. You and the prince shall live happily ever after." Then the fairy turned to Beauty's two sisters and said, "You who are so consumed by envy and jealousy, you will be transformed into two statues of stone but still retain your reason. You will stand at the door of Beauty's castle, and it will be your punishment to observe her daily happiness until the day you
die." ( 1,514 words) 到床上睡着了。第二天早晨醒来时她已在野兽的城堡里了。她穿上最漂亮的礼服，等待野兽到来。晚饭过后，野兽仍然没有露面，这时她想起了那个梦，急忙跑到花园里，发现野兽躺在地上，就要死了。她
Robley Wilson, Jr.
 He is waiting at the airline ticket counter when he first notices the young woman. She
has glossy black hair pulled tightly into a knot at the back of her head—the man imagines it loosened and falling to the small of her back—and carries over the shoulder of her leather coat a heavy black purse. She wears black boots of soft leather. He struggles to see her face—she is ahead of him in line—but it is not until she has bought her ticket and turns to walk away that he realizes her beauty, which is pale and dark-eyed and full-mouthed, and which quickens his heartbeat. She seems aware that he is staring at her and lowers her
gaze abruptly. 他最早注意到那位年轻女子是在航空售票处排队的时候。她那头油黑的头发在脑后紧紧地盘了个髻——他想象着发髻松开来，头发一直落到她的腰际的样子——她
 The airline clerk interrupts. The man gives up looking at the woman—he thinks she may be about twenty-five—and buys a round-trip, coach class ticket to an eastern city. 售票员打断了他。他不再盯着那女子，买了一张去东部某城市的双程经济舱机票，心里想着：那女子可能二十五岁左右。
 His flight leaves in an hour. To kill time, the man steps into one of the airport cocktail bars and orders a Scotch and water. While he sips it he watches the flow of travelers through the terminal—including a remarkable number, he thinks, of unmarried pretty women dressed in fashion magazine clothes—until he catches sight of the black-haired girl in the leather coat. She is standing near a Travelers Aid counter, deep in conversation with a second girl, a blonde in a cloth coat trimmed with gray fur. He wants somehow to attract the brunette's attention, to invite her to have a 他的航班一个小时后才起飞。为了打发时间，他进了机场的一家鸡尾酒吧，要了一
drink with him before her own flight leaves for wherever she is traveling, but even though he believes for a moment she is looking his way he cannot catch her eye from out of the shadows of the bar. In another instant the two women separate; neither of their directions is toward him. He orders a second Scotch and
 When next he sees her, he is buying a
magazine to read during the flight and he becomes aware that someone is pushing him. At first he is startled that anyone would be so close as to touch him, but when he sees who it
is he musters a smile. 再见到她时，他正在买一份飞机上看的杂志。意识到有人在推自己，他先是吓了一跳：居然有人会靠近得碰到自己！但是当他看清是谁时，挤出一个笑容。
 "Busy place," he says. “这地方真拥挤！”他说。
 She looks up at him—Is she blushing?—and an odd grimace crosses her mouth and vanishes. She moves away from him and joins the crowds in the terminal. 那女子抬头看看他——脸红了吗？——她怪怪地撇了一下嘴角，但很快就恢复了正常。然后她离开他，汇入了候机厅的人流
 The man is at the counter with his
magazine, but when he reaches into his back pocket for his wallet the pocket is empty. Where could I have lost it? He thinks. His mind begins enumerating the credit cards, the currency, the membership and identification cards; his stomach churns with something very like fear. The girl who was so near to me, he thinks—and all at once he understands that she has picked his pocket. 那男人还拿着杂志站在柜台前，但当他伸
 What is he to do? He still has his ticket, safely tucked inside his coat—he reaches into the jacket to feel the envelope, to make sure. He can take the flight, call someone to pick him up at his destination—since he cannot even afford bus fare—conduct his business and fly home. But in the meantime he will have to do something about the lost credit
cards—call home, have his wife get the numbers out of the top desk drawer, phone the card companies—so difficult a process, the whole thing suffocating. What shall he do? 他该做什么呢？他的机票还在，安全地藏在上衣的内兜里——为了证实一下，他把手伸进茄克摸了摸装票的信封。他可以乘坐这个航班，到了目的地后，打电话叫人来接——因为他连公共汽车票也买不起了——然后办完生意，就飞回家。但在这期间，他还得处理一下失窃的信用卡——打电话回家，让妻子从桌子的第一个抽屉里找到号码，再打电话给信用卡公司——这程序真费劲，整个事情都让人感到憋气。
 First: Find a policeman, tell what has happened, describe the young woman; damn 首先：找到一个警察，告诉他所发生的事，向他描述那女人。该死的，他想，做出关
her, he thinks, for seeming to be attentive to him, to let herself stand so close to him, to blush prettily when he spoke —and all the time she wanted only to steal from him. And her blush was not shyness but the anxiety of being caught; that was most disturbing of all. Damned deceitful creatures. He will spare the policeman the details —just tell what she has done, what is in the wallet. He grits his teeth. He will probably never see his wallet again. 注他的样子，如此地与他靠近，在他说话时又脸红得如此迷人——一直想的却是偷他的钱包。她脸红不是害羞的缘故，而是担心被抓住，这才是最叫人心烦的。骗人的家伙，都见鬼去吧。他会对警察略去这
 He is trying to decide if he should save time by talking to a guard near the X-ray
machines when he is appalled —and extremely happy —to see the black-haired girl. She is seated against a front window of the terminal, taxis and private cars moving slowly beyond her in the gathering darkness; she seems interested in a book. A seat beside her is
empty, and the man occupies it. 他正在犹豫是否应节省时间去跟X 光仪器
旁的警卫谈时，却吃惊地——又极端高兴地——见到了那位黑发女子。她正背靠着候机厅正面的一扇玻璃窗坐着，出租车和私家车在越来越暗的暮色中慢慢地从她身后驶过；她似乎正专心在看一本书。她旁边的位置是空的，他就过去坐了下来。  "I've been looking for you," he says. “我一直在找你，”他说。
 She glances at him with no sort of recognition. "I don't know you," she says.
“我不认识你，”她说。  "Sure you do."
 She sighs and puts the book aside. "Is this all you characters think about —picking up girls like we were stray animals? What do you think I am?"
 "You lifted my wallet," he says. He is pleased to have said "lifted," thinking it sounds more worldly than stole or took or
even ripped off.
走”，甚至“抢走”要老练得多。  "I beg your pardon?" the girl says. “你说什么？”那女子问道。
 "I know you did —at the magazine counter. If you'll just give it back, we can forget the whole thing. If you don't, then I'll
hand you over to the police."
 She studies him, her face serious, "All right," she says. She pulls the black bag onto her lap, reaches into it and draws out a wallet.
 He takes it from her. "Wait a minute," he says. "This isn't mine."
 The girl runs; he runs after her. It is like 那女孩跑了，他向她追去。就像电影里的
a scene in a movie—bystanders scattering, the girl zigzagging to avoid collisions, the sound of his own breathing reminding him how old he is—until he hears a woman's voice behind
 "Stop, thief! Stop that man!" “站住，小偷！抓住他！”
 Ahead of him the brunette disappears
around a corner and in the same moment a young man in a marine uniform puts out a foot to trip him up. He falls hard, banging knee and elbow on the tile floor of the terminal, but manages to hang on to the wallet which is not
 The wallet is a woman's, fat with money and credit cards from different stores, and it belongs to the blonde in the fur-trimmed
coat—the blonde he has earlier seen in conversation with the criminal brunette. She, too, is breathless, as is the policeman with
 "That's him," the blonde girl says. "He
lifted my wallet." “就是他，”那女郎说道，“他拿走了我的钱
 It occurs to the man that he cannot even
prove his own identity to the policeman. 他此时才想到自己连向这位警察证明身份的事都不可能做到。
 Two weeks later—the embarrassment
and rage have diminished, the family lawyer has been paid, the confusion in his household has receded—the wallet turns up without explanation in one morning's mail. It is intact, no money is missing, all the cards are in place. Though he is relieved, the man thinks that for the rest of his life he will feel guilty around policemen, and ashamed in the presence of
women. ( 1,148 words) 两个星期后——尴尬和气愤已经消了，家庭律师的费用付了，家中的混乱也平息了
Summer Job Planning
 Assuming that you know what you want
to do after college—and you may be considered shortsighted these days if you have not picked a career by the time you enter college—you should start thinking about a job even before you graduate. 假设你知道自己大学毕业后想干什么（现今，如果进了大学你还没选中一种职业，也许会被看成目光短浅），你早在毕业前就应该考虑找一份工作了。
 What companies or organizations have the job you want? Let's say you majored in
English or history and you want to write a great novel. You need a job to support and educate you. You have to select from a list of several possibilities, not unlike choosing an option from the "menu" on the screen of a personal computer. Your options might
A. Working for a publishing company
B. Writing for a scientific company
C. Working for a public relations firm
D. Going to graduate school to postpone the
E. None of these 假定你的专业是英文或历史，你想要写一部了不起的小说，那么你需要一份工作来支付生活和教育费用。你必须从一系列的可能性中进行选择，就像你从个人电脑屏幕的“菜单”中挑一个选项一样。
 If you select option A, for example, it would be a good idea to write letters while
you are in college to a dozen or more publishing houses and ask for an interview with the personnel director. If you happen to have a contact such as an editor who might be willing to meet with you, so much the
 Make every effort to have an interview. You should be familiar with the company before your interview and your aim should be to express to the personnel manager your 要想方设法争取面试机会。在面试前你应该熟悉这家公司，而面试的目的是向人事经理表达自己在这家公司工作的兴趣。你可以打听是否能做暑期工(可能的话，要有
interest in working for the company. You might ask if a summer job (with pay, if possible) or an internship is available. In many cases interns do receive a small stipend; in others no pay is offered. 酬劳)或实习生。在很多情况下实习生有少量薪水，但也有无报酬的情况。
 It is important at this stage of your life to
find a summer job that will enhance your future career. If you cannot find one in your field, then the alternative is to take another type of summer job—lifeguard, housepainter, landscaper, waitress, or worker in a retail store or supermarket. These jobs tend to pay quite well, and you can save enough for many college expenses. That aspect has to be weighed against the fact that they might not help your career plans. Any summer job that requires hard work and a certain amount of responsibility is good for your résumé.
Naturally if the job is career-oriented, it
makes better reading. 在人生的这一阶段，找一个能促进未来事业的暑期工作很重要。如果在自己的专业领域找不到工作，那么你可以选另一类暑期工作——救生员、房屋油漆工、园林工、女招待、或者零售店或超市的工作人员。这些工作通常薪酬优厚，你可以存下足够的钱应付大学里的很多开销；但这些工作可能无助于你的择业规划，你必须在这两个方面权衡一下。任何一个需要你付出艰苦努力以及要求有一定责任心的暑期工作，写在你的简历上都是好的。要是这份工作与将来的事业相关，你的简历看起来
 One day on the commuter train, I was sitting in front of two high school girls, and
one said to the other, "My college education won't cost my father one cent. At least I don't think so." She explained that she had been working weekends, summers, and Christmas and spring vacations as a waitress in a restaurant. Her tips were so good she had saved up $10,000. She planned to go to Rutgers University, commuting from home. If she continued working through college she figured she could graduate without debt and
go to graduate school. 有一天，在上下班乘坐的火车上，我坐在两位女中学生的前面。其中一个女孩对另一个说：“我上大学不会花我父亲一分钱。至少我觉得不会。”她解释说，周末、暑假、圣诞节和春假她都在一家餐馆当服务员。她的小费很可观，她已存下了一万美元。她计划上拉特格斯大学，住在家里走读。如果她在大学期间继续打工，她估计不用借债就能毕业并上研究生院。
 When I started looking for a summer job in college I found that the only organization that would hire me (except for restaurants) was Filene's, the big Boston department store that operated a summer branch on Cape Cod, where my family vacationed. During my freshman year at college I paid a visit to the Northampton, Mass. branch, a year-round
operation. I asked for a job selling on Saturdays and a job the following summer. I 我在大学期间开始寻找暑期工作的时候，我发现除餐馆外唯一愿意雇我的单位是法林百货公司——波士顿的一家大百货公司，它在科德角开了家夏季分店，我的家人就在那儿度假。我在大学一年级时，去过马萨诸塞州北安普敦的分店，是全年营业的。我申请在周六以及接下来的暑假当售货员，当场就被录用了。那年夏天，北安普敦分店的经理负责管理科德角分店的夏季营业，她要我过去做营业员。
was hired on the spot. The following summer the manager of the Northampton shop
assumed management of the Cape Cod branch for the summer, and she asked me to come along as a salesgirl.
 All through college I earned expense money by working for Filene's on the Cape during the summer months and on Saturdays
and sale days during the college year. I also planned and wrote copy for the advertisements that Filene's ran in our college newspaper during the winter, and an art major did the drawings based on my ideas. By the time I was a senior I knew that I did not want to go into retailing, but it was my hedge against the future. I knew from conversations with the store manager that if I could not find a newspaper reporting job I could find a spot on the Filene's training squad, and use that step toward a writing job. —From The New York Times Career Planner
( 702 words) 大学期间，我都为法林公司在科德角的分店工作，包括暑期、学期当中的周六和大减价时，赚取了我整个大学期间的生活支
 As far as I'm concerned, I do tend to judge people I meet by their accents. I don't mean that I'm a sort of snob, and only like people with upper-class accents, but I never feel comfortable with a new person until I've been able to place them from the way they speak. If it's an English person, I feel much more at ease if I can say "Ah, he comes from Liverpool", or "He's probably been to a public school". I suppose then I know what to talk about and what to expect from the other
 The same is true of foreigners.
Personally, I prefer a foreigner to speak with a recognizable foreign accent, so that I know that I'm talking to a Frenchman, a Ghanaian, a Pole, and so on. So for me, it seems a bit pointless for foreigners to try desperately hard to get rid of their national accent and try to speak BBC English. If someone is clearly French, I know there's no point in talking about cricket or making jokes about the Irish. And frankly, I think it even sounds more attractive. I can't really explain why, but if a person has a foreign accent, they seem to be more interesting, even if they are saying the
most ordinary things. （如果）对方是外国人，也一样。就个人而言，我喜欢外国人说话带点明显的口音，这样我就知道自己是在和法国人、加纳人、波兰人或别的什么国家的人交谈。所以对我来说，外国人花大力气改掉自己的本族语口音，想方设法去说标准英语，似乎是毫无意义的。如果对方很明显是法国人，我就知道没有必要（与他）谈论板球或开爱尔兰人的玩笑。坦率地说，我觉得外国口音更吸引人。我无法解释为什么，但如果说话者带有外国口音，那么即便是说最最普通的事，也会显得妙趣横生。
 Mind you, there is a limit to intelligibility.
If the accent is so strong that you have a struggle to understand what they are trying to say, then that gets in the way of the conversation, and the flow is broken while you try to sort out the sounds into meaningful bits. I don't mean an accent as strong as that. I'm talking about the kind of accent whereby you can tell immediately which country the person comes from, but which doesn't prevent you from following what they are saying. I suppose it's the kind of accent most foreigners have, really. To be honest, it's only a very few who have such a good ear that they produce more or less genuine British
English, and even then it can be quite amusing because they may have picked up a clearly regional accent, or even a very upper-class accent which doesn't fit in with their character at all. But most foreigners who learn English are desperately keen to get rid of their foreign accents and waste a lot of
time trying to do so.人听懂。如果口音太重，你非得费劲地去弄明白对方想要说什么，就会妨碍谈话的进行，而且交谈也就无法连贯，（因为）你得设法把对方的声音整理成能够明白的话语。我所指的并非是这么重的口音，而是那种让你马上明白对方是哪国人，但又不妨碍你听懂他的话的那种口音。我认为大多数外国人都有这样的口音，真的。老实说，只有极少数听觉特别灵敏、模仿能力极强的人才能说还算纯正的英国英语。即使能够那样，他们的英语听起来也会很好笑，因为他们可能学会的是一种非常明显的地方口音，甚至是与自己的气质特点完全不相称的上流社会口音。但是大多数学英语的外国人都非常热衷于去掉自己的外国口音，并且为此浪费了很多时间。
 On the other hand, I've got to sympathize with them and even admire them, because I speak quite reasonable French myself, and I'm always very pleased when I'm taken for a Frenchman and feel quite discouraged when someone immediately spots that I'm English. But there again, to my ear, French spoken with an English accent sounds really ugly, and I feel uncomfortable when I hear a fellow countryman murdering the language. So I suppose foreigners feel the same way when they hear compatriots doing the same to English. However, I have been told by French friends that French spoken with a certain degree of English accent doesn't offend their ears at all, and in fact sounds quite charming.
I've been told that Petula Clark was a successful singer in France partly because of her English accent, and I suppose that one of the most celebrated French speakers of
English was that actor, Maurice Chevalier, who made a career out of sounding French and who could probably have spoken it with much less of an accent if he had really wanted
 I contrast him with a French friend of mine who obviously had a gift for languages,
and was always being taken for a
well-educated Englishman when I was with him in England. Because of the way he spoke, my English friends assumed he knew all about certain facets of English life which you can only learn by living in the country for years. So he often had to ask me to explain things to him after an evening in the pub. I don't know how much time he had spent getting his accent right, but perhaps he could have spent his time better broadening his vocabulary and knowledge of the country. Now that English is such an international language, I think we should accept a wider range of accents and learners should
concentrate more on structure and
vocabulary than accent. ( 728 words) 我把他和我的一个显然很有语言天赋的法国朋友进行对比。我的这个法国朋友和我一起在英国的时候，总被人误认为是受过良好教育的英国人。因为他的说话方式，我的英国朋友便以为他对英国生活的某些方面非常了解，而这些只有在英国生活多年才会了解的。因而夜里从酒吧回来以后，他经常得让我解释一些事情给他听。我不知道他花了多少时间纠正口音，但或许他更应该花时间扩大词汇量和加强对英国的了解。既然英语是这样一种国际性的语言，我认为我们应该接受更多的口音，而学习者更应该注重（语言）结构和词汇的学习而不是口音（的纯正）。