生理学第二章 细胞的基本功能试题及答案

第二章 细胞的基本功能

【测试题】

一、名词解释

1.液态镶嵌模型(fluid mosaic model)

2.单纯扩散(simple diffusion)

3.经载体易化扩散(facilitated diffusion via carrier) 4.原发性主动转运(primary active transport)

5.继发性主动转运(secondary active transport)

6.出胞(exocytosis)

7.入胞(endocytosis)

8.配体(ligand)

9.化学门控通道(chemically-gated ion channel) 10.电压门控通道(voltage-gated ion channel)

11.机械门控通道(mechanically-gated ion channel) 12.电紧张电位(electrotonic potential)

13.静息电位(resting potential)

14.极化(polarization)

15.去极化(depolarization)

16.超极化(hyperpolarization)

17.复极化(repolarization)

18.电化学驱动力(electrochemical driving force)

19.动作电位(action potential)

20.锋电位(spike potential)

21.阈值(threshold)

22.阈电位(threshold potential)

23.局部电位(local potential)

24.兴奋性(excitability)

25.终板电位(endplate potential)

26.量子式释放(quantal release)

27.兴奋-收缩耦联(excitation-contraction coupling)

28.横桥周期(cross-bridge cycling)

29.钙触发钙释放(CICR)

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