译林新版六下Unit 3-4复习 (1)

译林新版六年级下Unit 3 -Unit 4复习

第一部分(基础知识)

一、词组:

a little 一些(修饰不可数词) a few 一些(修饰可数名词) a healthy diet 健康的饮食

like doing sth 喜欢做某事have some bread 吃一些面包for breakfast/lunch/dinner 吃早饭午饭晚饭

every day/week 每天/每星期like sweet food 喜欢甜食at a time 一次

have a rest 休息too much 太多much food 很多食物

have to 不得不,必须need sth 需要某东西 a lot of=lots of 许多

road safety 道路安全Cross the road safely 安全地穿过马路

Look for 寻找(强调过程) a zebra crossing 斑马线traffic lights 交通灯

wait for等待Keep/stay safe 保持安全on the pavement 在人行道上

look out for 当心,提防Look left/right 左/右看看other people 其他人

follow the rules 遵守规则go to see 去看看get to... 到达......

Take the bus 乘公交车get on/off 上/下车so many cars 如此多的小汽车

go on 继续many busy roads 许多繁忙的公路on the left/right side of...在......的左/右边二、语法

可数名词单数通常用a,an或者是one来表示。an用在发元音的字母前面。如:a desk, an apple, one boy. 不可数名词

一般来说,不可数名词主要是以物质名词与抽象名词为主。它们通常没有复数形式,也不能与a ,an 连用。在表示“一”或“几”的数量概念时,不可数名词必须与相应的量词连用。

修饰不可数名词的数量词语有:some, any, much, a lot of, a little等。

例如:a box of milk 一盒牛奶some water 一些水much food 大量的食物 a little time 一点时间

三、词语辨析

1、some与any都表示“一些”,但它们的用法不同。

(1)some用在肯定句中: I have some beautiful stamps.(肯定句)

(2)any用在否定句与一般疑问句中。I don’t have any beautiful stamps.(否定句)

Do you have any beautiful stamps?(一般疑问句)

2、many ,a lot of(lots of),much 词语辨析

many ,a lot of ,much ,这三个词都是表示“许多”。

(1)many是用来修饰可数名词I have many friends .(可数名词的前面)

(2)much用来修饰不可数名词,I have much food for my birthday party. (不可数名词的前面)

(3)a lot of则用来修饰可数与不可数名词。

I have a lot of friends. (可数名词的前面)I have a lot of food for my birthday party. (不可数名词的前面)

练一练(用所给名词的适当形式填空)

1. How many________(sheep) are there on the hill?

2. There is some________(food) in the basket.

3. The baby has only two________(tooth) now.

4. There is a lot of________(water) in the bottle.

5. There are five________(people ) in his family.

6. Let's take________(photo), OK?

7. I have lots of________(tomato) here. 8. The________(child) are playing games on the playground now.

四、重要句型

You must \mustn’t… 你必须......你一定不要...... you can\ can’t…

You must first look for a zebra crossing and then look at the traffic lights. We must first look left, then right and then look left again. We mustn’t run and play on the road.

情态动词:can的意思是“可以...”.表示有能力或权利做某事。

Should 的意思是“应该......”

Must 的语气较强,意思是“必须......”mustn’t的意思是“禁止......”通常用于法律法规的要求。情态动词用法特点:

1. 情态动词后接动词原形。即:can/should/must +do sth.

2.含有情态动词的否定句直接在其后面加not. 即:can/should/must +not do sth.

3.含有情态动词的句子改一般疑问句直接将其提前。

练一练(按要求改写句子)

1. I can swim fast. I ________ ________ fast. (否定句)

2. You must return the books now. (一般疑问句) - ________ I return the books now? - No, you ________.

3. They could take the books out of the room. (否定句) They ________ ________ the books out of the room.

4. He can play basketball well. (一般疑问句) _______ he ______ basketball well?

5. You should get up early. (否定句) You _______ get up late.

第二部分(提高训练)

一、英汉互译。

1. 等待绿灯

2.看看交通灯

3. 穿过马路

4.小心汽车

5. 保持安全

6. cross the road with other people

7. stop and wait 8. look for a zebra crossing

9一个好男孩__________ _ 10.起床早__________________

11.许多好习惯_____________. 12.起床吃_________________

13. 睡觉早___________________. 14.睡觉迟_________________

15.刷牙________________________. 16.把…整理的井井有条______________

17.完成他的家庭作业_____________ . 18.听他老师的话__________________

19.谁的房间_____________ . 20.know ...well _____________

21.在床下______________________ 22.run through the grass _____________ 23.feel sleepy _____________ 24.干净整洁_____________________

25.走得快__________________________ 26.带……参观______________________

二、选择恰当的选项。

()1. This is not .

A. safety

B. safe

C. safely

()2. How can we cross the road ?

A. safety

B. safe

C. safely

()3. We smoke in the library.

A. mustn’t

B. must

C. can

()4. Look! They the bus.

A. take

B. taking

C. are taking

( ) 5. He _______ helps his parents at home.

A. too

B. also

C. yet

( )6. They see _______ books and toys in his bedroom.

A. many

B. a lot

C. much

( )7. Let me show _______ around our school.

A. your

B. them

C. they

( ) 8. Whose bedroom is this? It’s my_______.

A. sister

B. sisters

C. sister’s

三、给下列句子选择恰当的情态动词。

1. (Can, Must) you play football well, Tom?

2. We (can't, mustn't) cross the road. The light is red.

3. I (can't, mustn't) see any birds in the tree.

4. (Would, Must) you like a glass of juice?

5. The students (can, must) keep their desks and chairs clean.

四、用所给词的适当形式填空。

1. He brings some water (quick) and pours it into the hole.

2. Can I have some_______(mango) ? Sure, here you are.

3.Here is some (meat) for you. Thank you.

4.He must not (run) or (play )on the road .

5. You can (draw) pictures in the park.

6. Can your little brother use the knife (safe)?

7. The driver must (look) at the traffic lights.

8. That sign (mean) you can eat here.

五、根据中文提示补全句子。

1.玛丽一次吃少量的甜食。Mary eats a sweet food at a .

2.你可以在人行道上等,和其他人一起过马路。

You can wai t on t he and cross the road other people.

3.路上有许多人。There are a on the road.

4.你们必须保持教室干净整洁。

You the classroom and .

5.我们可以在晚饭前完成作业。

We can our homework dinner.

6.你想要过马路,你必须看交通灯。

You want to cross the road. You look at the

六、按要求完成句子。

1.You want to cross the road. You look at the

1. Tom did his homework just now. (改为否定句)

Tom ________ ________ his homework just now.

2. They sang happily yesterday afternoon. (对划线部分提问)

________ they ________yesterday afternoon?

3. My friend is dancing beautifully in the music room. (用often改写)

My friend often_______ _____ ___ in the music room.

4. I got some presents from my parents. (改成一般疑问句)

________ you ________ presents from parents?

5. You shouldn’t eat or drink in the classroom.(改为祈使句)

________ _______ or in the classroom.

6. He usually goes to Beijing by plane. (改为同义句)

He usually ________ ______ Beijing.

7. Mr. Wang knows him well. (对划线部分提问)

_ Mr. Wang know him?

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