大学英语读写1 U7练习题

Unit 7 Emergency

I. Vocabulary

Part One

Directions: Match the words in column A with definitions in column B.

1. medium a. protect, cover

2. sway b. seize suddenly, take roughly and quickly

3. steep c. of or in the inside

4. thunderous d. move or swing slowly from side to side

5. echo e. coming halfway between; not extreme

6. internal f. repeat (another’s words, ideas, etc.)

7. shelter g. rising or falling sharply

8. grab h. extremely loud

Part Two

Directions: Choose the proper words and expressions and put the numbers in the blanks.

1. nearby

2. visible

3. pull on

4. struggled… with

5. cool down

6. reach out for

7. with all his strength

8. clear of

9. up and down 10. up to 11. mess around12. hang on

13. out of the way 14.Let loose

1. He was more than a little frustrated when he failed to lift up the load even .

2. Whether you learn or not is entirely you.

3. She ran into the drawing-room, and began walking .

4. Opportunities are always around you, but you must them.

5. Come on, guys ―start doing some work, don’t just all day.

6. Your task is tedious and difficult, but you must till it is done.

7. The aircraft got smaller and smaller in the distance until it was no longer to the

people on the ground.

8. A heated argument can be settled better if both sides first.

9. He gave up his seat on the bus to an old woman standing .

10. Mathews briefly his conscience before making up his mind to help

himself to the money.

Part Three

Directions: Complete each of the following sentences with an appropriate form of the word given in the bracket.

1. If our are correct, then the project will be completed within five months.


2. Tom, at what he had seen, crouched in the corner and trembled, unable to say a


3. After so many years’ unyielding efforts, a of negotiation for peace is finally made


4. He was very to his mother and did every thing for her. (attention)

5. The university enrollment requires of the student, among others, the payment of tuition fee and

other expenses. (incident)

6. On that day he drove a large car to my house, bragging about how he had been

earning big bucks in Detroit. (flash)

7. The boy stayed in until the danger passed away. (conceal)

8. Your is kindly requested at the wedding ceremony of Miss Crown and Mr. Johnson,

in Royal Hotel, at noon of Oct. 1st. (present)

9. With military forces moving into the Gulf area, the situation there is highly .


10. I made up my mind to leave the deserted house . (instant)

Part Four

Directions: Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence from the four choices given under each sentence.

1. His car ______ a tree but fortunately he was safe.

A. bumped with

B. collided into

C. crashed with

D. crashed into

2. It is important to ______ children to more good books.

A. explode

B. explore

C. expand

D. expose

3. They had planned to ______ the bridge but their bombs failed to ______.

A. blow up…explode

B. explode…blow up

C. blow up…erupt

D. explode…burst

4. Breaking Mary’s doll was purely ______: John did not mean to do it.

A. occasional

B. accidental

C. casual

D. incidental

5. High school students have only the surface of their subjects, and even after college graduation, they still find there is much to learn.

A. scratched

B. rubbed

C. ground

D. scraped

6. I know the place is a ______, but make yourself at home.

A. disorder

B. paradise

C. mess

D. palace

7. A bomb destroyed two buildings and ______ several others.

A. damaged

B. banned

C. hurt

D. injured

8. Life is going on at a quicker pace. There is not only ______ coffee, but also ______ noodles.

A. rapid…convenient

B. immediate…convenient

C. prompt…immediate

D. instant…instant

9. In recent years, new buildings have ______ up like mushrooms in the city.

A. jumped

B. sprung

C. leapt

D. put

10. When the child ______ her mother’s hand, she fell down.

A. let loose

B. let off

C. let out

D. let go of

11. His eyes _______ with rage but he did not dare to say anything.

A. flashed

B. wicked

C. voted

D. protested

12. One of the tigers has got ______. Warn everyone of the danger!

A. lose

B. loosen

C. loose

D. lost

13. We’ll stop now and ______ working at 2 o’clock.

A. presume

B. assume

C. consume

D. resume

14. There is no doubt that the ________ of these goods to the others is easy to see.

A. prestige

B. priority

C. superiority

D. publicity

15. The travelers sought shelter ______ the rain and happened to find a roadside inn.

A. from

B. by

C. for

D. with

16. Motorcyclists should wear helmets to ______ them from injury.

A. save

B. shield

C. shelter

D. defend

17. The new tough laws are being interpreted as a ______ of the government’s determination to work out the problems.

A. sign

B. signal

C. symbol

D. signature

18. The explorer lost his way so he climbed to the top of the hill to ______ himself.

A. spot

B. place

C. locate

D. situate

19. The naughty boy sat astride the branch of a tree with his two legs .

A. vibrating

B. swaying

C. waving

D. swinging

20. He ______ me goodbye from the train window.

A. waved

B. shook

C. swung

D. swayed

II. Structure

Part One

Directions: Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence from the four choices marked A, B, C and D.

1. “You look tired!”

“That’s because my teacher had us exercises all afternoon.”

A. do

B. to do

C. doing

D. done

2. “Why don’t you use the carving knife?”

“It needs .”

A. sharpened

B. sharpening

C. being sharp

D. sharpen

3. The ancient Egyptians are supposed rockets to the moon.

A. to send

B. to be sending

C. to have sent

D. to have been sending

4. If I were in movie, then it would be about time that I _______ my head in my hands for a cry.

A. bury

B. am burying

C.) buried

D. would bury

5. It doesn’t make any difference to me .

A. that you say

B. in that you say

C. what you say

D. for what you say

6. There is no one of us to go.

A. but wishes

B. but wishing

C. whoever wishes

D. whom wish

7. The machine is such I have never seen before.

A. what

B. as

C. when

D. where

8. You can speak in front of George, but you can’t eat in his restaurant.

A. freely…free

B. free…freely

C. free…free

D. freely…freely

9. They would die their country.

A. before betraying

B. to betray

C. than betrayed

D. rather than betraying

10. The man was accused of receiving the goods, them .

A. to know…stolen

B. having known …to be stolen

C. knowing ….to have been stolen

D. knowing…being stolen

11. I remember him and his sister to our house.

A. coming

B. to come

C. come

D. to have come

12. wrong with the motor, he stopped his car.

A. Feeling something go

B. Feeling something gone

C. To feel something going

D. Having felt something gone

13. Rather than the vegetables bad, he sold them at half price.

A. allow…going

B. to allow…going

C. allow…to go

D. allowing…to go

14. Mr. Henderson is a teacher, is clear from his manner.

A. as it

B. as

C. that

D. it

15. All is a continuous supply of fuel oil.

A. which is needed

B. that is needed

C. the things needed

D. for their needs

16. There is no tree bears some fruit.

A. that

B. which

C. but

D. unless

17. all behavior is learned is a basic assumption of social scientists.

A. Nearly

B. That nearly

C. It is nearly

D. When nearly

18. They sat together for about half an hour, another word .

A. with…exchanged

B. without…exchanged

C. with…exchanging

D. without…exchanging

19. With me, I felt lucky.

A. he helping

B. his helping

C. him helping

D. his having helped

20. I don’t doubt she will come.

A. whether

B. that

C. if

D. what

Part Two

Directions: Identify the ONE that is not correct and write down the correct answer.

1.Would anyone object to us inviting Ron to go with us to the lecture?

A B C D ( )

2.Although we are concerned with the problem of energy sources, we must not fail recognizing


he need for environmental protection.

D ( )

3.Exercising is as good as a way as any to lose unwanted weight.

A B C D ( )

4.Though more than 10 miles ahead, I still decided to chance to get home before dark.


( )

5.Today’s electronic computers are such remarkable machines as people call them thinking


machines. ( )

6.Although no country has exactly the same folk music like that of any other, it is significant


that similar songs exist among widely separated people.

D ( )

7.I sometimes wish that our university is as large as Fudan University because our facilities are


more limited than theirs.

C D ( )

8.That his explanation comes to is that we can expect no further help from him.

A B C D ( )

9.She left him standing in the poorly-lit room with the curtains half drawing to keep out the


night and the chairs covered with dust.

D ( )

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/0afcfd01a6c30c2259019ee4.htmlpared with coal burners, nuclear power plants generate fewer waste.

A B C D ( )

III. Cloze

Part One

Directions: Fill in the gaps with any words you think fit.

In the year 1765, Rip van Winkle lived in a village at the foot of the Catskill mountains. He was a very simple and kind man, a friend and a helper 1 all the people in the village.

Rip’s wife was very unkind to him, 2 he didn’t get angry with her. He did 3 that she told him to do, but he kept 4 from her as 5 as he could. Perhaps he was so kind to others 6 she was so unkind to him. All the people of the 7 loved him, and the children were very happy 8 him. He played with them; he made things for them.

Rip did not like work. He was not really 9 . He worked very hard at the things he liked doing: he used to sit all day on a wet rock 10 fish; he used to walk all day up hills and in forests with his gun.

Part Two

Directions: Choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.

The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to buy up people involved in prominent cases 1 the trial of Rosemary West.

In a significant 2 of legal controls over the press, Lord Irvine, the Lord Chancellor, will introduce a 3 bill that will propose making payments to witnesses 4 and will strictly control the amount of 5 that can be given to a case 6 a trial begins.

In a letter to Gerald Kaufman, chairman of the House of Commons media select committee, Lord Irvine said he 7 with a committee report this year which said that self regulation did not

8 sufficient control.

9 of the letter came two days after Lord Irvine caused a 10 of media protest when he said the 11 of privacy controls contained in European legislation would be left to judges 12 to Parliament.

The Lord Chancellor said introduction of the Human Rights Bill, which 13 the European Convention on Human Rights legally 14 in Britain, laid down that everybody was 15 to privacy and that public figures could go to court to protect themselves and their families.

“Press freedoms will be in safe hands 16 our British judges,” he said.

Witness payments became an 17 after West was sentenced to 10 life sentences in 1995. Up to 19 witnesses were 18 to have received payments for telling their stories to newspapers.

Concerns were raised 19 witnesses might be encouraged to exaggerate their stories in court to 20 guilty verdicts.

1. A. as to B. for instance C. in particular D. such as

2. A. tightening B. intensifying C. focusing D. fastening

3. A. sketch B. rough C. preliminary D. draft

4. A. illogical B. illegal C. improbable D. improper

5. A. publicity B. penalty C. popularity D. peculiarity

6. A. since B. if C. before D. as

7. A. sided B. shared C. complied D. agreed

8. A. present B. offer C. manifest D. indicate

9. A. Release B. Publication C. Printing D. Exposure

10. A. storm B. rage C. flare D. flash

11. A. translation B. interpretation C. exhibition D. demonstration

12. A. better than B. other than C. rather than D. sooner than

13. A. changes B. makes C. sets D. turns

14. A. binding B. convincing C. restraining D. sustaining

15. A. authorized B. credited C. entitled D. qualified

16. A. with B. to C. from D. by

17. A. impact B. incident C. inference D. issue

18. A. stated B. remarked C. said D. told

19. A. what B. when C. which D. that

20. A. assure B. confide C. ensure D. guarantee

IV. Reading Comprehension

Directions: Choose the ONE best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D.

Passage One

What exactly is an economic system? Simply put, it’s a basic set of rules used to allocate a society’s resources to satisfy its citizens’ needs. Although every nation has a unique way of distributing resources, economic systems all have certain features in common and may be measured in similar ways.

A society’s resources are referred to by economists as the factors of product ion. One factor of production, land, includes not only the real estate on the earth’s surface but also the minerals, timber, and water below. The second, labor, consists of the human resources used to produce goods and services. The third factor of production is capital, the machine, tools, and buildings used to produce good and services, as well as the money that buy resources. A fourth factor of production is embodied in people called entrepreneurs. They are the ones who develop new ways to use the other economic resources more efficiently. They acquire materials, employ workers, invest in capital goods, and engage in marketing activities. In some societies, entrepreneurs risk losing only their reputations or their positions if they fail. In our society, entrepreneurs like Jose de Santiago also risk losing their own personal resources. On the other hand, our entrepreneurs reap the benefits if they succeed; this possibility is what motivates them to take the risk of trying something new.

Although all economies rely on the same basic factors of production, not all are blessed with

the same quantity and quality of resources. North America is more fortunate than most of regions. We have a wealth of land and raw materials, an industrious and well-educated work force, a strong capital base, and an abundance of entrepreneurs. To a great extent, our prosperity derives from these plentiful resources.

1. An economic system can be described as .

A. a basic set of rules used to allocate resources to meet the needs of the people

B. a unique way to satisfy the needs of the people

C.an efficient way to distribute resources

D. a reliable way to save money

2. Which of the following is a factor of production?



C.An economic system

D. A market

3. What motivates entrepreneurs to take the risk of trying something new is that .

A.they can use the other economic resources more efficiently

B.they can acquire materials, employ workers, invest in capital goods and engage in

marketing activities

C.they can reap the benefit if they succeed

D.they can win reputations or position if they succeed

4. Capitals, as a factor of production, includes .

A.goods and services produced by a company

B.buildings for people to live in

C.machines and tools to be sold

D.money used to buy other resources

5. North America is fortunate in having .

A. a large population

B.an entirely different economic system

C. a hard-working and well-educated work force

D. a unique way of distributing resources

Passage Two

Reading to oneself is a modern activity which was almost unknown to the scholars of the classical and medieval worlds, while during the fifteenth century the term “reading” undoubtedly meant reading aloud. Only during the nineteenth century did silent reading become commonplace.

One should be wary, however, of assuming that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud is a distraction to others. Examination of factors related to historical development of silent reading reveals that it became the usual mode of reading for most adult reading tasks mainly because the tasks themselves changed in character.

The last century saw a steady gradual increase in literacy, and thus in the number of readers. As readers increased, so the number of potential listeners declined, and thus there was some reduction in the need to read aloud. As reading for the benefit of listeners grew less common, so came the flourishing of reading as a private activity in such public places as libraries, railway carriages and offices, where reading aloud would cause distraction to other readers.

Towards the end of the century there was still considerable argument over whether books should be used for information or treated respectfully, and over whether the reading of material such as newspapers was in some way mentally weakening. Indeed this argument remains with us still in education. However, whatever its virtues, the old shared literacy culture had gone and was replaced by the printed mass media on the one hand and by books and periodicals for a specialized readership on the other.

By the end of the century students were being recommended to adopt attitudes to books and to use skills in reading them which were inappropriate, if not impossible, for the oral readers. The social, cultural and technological changes in the country in the century had greatly altered what the term “reading” implied.

6. Why did people usually read aloud before the nineteenth century?

A.Few people would read for themselves, so those literate people read aloud to them.

B.Reading aloud was a mark of one’s literacy.

C.Silent reading was not prevailing at that time.

D.People read aloud for entertainment.

7. Which of the following statements is true about silent reading according to the passage?

A.Silent reading can not distract others’ attention.

B.Silent reading is more efficient than reading aloud.

C.The development of silent reading during the nineteenth century indicated an increase in the

number of libraries.

D.The fact that silent reading replaced the old practice of reading aloud shows that human

beings have made much progress in learning skills.

8. Educationists are still arguing about ________.

A.the values of different types of reading materials

B.whether books should be respected or not

C.whether newspapers can weaken our intellectual ability

D.whether the information on books and newspapers is reliable

9. The emergence of the mass media and of specialized periodicals indicated .

A.the change of readers’ attitudes

B.the diversity of readers’ interest

C.that printing techniques had greatly improved

D.the decline of the standard of literacy

10. What is the main purpose of this passage?

A.To point out we have greatly improved our reading methods

B.To explain how silent reading developed

C.To illustrate the advantages of silent reading over reading aloud

D.To criticize the mass media

Passage Three

France might be described as an “all-round” country, one that has achieved results of equal importance in many diverse branches of artistic and intellectual activity. Most of the great nations of Europe excel (胜过) in some special branch of art or of thought, Italy in the plastic arts, Germany in philosophy and music, England in poetry and the sciences. France, on the contrary, had produced philosophers, musicians, painters, and scientists, without any noticeable

specialization of her effort.

The French ideal has always been the man who has a good all-round knowledge better still, an all-round understanding; it is the ideal of general culture as opposed to specialization. This is the ideal reflected in the education France provides for her children. By studying this education we in England may learn a few things useful to ourselves even though, perhaps indeed because, the French system is very different from our own in its aims, its organization and its results. The French child, too, the raw material of this education, is unlike the English child and differences in the raw material may well account for differences in the processes employed.

The French child, boy or girl, gives one the impression of being intellectually more precocious than the product of the chillier English climate. This precocity is encouraged by his upbringing among adults, not in a nursery. English parents readily adapt their conversation to the child’s point of view and interest themsel ves more in his games and childish preoccupations. The English are, as regards national character, younger than the French, or, to put it another way, there is in England no deep division between the life of the child and that of the grown man. The art of talking to children in the kind of language they understand is so much an English art that most of the French children’s favorite books are translations from the English. French parents, on the other hand, do their best to develop the child’s intelligence as rapidly as possible. They have little patience with childish ideas even if they do not go so far as to look upon childhood as an unfortunate but necessary prelude (序言) to adult life. Not that they need to force the child, for he usually leads himself willingly to the process, and enjoys the effect of his unexpectedly clever remarks and of his keen judgment of men and things. It is not without significance that the French mother instead of appealing to the child’s heart by asking him to be good appeals to his reason by asking him to be wise. Reasonableness is looked for early in France, and the age of reason is fixed at seven years.

11. The author considers that France ________.

A.specialized in the ideal of general culture

B.favors the ideal of general culture

C.is a specialist country in spite of herself

D.cannot help being a specialist country

12. In comparing French and English education the author indicates that ______.

A. a great deal can be learnt by both countries

B.differences should not be looked for only in the methods

C.the French child needs far more training

D.the main differences are in the children

13. The passage suggests that the French child .

A.is as he is because of the climate

B.only associates with adults

C.is forced to behave like an adult

D.is not treated as a child

14. In Paragraph 3, what is said about books _________.

A.appears to be somewhat contradictory

B.is not in any sense a contradiction

C.suggests that French parents like English children’s books

D.suggests that French parents find these books educational

15. With what conclusion, regarding French mothers, is the reader left?

A.They are the most significant influence in their sons lives.

B.They equate goodness with reason.

C.They know how to appeal to what is best in their sons.

D.They identify wisdom with reasonableness.

Passage Four

In such a changing, complex society formerly simple solutions to informational needs become complicated. Many of life’s problems which were solved by asking family members, friends or colleagues are beyond the capability of the extended family to resolve. Where to turn for expert information and how to determine which expert advice to accept are questions facing many people today.

In addition to this, there is the growing mobility of people since World War I. As families move away from their stable community, their friends of many years, their extended family relationships, the informal flow of information is cut off and with it the confidence that information will be available – when needed and will be trustworthy and reliable. The almost unconscious flow of information about the simplest aspects of living can be cut off. Thus, things once learned subconsciously through the casual communications of the extended family must be consciously learned.

Adding to social changes today is an enormous stockpile of information. The individual now has more information available than any generation, and the task of finding that one piece of information relevant to his or her specific problem is complicated, time-consuming and sometimes even overwhelming.

Coupled with the growing quantity of information is the development of technologies which enables the storage and delivery of more information with greater speed to more locations than has ever been possible before. Computer technology makes it possible to store vast amounts of data in machine-readable files, and to program computers to locate specific information. Telecommunication development enables the sending of messages via television, radio, and very shortly, electronic mail to bombard people with multitudes of messages. Satellites have extended the power of communications to report events at the instant of occurrence. Expertise can be shared world wide through teleconferencing (电视电话会议) and problems in dispute can be settled without the participants leaving their homes and/or jobs to travel to a distant conference site. Technology has facilitated the sharing of information and the storage and delivery of information, thus making more information available to more people.

In this world of change and complexity, the need for information is of greatest importance. Those people who have accurate, reliable up-to-date information to solve the day-to-day problems, the critical problems of their business, social and family life, will survive and succeed. “Knowledge is power” may well be the truest saying and access to information may be the most critical requirement of all people.

16. The word “it” (Para. 2) most probably refers to _________,

A.the lack of stable communities

B.the breakdown of informal information channels

C.the increased mobility of families

D.the growing number of people moving from place to place

17. The main problem people may encounter today arises from the fact that

A.they have to learn new things consciously

B.they lack the confidence of securing reliable and trustworthy information

C.they have difficulty obtaining the needed information readily

D.they can hardly carry out casual communications with an extended family

18. Which of the following statements is NOT right according to the passage?

A.Some problems used to be settled by consulting the family members.

B.The way we learn things today is different from what it used to be.

C.Thanks to the development of technology individuals today enjoy more information than

any other generation.

D.Those who have got the latest information are bound to succeed.

19. From the passage we can infer that _________.

A.electronic mail will soon play a dominant role in transmitting messages

B.it will become more difficult for people to keep secrets in an information era

C.people will spend less time holding meetings or conferences

D.events will be reported on the spot mainly through satellites

20. We can learn from the last paragraph that _________.

A.it is necessary to obtain as much knowledge as possible

B.people should make the best use of the information accessible

C.we should realize the importance of accumulating information

D.it is of vital importance to acquire needed information efficiently

V. Translation

Part One

大学英语读写1 U7练习题


_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

Part Two

Directions: Put the following sentences taken from the Reading passages into Chinese.

1. (Passage 1, Para. 1)

Although every nation has a unique way of distributing resources, economic systems all have certain features in common and may be measured in similar ways.

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

2. (Passage 2, Para. 2)

One should be wary, however, of assuming that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud is a distraction to others.

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

3. (Passage 2, Para. 4)

Towards the end of the century there was still considerable argument over whether books should be used for information or treated respectfully, and over whether the reading of material such as newspapers was in some way mentally weakening.

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

4. (Passage 3, Para. 3)

The French child, boy or girl, gives one the impression of being intellectually more precocious than the product of the chillier English climate. This precocity is encouraged by his upbringing among adults, not in a nursery.

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

5. (Passage 4, Para. 4)

Technology has facilitated the sharing of information and the storage and delivery of information, thus making more information available to more people.

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

VI. Writing

Directions: In this part, you are going to write a composition on the topic Heroes of Today in three paragraphs in no less than 150 words and base your composition on the outline given

in Chinese below:

Heroes of Today

1. 中国遭遇了百年不遇的灾难(洪水、疾病等)

2. 英雄在灾难中的作为

3. 英雄在我们心目中的地位

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

VII. Spot Dictation

Directions: In this part, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it.

Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape.

Write your answer in the corresponding space. Remember you will hear the

passage only once.

When Anthony Falzo, a conductor of a freight train, was thinking of what to do over the weekend, he never realized that an 1 was about to happen on the track. It was May 1, 1989. When Anthony and Rich, an engineer, were talking leisurely, they suddenly noticed some curious shape lying on the track ahead. It seemed to be some box or old rags. Yet all of a sudden, they realized it was two kids on the track. Rich threw on the 2 brake and pulled on the air-horn handle with all his 3 . But it might still be too late. Anthony 4 to the front of the 5 train, and saw the two little children sitting alongside the rail. They had no idea of the imminent danger, and when they did, they were frozen up with 6 at the fast moving train. Anthony waited until the train was about ten feet away, then jumped. He had to struggle to keep his balance on the 7 , first-side stones alongside the track. The 8 he covered the two kids and 9 them away, the younger child was hit under the chin. But he still managed to pull the kid completely under him. Miraculously, no one was seriously 10 .