《大学英语1》复习资料高媛

河北经贸大学继续教育学院

2018年《大学英语1》

课程考试复习材料

第一部分

语言应用(Language in use)

【答题要求】:本部分共30个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请你从A、

B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项每题选择一个最佳答案。

1.—I’m afraid_________.My friend is waiting for me over there.

—See you then.

A.I must be leaving now

B.I want to stop now

C.I have no time to talk

D.I will go home

2.—I’d like to take you to the Museum of Modern Art?

—__________________

A.Thanks,I’d like to go with you.

B.No.I care it.

C.Thank you.You shouldn’t do that.

D.Yes,I have visited it.

3.What do you think of the drum performance?

______________________

A.I’m fine.

B.I don’t mind.

C.I don’t care about it.

D.It’s too noisy.I can’t stand it.

4.Excuse me,sir.Where is Dean Lee’s office?

______________________

A.You can’t ask me.

B.Pardon?I have no idea.

C.Please don’t say so.

D.Sorry,I don’t know.I just came here.

5.Can I speak to Mr.Li?

______________________

A.No,you can’t.

B.Sorry,but he isn’t in at the moment.

C.No.I can’t find him at the moment.

D.Who are you?

6.I think it would be a good idea to play table tennis after class.

_____________________

A.It’s my favorite.

B.It doesn’t.

C.I am with you.

D.Yes,let’s go.

7.____________________

I’m very worried about my oral English test.

A.Why are you so depressed?

B.Why are so excited?

C.What you doing?

D.Did you do well in your English test?

8.What’s up?

___________________

A.It’s up to me.

B.I’ve failed my math exam.

B.A bird is flying up. D.The child is growing up.

9.Do you know who will be our new dean?

___________________

A.No,I don’t believe in the election.

B.It has not been decided yet.

C.Sorry,I can’t figure out.

D.I don’t care.

10.I think your Chinese dinner is wonderful,Mrs.Wei.

____________________

A.Oh,I didn’t cook very well.

B.I’m glad you enjoyed it.

C.You can come anytime.

D.It’s too polite for you to say so.

11.What do you think of the weather here?

_____________________

A.I’m cold.

B.It’s too hot.I can’t stand it.

C.You should say sorry to her

D.I never think about it.

12.I don’t know whether to take up law or medicine.

____________________

A.I don’t know either.

B.I’ll tell you.

C.I think you’d better take up law.

D.That’s all right.

13.___________________

Yes,I got a raise.

A.You are in a good mood today.

B.You look bad.

C.Why are you so happy?

D.Are you mad?

14.I passed the exam!

____________________

A.That sounds good.

B.Really!It’s out of my expectation.

C.I’m delighted to hear that.

D.Not failed?

15.What do you think of his suggestion?

____________________

A.No,I don’t believe it.

B.It’s hard to say,actually.

C.Sorry,I can’t remember her.

D.I never think of it.

16.What’s your favorite hobby?

____________________

A.I hate sports.

B.I don’t care for music.

C.I like dancing.

D.Yes,I have a hobby.

17.Hi,Sam.How’s it going?

_________________

A.It’s OK.How about you?

B.Going well.

C.Not bad.

D.Just so-so.

18.Hi.I’m your new neighbor.My name is Phil Steward.

____________________

A.Oh,you are my new neighbor.

B.Where are you from?

C.Hi,it’s good to see you.I’m Bob Peterson.

D.Do you live alone?

19.May I have your name,please?

______________________

A.I’d rather not.

B.Yes,you may.

C.Jane Edwin.

D.No,please don’t.

20.Let me introduce myself.I’m Albert.

______________________

A.What a pleasure.

B.It’s my pleasure.

C.I’m very pleased.

D.Pleased to meet you.

21.It’s getting late.I’m afraid I must go now.

Ok.______________________

A.Take it easy.

B.Go slowly.

C.Stay longer.

D.See you.

22.Good night and thanks for everything.

______________________

A.You can’t say that.

B.No,no.It’s what I can do.

C.How can you say that?

D.Good night.

23._____________________

Why not stay for another cup of tea?

A.I’d better leave now.

B.See you some time later.

C.I’m pleased to meet you.

D.I’m sorry I’m not free now.

24.Lily,did you have a good weekend?

____________________

A.Oh,that’s very nice of you.

B.Thanks for caring.

C.It’s a pleasure.

D.Yes,it was wonderful.

25.Do you care for modern music?

___________________

A.No.I like classical.

B.Yes.I care it.

C.No.It’s not my like.

D.Yes.I hear it.

26._________________

I’m suffering from a stomachache.

A.Are you feeling better?

B.What’s troule with you?

C.Is there wrong with you?

D.What’s the matter with you?

27.________________

I’m very worried about my mother’s health.

A.Why are you so excited?

B.Why are you in poor spirits?

C.What are you doing?

D.Is your mother fine?

28.What’s up?

_______________

A.It's up to me.

B.Jenny is up.

C.Look,a kite is up.

D.I’ve lost my bike.

29.I believe we’ve met somewhere before.

_______________

A.No,it isn’t the same.

B.No,it can’t be true.

C.No,I don’t think so.

D.No,I’d rather not.

30.Do you think living in the country has advantages?

_______________

A.Yes,perfectly.

B.Yes,it is.

C.Well,that depends.

D.Nothing at all.

第二部分

词汇与语法(Vocabulary and grammar)

【答题要求】:本部分包括30个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请你从A、

B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项从每题4个选项中选择1个最佳答案。

1.She got married while she was stil________.

A.in her teen

B.in her teens

C.a teen

D.teenager

2.Two_________died of cold last weeek.

A.hundreds of old people

B.hundred old people

C.hundredth of old peopley

D.hundreds old people

3._____the news that the enemy ceased fire,they were excited to tears.

A.Hearing

B.Hear

C.To hear

D.Heard

4.He didn’t find the dictionary_____was kept the only photo of his daughter.

A.which

B.that

C.in which

D.in that

5.The dress I bought in the market is inferior in quality________that similar one sold in the store.

A.as

B.to

C.than

D.with

6.John was so drunk that he fell off the bike and________by the roadside until the next morning.

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/facbcc0403768e9951e79b89680203d8cf2f6a6c.htmlid

B.lied

C.had lain

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7.If only we________the last lesson given by Mr.Black last Wednesday!

A.attended

B.have attended

C.attend

D.had attended

8.Great emphasis is attached to how to_______our natural resources.

A.make out of

B.make up of

C.make of

D.make the most of

9.Teachers are usually compared________candles that burn themselves in order to englighten other.

A.to

B.with

C.for

D.up

10.________the speakers hidden in the grass,the light music has created a relaxing atmoshpere.

A.With

B.When

C.While

D.As

11.The speaker,_______for her splendid speeches,was warmly received by the audience.

A.having known

B.knowing

C.known

D.being known

12.The boss gave John________when he was working during the spring festival

A.the double usual pay

B.the usual double pay

C.double the usual pay

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/facbcc0403768e9951e79b89680203d8cf2f6a6c.htmlual the double pay

13.The quality of teaching should be measured by the degree_________the student’s potentiality is developed.

A.to which

B.of which

C.with which

D.in which

14.People who live in a small village are bound to see a good_______of each other..

A.sum

B.deal

C.amountl

D.quality

15.Science has brought_________many changes in our lives.

A.out

B.into

C.about

D.forword

16.A fixed________at others is an impolite behavior,which everyone is to be taught in their childhood.

A.glimpse

B.sight

C.watch

D.stare

17.The government has acted out a law to reduce the number of______into this country every year.

A.immigrates

B.emigrates

C.immigrants

D.emigrants

18.The eyes are one of the most______instruments of body language.

A.impression

B.impressed

C.expressive

D.expression

19.In life,there are enough times when we are disappointed,____and annoyed.

A.depress

B.depressed

C.depression

D.press

20.Some pop groups represented the anger and bitterness of youth_____for freedom against authority.

A.struggling

B.to struggle

C.struggle

D.struggled

21.Celine began singing when she was five and_____her first demo by the time she was12years old.

A.recorded

B.had recorded

C.have recorded

D.record

22.American university has recenlty set up a place storing historical records for TV commercials that________in the past.

A.had been used

B.had used

C.have been used

D.have usedt

23.We must not forget that advertising makes a positive contribution______our pockets.

A.on

B.to

C.with

D.in

24.Not until you begin to think in English_____Chinese can you be said to know the language.

A.other than

B.rather than

C.but also

D.more than

25.Gestures and body movements are______forms of expression and therefore they have a language of their own.

A.conscious

B.consciousness

C.unconscious

D.unconsciousness

26.Some even make big money______in advertisements for soft drinks,shoes,and even toiletries.

A.appears

B.appeared

C.to appear

D.appearing

27.Many support the former alternative,but personally I favor______.

A.the later

B.the latter

C.the late

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/facbcc0403768e9951e79b89680203d8cf2f6a6c.htmltter

28.It may rain,________the hike will be canceled.

A.in which case

B.in any case

C.in case

D.in many case

29.I’m sorry I cannot find______of the two books you lent me.

A.neither

B.either

C.each

D.any

30.New York and Boston are two of___seaports in the world.

A.the busier

B.the busiest

C.busier

D.busiest

第三部分

阅读理解(Reading comprehension)

【答题要求】本部分共10篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题,每个问题后有4个选项,请你从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项每篇5小题,每题选择1个正确答案。

Passage1

I was walking along the deserted main street of a small seaside town in the north of England looking somewhere to make

a phone call.My car had broken down outside the town and I wanted to get in touch with the Automobile Association.Low gray clouds were drifting across the sky and there was a cold damp wind blowing off the sea.It had rained in the night and water was dripping from the bare trees that lined the street.I was glad that I was wearing a thick coat.

There was no sign of a call box,nor was there anyone at that early hour I could ask.I had thought I might find a shop selling the Sunday papers or a milkman doing his job,but the town was completely dead.

Then suddenly I found what I was looking for.There was a small post office,and almost hidden from sight in a dark narrow street next to it was the town’s only public call box,which badly needed a coat of paint,I hurried forward but stopped in astonishment when I saw through the dirty glass that there was a man inside.He was very fat,and was wearing a cheap blue plastic raincoat and rubber boots.I could not see his face-he was bending forward over the phone with his back pressed against the glass and didn’t even raise his head at the sound of my coming nearer and nearer.Carefully and surprisedly,I remained standing a few feet away and lit a cigarette to wait my turn.It was when I threw the dead match on the ground that I noticed something bright red trickling from under the call box door.

1.The author was walking through the small seaside town__________.

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/facbcc0403768e9951e79b89680203d8cf2f6a6c.htmlte morning

B.early morning

C.before midnight

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/facbcc0403768e9951e79b89680203d8cf2f6a6c.htmlte evening

2.The weather of the day was________,when the story happened.

A.windy,cold and cloudy

B.stormy,damp and clear

C.rainy,cold and clear

D.rainy,windy and cold

3.Why was the author astonished when he saw that there was a man in the call box?

Because_______.

A.the man inside was still wearing a raincoat

B.he didn’t expect it to be taken up

C.the man had his back with him

D.the man did not seem to be moving

4.The author waited,standing a few feet away from the box because______.

A.it was not safe to be close to the box

B.the man didn’t notice his coming

C.he wanted to have a cigarette to calm himself down

D.it was bad manners to overhear other’s phone calls

5.What do you suppose happened to the man in the call box?

A.He slept.

B.He had most probably been killed.

C.He was lost in his important phone call.

D.He was too fat to move around.

Passage2

We experience different forms of the Sun’s energy every day.We can see its light and feel its warmth.The Sun is the major source of energy for our planet.It causes the evaporation of water from the oceans and lakes.Sunlight also provides the energy used by green plants to make their own food.These green plants then provide food for all organisms on the Earth.

Much of the energy that comes from the Sun never reaches the Earth’s surface.It is either reflected or absorbed by the gases in the upper atmosphere.Of the energy that reaches the lower atmosphere,30%is reflected by clouds or the Earth’s surface.The remaining70%warms the surface of the planet,causes water to evaporate,and provides energy for the water cycle and weather.Only a tiny part,approximately0.023%,is actually used by green plants to produce food.

Many gases found in the atmosphere actually reflect heat energy escaping from the Earth’s surface back to the Earth. These gases act like the glass of a greenhouse in that they allow energy from the Sun to enter but prevent energy from leaving. They are therefore called greenhouse gases.

When sunlight strikes an object,some of the energy is absorbed and some is reflected.The amount reflected depends on the surface.For example,you’ve probably noticed how bright snow is when sunlight falls on it.Snow reflects most of the energy from the Sun,so it contributes to the low temperatures of winter.Dark-coloured surfaces,such as dark soil or forest, absorb more energy and help warm the surrounding air.

6.Which of the following are forms of the Sun’s energy?

A.Sunlight and its heat.

B.Evaporation and cycle of water.

C.Greenhouse gases and greenhouse glasses.

D.White snow and dark forests.

7.According to the passage,the root cause for weather changes on the Earth is_________.

A.the atmosphere surrounding the Earth

B.water from oceans and lakes

C.energy from the Sun

D.greenhouse gases in the sky

8.Only a small part of the Sun’s energy reaches the Earth’s surface because most of it is_______.

A.absorbed by the clouds in the lower atmosphere

B.reflected by the gases in the upper atmosphere

C.lost in the upper and lower atmosphere

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/facbcc0403768e9951e79b89680203d8cf2f6a6c.htmled to evaporate water from the oceans and lakes

9.Greenhouse gases_______so that they warm the surface of the Earth.

A.help green plants to produce food

B.reflected heat energy escaping from the Earth’s surface back to the Earth

C.allow energy from the Sun to enter the atmosphere

D.prevent the energy from the sun from leaving the atmosphere

10.We learn from the passage that_________.

A.all living things on the Earth depend on the Sun for their food

B.a forest looks dark in winter because it absorbs solar energy

C.only0.023%of the energy from the Sun is made use of on the Earth

D.greenhouse gases allow heat energy to escape from the Earth’s surface

Passage3

This month,Germany’s transport minister,Alexander Dobrindt,proposed the first set of rules for autonomous vehicles. They would define the driver’s role in such cars and govern how such cars perform in crashes where lives might be lost.

The proposal attempts to deal with what some call the“death valley”of autonomous vehicles:the grey area between semi-autonomous and fully driverless cars that could delay the driverless future.

Dobrindt wants three things:that a car always chooses property damage over personal injury;that it never distinguishes between humans based on age or race;and that if a human removes his or her hands from the driving wheel—to check email, say—the car’s maker is responsible if there is a crash.

“The change to the road traffic law will permit fully automatic driving,”says Dobrindt.It will put fully driverless cars on an equal legal footing to human drivers,he says.

Who is responsible for the operation of such vehicles is not clear among car makers,consumers and lawyers.“The liability issue is the biggest one of them all,”says Natasha Merat at the University of Leeds,UK.

An assumption behind UK insurance for driverless cars,introduced earlier this year,insists that a human“be watchful and monitoring the road”at every moment.

But that is not what many people have in mind when thinking of driverless cars.“When you say‘driverless cars’,people expect driverless cars.”Merat says.“You know—no driver.”

Because of the confusion,Merat thinks some car makers will wait until vehicles can be fully automated without

operation.

Driverless cars may end up being a form of public transport rather than vehicles you own,says Ryan Calo at Stanford University,California.That is happening in the UK and Singapore,where government-provided driverless vehicles are being launched.

That would go down poorly in the US,however.“The idea that the government would take over driverless cars and treat them as a public good would get absolutely nowhere here,”says Calo.

11.What does the phrase“death valley”in Paragraph2refer to?

A.A place where cars often break down.

B.A case where passing a law is impossible.

C.An area where no driving is permitted.

D.A situation where drivers’role is not clear.

12.The proposal put forward by Dobrindt aims to__________.

A.stop people from breaking traffic rules

B.help promote fully automatic driving

C.protect drivers of all ages and races

D.prevent serious property damage

13.What do consumers think of the operation of driverless cars?

A.It should get the attention of insurance companies.

B.It should be the main concern of law makers.

C.It should not cause deadly traffic accidents.

D.It should involve no human responsibility.

14.Driverless vehicles in public transport see no bright future in__________.

A.Singapore

B.the UK

C.the US

D.Germany

15.What could be the best title for passage?

A.Autonomous Driving:Whose Liability?

B.Fully Automatic Cars:A New Breakthrough

C.Autonomous Vehicles:Driver Removed!

D.Driverless Cars:Root of Road Accidents

Passage4

Fifteen years ago,I took a summer vacation in Lecce in southern Italy.After climbing up a hill for a panoramic view of the blue sea,white buildings and green olive trees,I paused to catch my breath and then positioned myself to take the best

photo of this panorama.

Unfortunately,just as I took out my camera,a woman approached from behind,and planted herself right in front of my view.Like me,this woman was here to stop,sigh and appreciate the view.

Patient as I was,after about15minutes,my camera scanning the sun and reviewing the shot I would eventually take,I grew frustrated.Was it too much to ask her to move so I could take just one picture of the landscape?Sure,I could have asked her,but something prevented me from doing so.She seemed so content in her observation.I didn’t want to mess with that.

Another15minutes passed and I grew bored.The woman was still there.I decided to take the photo anyway.And now when I look at it,I think her presence in the photo is what makes the image interesting.The landscape,beautiful on its own, somehow comes to life and breathes because this woman is engaging with it.

This photo,with the unique beauty that unfolded before me and that woman who“ruined”it,now hangs on a wall in my bedroom.What would she think if she knew that her figure is captured and frozen on some stranger’s bedroom wall?A bedroom,after all,is a very private space,in which some woman I don’t even know has been immortalized.In some ways, she lives in my house.

Perhaps we all live in each others’s paces.Perhaps this is what photos are for:to remind us that we all appreciate beauty, that we all share a common desire for pleasure,for connection,for something that is greater than us.

That photo is a reminder,a captured moment,an unspoken conversation between two women,separated only by a thin square of glass.

16.What happened when the author was about to take a photo?

A.Her camera stopped working.

B.A woman blocked her view.

C.Someone asked her to leave.

D.A friend approached from behind

17.According to the author,the woman was probably_______.

A.enjoying herself

B.losing her patience

C.waiting for the sunset

D.thinking about her past

18.In the author’s opinion,what makes the photo so alive?

A.The rich color of the landscape.

B.The perfect positioning of the camera.

C.The woman’s existence in the photo.

D.The soft sunlight that summer day.

19.The photo on the bedroom wall enables the author to better understand________.

A.the need to be close to nature

B.the importance of private space

C.the joy of the vacation in Italy

D.the shared passion for beauty

20.The passage can be seen as the author’s reflections upon_______.

A.a particular life experience

B.the pleasure of traveling

C.the art of photography

D.a lost friendship

Passage5

Are some people born clever and others born stupid?Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experiences?Strangely enough,the answer to both questions is yes.To some extent our intelligence is given to us at birth,and no amount of special education can make a genius out of a child born with low intelligence.On the other hand,a child who lives in a boring environment will develop his intelligence less than one who lives in rich and varied surroundings. Thus the limits of a person’s intelligence are fixed at birth,but whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his environment.This view,now held by most experts,can be supported in a number of ways.

It is easy to show that intelligence is to some extent something we are born with.The closer the blood relationship between two people,the closer they are likely to be in intelligence.Thus if we take two unrelated people at random from the population,it is likely that their degrees of intelligence will be completely different.If on the other hand we take two identical twins,they will very likely be as intelligent as each other.Relations like brothers and sisters,parents and children,usually have similar intelligence,and this clearly suggests that integigence depends on birth.

Imagine now that we take two identical twins and put them in different environments.We might send one,for example, to a university and the other to a factory where the work is boring.We would soon find differences in intelligence developing, and this indicates that environment as well as birth plays a part.This conclusion is also suggested by the fact that people who lives in close contact with each other,but who are not related at all,are likely to have similar degrees of intelligence.

21.The writer is in favor of the view that man's intelligence is given to him_________.

A.at birth

B.through education

C.both at birth and through education

D.neither at birth nor through education

22.If a child is born with low intelligence,he can_________.

A.never become a genius

B.still become a genius if he should be given special education

C.not reach his intelligence in his life

D.reach his intelligence limits in rich surroundings

23.In the second paragrah,“if we take two unrelated people at random from the population.”means if we_______________.

A.pick up any two persons

B.choose two persons who are relatives

C.take out two different persons

D.choose two persons with different intelligence

24.The example of the twins going to a university and to a factory separately shows_________.

A.the importance of their intelligence

B.the influence of environment on intelligence

C.the importance of their positions

D.the part that birth plays

25.The best title of the passage can be__________.

A.Surroundings

B.Intelligence

C.Dependence on Environment

D.Effect of Education

Passage6

As the pace of life continues to increase,we are fast losing the art of relaxation.Once you are in the habit of rushing through life and working from morning till night,it is hard to slow down.But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body.

Stress is a natural part of everyday life and there is no way to avoid it.In fact,it is not the bad thing it is often supposed to be.A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life.It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill health.

The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual.Some people are not afraid of stress and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities.Others lose heart at the first signs of unusual difficulties.When exposed to stress,in whatever form,we react both chemically and physically.In fact we make choice between“flight or fight”and in more primitive days the choices made the difference between life or death.The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme,but however little the stress,it involves the same response.It is when such a reaction lasts long,through continued exposure to stress,that health becomes endangered.Such serious conditions as high blood pressure and heart diseases have established links with stress.Since we cannot remove stress from our lives it would be unwise to do so even if we could,we need to find ways to deal with it.

26.People are finding less and less time to relax themselves because________.

A.they do not know how to enjoy themselves

B.they do not believe that relaxation is important for health

C.they are traveling fast all the time

D.they are becoming busier with their work

27.According to the author,the most important character for a good manager is his________.

A.not fearing stress

B.knowing the art of relaxation

C.high sense of responsibility

D.having control over performance

28.Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A.We can find some ways to remove stress.

B.Stress is always harmful to people.

C.It is easy to change the habit of keeping oneself busy with work.

D.Different people can withstand different amount of stress.

29.In paragraph3,“such a reaction”refers back to________.

A.“making a choice between‘flight or fight’”

B.“reaction to stress both chemically and physically”

C.“responding to crises quickly”

D.“losing heart at the signs of difficulties”

30.In the last sentence of the article,“do so”refers to________.

A.“expose ourselves to stress”

B.“find ways to deal with stress”

C.“remove stress from our lives”

D.“establish links between diseases and stress”

Passage7

President Coolidge’s statement,“The business of America is business”,still points to an important truth today—that business institutions have more prestigein American society than any other kind of organization,including the government. Why do business institutions possess this great prestige?

One reason is that Americans view business as being more firmly based on the ideal of competition than other institutions in society.Since competition is seen as the major source of progress and prosperity by most Americans, competitive business institutions are http://m.wendangku.net/doc/facbcc0403768e9951e79b89680203d8cf2f6a6c.htmlpetition is not only good in itself,it is the means by which other basic American values such as individual freedom,equality of opportunity,and hard work are protected.

Competition protects the freedom of the individual by ensuring that there is no monopolyof power.In contrast to one,

all-powerful government,many businesses compete against each other for profits.Theoretically,if one business tries to take unfair advantage of its customers,it will lose to competing business which treats its customers more fairly.Where many businesses compete for the customers’dollar,they cannot afford to treat them like inferiors or slaves.

A contrast is often made between business,which is competitive,and government,which is a monopoly.Because business is competitive,many Americans believe that it is more supportive of freedom than government,even though government leaders are elected by the people and business leaders are not.Many Americans believe,then,that competition is as important,or even more important,than democracy in preserving freedom.

Competition in business is also believed to strengthen the ideal of equality of http://m.wendangku.net/doc/facbcc0403768e9951e79b89680203d8cf2f6a6c.htmlpetition is seen as an open and fair race where success goes to the swiftest person regardless of his or her social class background.Competitive success is commonly seen as the American alternative to social rank based on family background.Business is therefore viewed as an expression of the ideal of equality of opportunity rather than a aristocratic ideal of inherited privilege.

31.The statement“The business of Americais business”probably means________.

A.The business institutions in America are concerned with commerce

B.Business problems are of great importance to the American government

C.Business is of primary concern to Americans

D.Americais a great power in world business

32.Americans believe that they can realize their personal values only________.

A.when given equality of opportunity

B.through doing business

C.by protecting their individual freedom

D.by way of competition

33.Who can benefit from business competition?

A.Honest businessmen.

B.Both businessmen and their customers.

C.All-powerful government.

D.Both business institutions and government.

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/facbcc0403768e9951e79b89680203d8cf2f6a6c.htmlernment is believed to differ strikingly from business in that government is characterized by________.

A.its absolute control of power

B.its function in preserving personal freedoms

C.its role in protecting basic American values

D.its democratic way of exercising leadership

35.It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes________.

A.Americans are more ambitious than people in other countries

B.in many countries success often depends on one’s social status

C.American businesses are more democratic than those in other countries

D.businesses in other countries are not as competitive as those in America

Passage8

Today,as in every other day of the year,more than3000U.S.adlescents will smoke their first cigarette on their way to becoming regular smokers as adults.During their lifetime,it can be expected that of these3000about23will be murdered,30 will die in traffic accidents,and nearly750will be killed by a smoking-related disease.The number of deaths attributed to cigarette smoking outweithts all other factors,whether voluntary or involuntary,as a cause of death.

Since the late1970s,when daily smoking among high school seniors reached30precent,smoking rates among youth have declined.While the decline is impressive,several important issues must be raised.

First,in the past several years,smoking rates among youth have declined very little.Second,in the late1970s,smoking among male high school seniors exceeded that among female by nearly10percent.The statistic is reversing.Third,several recent studies have indicate high school dropouts have excessively high smoking rates,as much as75percent.

Finally,thouth significant declines in adolescent smoking have occurred in the past decade,no definite reasons for the decline exist.Within this context,the Naional Cancer Instiute(NCI)began its current effort to determine the most effecive measures to reduce smoking levesl among youth.

36.According to the author,the deaths among youth are mainly caused by________.

A.traffic accidents

B.smoking-related desease

C.murder

D.all of these

37.Every day there are over_______high school strdents who will become regular smoker.

A.75

B.23

C.30

D.3000

38.By"dropout"the author means________.

A.students who failed the examination

B.students who left school

C.students who lost their way

D.students who were driven out of school

39.The reason for declining adolescent smoking is that________.

A.NCI has taken effective measures

B.smoking is prevented among high school seniors

C.there are many smokers who have died of cancer

D.none of these

40.What is implied but not stated by the author is that________.

A.smoking rates among youth have declined very little

B.there are now more female than male smokers among high school seniors

C.high smoking rates are due to the incease in wealth

D.smoking at high school are from low socio-economic backgrounds

Passage9

I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.It was an eccentric farmer.I had never met him before although,I had often heard people talk about him.He sounded quite nervous and he had been talking for a minute or so before I understood anything.Even then all I could make out was that someone called Milly had had a very bad accident.I had not the slightest idea who she was but I obviously had to go.

It had been snowing heavily that day and I did not know the way.I had been driving for at least an hour when I finally found his place.He was standing there,waiting for me.It seemed Milly had died.“She meant more to me than anyone…even my wife!”he said.I could see that he had been crying.I thought something terrible had taken place,a possible scandal.I was even more shocked when he told me he had put her in the barn.“I wouldn't leave her out in the cold!”he said.

Milly had clearly been a secret lover of his.I was about to tell him he could not expect me to cover anything up when he opened the barn door.He lifted his candle and I saw a dark figure on the ground.“She was such a good cow!I wouldn't let anyone but a doctor touch her!”he said,and burst into tears again.

41.The underlined phrase make out in the first paragraph means________.

A.expect

B.understand

C.see clearly

D.hear clearly

42.Before he arrived at the farmer's house,the writer expected to see Milly lying________.

A.on the ground of a barn.

B.on the floor of a room

C.in bed in a room

D.in bed in a barn

43.What do we know about Milly from the story?

A.She had met with an accident.

B.Sh e had caused a scandal.

C.She was seriously ill.

D.She was hidden somewhere.

44.The farmer wished that the writer might__________.

A.look into the matter

B.bring Milly back to life

C.free him from a scandal

D.keep the whole thing a secret

45.The person who told the story is probably a__________.

A.farmer

B.policeman

C.country doctor

D.newspaper reporter

Passage10

There are three kinds of goals:short-term,medium-range and long-term goals.

Short-range goals are those that usually deal with current activities,which we can apply on a daily basis.Such goals can be achieved in a week or less,or two weeks,or possible months.It should be remembered that just as a building is no stronger than its foundation,out long-term goals cannot amount to very munch without the achievement of solid short-term goals.Upon completing our short-term goals,we should date the occasion and then add new short-term goals that will build on those that have been completed.

The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the short-range goals.They might deal with just one term of school or the entire school year,or they could even extend for several years.Any time you move a step at a time,you should never allow yourself to become discouraged or overwhelmed.As you complete each step,you will enforce the belief in your ability to grow and succeed.And as your list of completion dates grow,your motivation and desire will increase.

Long-range goals may be related to our dreams of the future.They might cover five years or more.Life is not a static thing.We should never allow a long-term goal to limit us or our course of action.

46.Our long-term goals mean a lot_________.

A.if we complete our short-range goals

B.if we cannot reach solid short-term goals

C.if we write down the dates

D.if we put forward some plans

47.New short-term goals are bulid upon________.

A.two years

B.long-term goals

C.current activities

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