八年级英语第一单元知识梳理 姓名

八年级英语第一单元知识梳理姓名

一习惯用语:watch TV 看电视 on weekends 在周末hardly ever几乎不

how often 多久一次 once a week 一周一次 go to the movies 去看电影

twice a month一月两次 do homework 做家庭作业the result of…的结果

as for 至于,对于 junk food 垃圾食品 be good/bad for 对…有益

eating habits 饮食习惯try to do sth.尽力做某事 lots of=a lot of许多

of course/Sure当然be the same as…和…相同want to do sth.想要做某事

come home from school从学校来到家 look after=take care of 照看;照顾

healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式be different from…和…不同

make a big difference 有很大不同keep healthy = stay healy。

keep in good health =keep fit 保持健康 surf the Internet上网

get good grades 取得好成绩 look after照顾 try to do sth 尽力做某事

二)重点句型:1.What does she do on weekends? 她在周末常干什么

2.She often goes to the movies. 她经常去看电影。

3.I watch TV every day.我每天都看电视

4.We often surf the Internet.我们经常上网

5.I read English books about twice a week. 我大约一周两次看英语书

6.I shop once a month. 我每月购物

7.She says it’s good for my health. 她说这对我的健康有利。

8.How often do you eat junk food? 你多久一次吃垃圾食品?

9.I look after my health. 我照看我的健康。

10.My eating habits are pretty good. 我的饮食习惯相当好。

三)交际用语:

What do you usually do on weekends? I usually play soccer.

What do they do on weekends? They often go to the movies. What does he do on weekends? He sometimes watches TV.

How often do you shop? I shop once a month.

How often does Cheng watch TV? He watches TV twice a week.

四)主题写作:提供一些信息,让你写一篇关于你或者别人的生活习惯及其影响.

词语点击:1.exercise:[′eks?saiz] 1)作可数名词用,“练习,习题,体

操,功课,操练”等,常用复数。 I'm doing my exercises.我在做练习/功课。

Doing morning exercises is helpful to our health.

做早操对我们的健康是有益的。

2)作不可数名词用,“锻炼,运动”。

You are weak because of the lack of exercise.你身体弱是因为缺少锻炼。

Take more exercise,and you will be healthy.多多锻炼,你会健康的。

3)作动词用,“训练,锻炼”。

You must exercise yourself in order to be stronger and healthier.

为了更健康更强壮,你必须锻炼自己。

You don't exercise enough.你锻炼不够。﹝作不及物动词﹞

作动词用还有“履行职责,行使全力”等意思。

You must exercise your own duty.你必须履行你自己的职责。

2.hardly: [′hɑ:dli]

1)副词adv.hardly 是"几乎不", hard 也可是副词,“努力地,猛烈地”

2)hardly 是位于句首时,句子要用倒装.如:Hardly did I believe what you said.

我几乎不相信你说的话.Hardly did I arrive at the railway station when the

train started.我一到火车站,火车就开走了.

3)句子中有 hardly 时,其反意疑问句的疑问部分应该用肯定形式.

如:He can hardly understand it ,can he ? 他几乎听不懂,是吗?hardly ever

很少(几乎从不,难得) 例句与用法:My grandfather loves his island. He hardly ever sets foot in

the city.我祖父热爱他那个小岛,他几乎从不进城来。He hardly ever (very

seldom) goes to bed before midnight.他很少在午夜以前就寝.

(同学们要记住:早睡早起是“一”个好习惯

Going to bed early and getting up early is a good habit.)

3.ever:[′ev?] ever用作副词,意为“曾经、以前”

Did you ever see the UFO?你还见到过飞碟?

When you were working there,did you ever meet a foreigner?

你在那里工作时曾见过外国人吗?

4.once: [w?ns] 1)副词adv. 一次 I have been there once.我到过那

儿一次。I see them once every two months.我每两个月与他们见一次面。2)

连接词conj.一旦,一经...便Once you get into a bad habit, you'll find it

hard to get out of it.一旦染上坏习惯,想改掉就难了。

5.twice: [twais]副词 adv.:两次,两回; 两倍。

He comes to work twice a week. 他每周来上两次班。The dining-room is twice

as big as the kitchen.餐厅是厨房的两倍大、

6,active形容词adj.活跃的;活泼的Mrs. Brown is over 80 and not very active

now。布朗太太已八十多岁,现在不大活动了。

提示:active的名词形式为activity,意为“活动”。

7.about: [?′baut]1)副词 adv.大约;几乎

John is about the same age as Tom. 约翰和汤姆的年龄相仿。

2)介词 prep. 关于,对于My mother often spoke to me about you 家

母过去常和我谈起你

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/1a481848cf84b9d528ea7a51.htmlk:[milk] 1)名词n.乳; 牛奶(不可数名词)You have to keep watching

to prevent the milk from boiling over.你要看住, 不要让牛奶溢出来。

2)动词v. & vi.产奶; 挤奶The cow is milking heavily.这头奶牛出奶率很高。

9.drink:[dri?k]1)动词 vt. & vi.喝(酒), 饮I don't drink and I've never

played cards.我不喝酒, 也从不打牌。

2)名词n.既可做可数名词,又可作不可数名词

He likes a drink when he returns home from work.他喜欢下班回家后喝

一杯酒。food and drink食物和饮料

10.health: [helθ]名词n. 1)健康[U]Smoking does harm to health. 吸烟

有损健康。 2.)健康状况[U]She is in poor health.她身体不好。

拓展:health的形容词为healthy,healthy的比较级为healthier最高级为

healthiest,反义词为unhealthy。

11.habit:[ˊh?bit]名词n. 习惯, 习性。

Habit cures habit. [谚]新习惯可以改掉旧习惯。

be in / have a habit of (doing sth.) 惯于, 有某种习惯His uncle has a

bad habit of smoking.他的叔叔有一种抽烟的坏习惯

12.try: [trai] 1)动词v.tried(过去式) trying(现在分词)tries(单数

第三人称形式)试图,努力;努力做或完成(某事)。tried to ski.试着滑冰

2)名词n.尝试,常用于短语have a try,等于have a go

【拓展】try on 试穿(衣帽等)try one's best to do sth.尽最大力量做某事

13.same:[seim] 形容词adj.:同一的 I live in the same house as he.我

跟他同住一所房子。反义词为different。Same常与the连用,常见短语有:

almost the same几乎一样 the same as 和……一样

This is the same skirt that she was wearing a year ago.

这就是她一年前穿的那条裙子。

14.different:[ˊdif?r?nt]形容词adj.1) 不同的[(+from)]

Their school is different from ours. 他们的学校与我们的不同。

That is quite a different matter. 那完全是另一码事。

2. )各种的The delegates come from different parts of the world.代表来

自世界各地。它的名词形式为difference,形容词为differently.

15.although: [?:l′e?u] 连接词conj.1)尽管, 虽然Although my car is

very old, it still runs very well.我的汽车虽然很旧, 但仍然跑得很快

2) 然而:I did not know that, although I learned it

【小提示】许多同学都知道,英语习惯上不能将汉语中的“虽然……但是……”

直译为although/though… but…。这两个词不能连用。如:

她虽然很穷,但没有失去她的尊严。

误:Although she is very poor, but she has not lost her dignity.

正:Although she is very poor, she has not lost her dignity.

正:She is very poor, but she has not lost her dignity.

16.keep[ki:p] 动词v.:保持;使……保持某种状态。首先这是一个系动词,

后接形容词做表语,其次本词也是实义动词,无论后面的动词是作宾语或宾语补

足语,都用动词-ing形式。例如:We kept working in the fields in spite of

the rain.尽管下雨,我们还是坚持在地里干活。

【拓展】keep构成的一些短语

keep (sb.) away (from sth.)(使)某人离开(某物)

keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事阻止,妨碍;控制住[(+from)]

(Robbie couldn't keep the child from crying.罗比没法使孩子不大叫大哭。

keep sth. in mind 记住(某事物)keep back 忍住(眼泪),扣下,隐瞒

keep in touch with 与……保持联系keep (on) doing sth. 继续做某事

keep off 远离,避开,让开keep up 保持(不低落),继续

keep up with 跟上,不落在后面

17.must[m?st]情态动词modal v. 1)(表示必要、命令或强制)必须,得

You mustn't talk like that.你可不能这样说话。

You must do as you are told.你必须遵嘱行事。

We must be home by six. 我们必须在六点以前回家。2) (表示肯定的推测)一定,谅必,八成This must be your room.这一定是你的房间了。

He must be eighty now.他现在八成有八十岁

【注意】must还可以用来询问对方的意见,否定回答不用mustn’t,要用needn’t或don’t have to,意思是“不必”。

——Must I hand in the homework today?我必须今天交家庭作业吗?——No,you don’t have to/neednt.不,你不必。

18.less:[les] 1)形容词 adj. (little的比较级)较小的,较少的[+than]

He has less strength than I. 他力气比我小。2)副词 adv. (little的比较级)较小地,较少地;不如[+than]

Thunderstorms are much less common in Ireland than in England.

爱尔兰的雷雨远较英格兰为少Little的最高级为least,其后加不可数名词,与little,less,least相对应的反义词分别是much,more,most.. 【拓展-less后缀 1.(附在动词或名词之后的形容词词尾)表示"无","没"(如:useless,homeless) 2(附在动词或名词之后的形容词词尾)表示"不能"(如:tireless孜孜不倦的)

be tireless in teaching 诲人不倦

1.“多久”一相逢How often do you visit your grandparents? Twicce a month.

你多久去看一次你的(外)祖父母?每月两次。

how often“多久一次”用来引导特殊疑问句,询问事情发生的频率。

常用once a week,twice a month等来回答。例如:

——How often do you go swimming?

——Once a week.

【拓展】how long“多长”,用来询问时间(对一段时间提问)或物体的长度。

how far“多远”,用来询问距离。

how soon“多久以后”,对以“in+一段时间”进行提问,常用于一般将来时。

2.“兴趣”知多少?

I'm interested in the (interesting) book.

我对这本(有意思的)书感兴趣。

1)-ing形容词,这类形容词可做定语或表语。表语时,主语通常是事物,表

示“令人…的例如: exciting令人兴奋的 surprising令人惊奇的 boring

令人讨厌的

2)-ed形容词

这类形容词常做表语,且主语是人,表示“(人)感到……的”。例如:excited感到兴奋的 surprised感到惊奇的 bored感到厌烦的

3.如何“示”好:be good for…意为“对……有益/有好处”。例如: Reading books is good for us.开卷有益【拓展】be good at意为“善于,擅长”,

后接名词、代词或动名词。be good to意为“对……友好”,一般后接表示人

的名词。

be good with意为“与……相处得好”

题例:Are you good_____ sports and good _____ children?

A.for,with

B.at,with

C.to,at

D.at,for

【剖析】本句意为“你擅长于运动并能与孩子们相处得好吗?故答案选B

4.“帮助”得法:help sb.(to) do sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,to也可省

略。Help还可用于短语help sb. with sth.中,也意为“帮助某人做某事”。

例如:

Would you please help me (to) finish this task?

Can you help me with this task? 两句意思都是“你能帮我完成这项任务吗?”

【拓展】can't help doing sth.意为“情不自禁地做某事”。例如:We can't help

laughing after hearing the story.听完这个故事以后,我们情不自禁地笑了。

但是:This book can't help to solve this problem.(黄冈中学预录题)

(这本书不能帮助解决这个难题)是help (us)to do sth.的否定形式不在此例。

5.“经常”连连串:

频率副词的用法:

always>usually>often>sometimes>seldom(极少) >hardly ever>never

等频率副词用来表示某一动作或状态发生的频率。注意;它们可是按降幂排列的.

1)频率副词用于一般现在时,它们常位于行为动词之前,be动词、情态动词及

助动词之后,加强语气时放在句首。

2)对它们提问时用how often.

【拓展】hardly ever,never分别是否定意义的词组和副词,变反意疑问句时,

疑问部分用肯定形式。例如: He hardly ever watches TV,does he?

英语答案

一选择答案:1.C 2. C 此题的汉语意思为:尽管他们感到很疲惫,但是他们仍然继续工作。但做英语题时在有 although 的前题下,后面不用 but。 3. D 4.

B 5. A 6. D 7.

C want sb. to do sth. 要某人做……,希望某人做......。

8. B 9. A 10. B11. 本题考查助动词do和does 的用法。在疑问句或否定句中,当主语为第三人称单数时,主动词用does, 因此,答案为 B. 12.本题考查固定短语 the same as 的用法,答案为 A

二、完形填空答案:1—5 BACAA 6—10 AAAAC

三、阅读理解

(A)答案1-5 AABBC

(B答案: 1. go fishing 2. meet 3. have a meeting 4.clean 5.free

6.Fridy

(C)答案:1. Seven. 2. Yes,it is. 3. Three tickets. 4. No,he doesn't. 5.She is a gatekeeper at the cinema

四词汇A的答案:1.once 2. Internet 3. active 4. junk 5. differences 6. milk

B:的答案1. twice 2. differences 3. hardly 4. interviewer 5. health 五选词填空 1. take 2. hardly 3. visiting 4. goes 5. exercises

6. try

7. to play

8. went

9. gave 10. cleaning

六根据汉语填词1.is good for your health 2.not to eat

3.Do, like her lifestyle 4.How often does, Once a week

5.Does, start, with 6. make any difference to

七用适当形式填空;Keys:1. went 2. are swimming 3. helps 4.were,5playing

八句型变换Keys:1. look after 2. How often 3. doesn't go 4. go to the movies

5. How many hours

九,配对;Keys:1-7 FECGAFB

十回答问题答案: 1. I usually climb the hill on weekends.

2. I go to the movies once a year.

3. My brother plays soccer three or four times a week.

4. She watches TV at home.

5,Yes, I am.

十一作文答案: Here are the results of the student activity survey in Class 12, Grade 8. Most students watch TV every day. Some students watch TV twice a week. Some students watch TV four times a week. Some students have sports every day. Some students have sports twice a week. Most students have sports four times a week. All the students do homework every day. No students do homework twice or four times a week.

八年级英语第一单元测试卷姓名得分

一、选择填空(12分)

( )1. Is your bike broken? Let ____ you.

A. me to help

B. I help

C. me help

D. I to help

( )2. Although they feel tired, ____they still go on working.

A. and

B. but

C. /

D. so

( )3. The woman can't____ his son in the park.

A. read

B. watch

C. look

D. find

( )4. Li Lei works in England. He comes to China____.

A. three time a year

B. three times a year

C. three times year

D. three time year

( )5. His grandmother is well because she often ____.

A. exercises

B. smokes

C. sleeps

D. sings

( )6. —____ do they play football? —Every day.

A. How soon

B. How much

C. How many

D. How often ( )7. His mother wants him ___ at home today.

A . stays B. stayed C. to stay D. staying

( )8. Here ____ the results___ the student activity survey.

A. is; with

B. are; of

C. is; of

D. are; with

( )9.______ homework, we do their homework on Sunday.

A. As for

B. As to

C. As of

D. As from

( )10. These days Mrs Li looks____ healthy.

A. nice

B. pretty

C. heavy

D. cook

( ) 11. A: How often ______ she exercise? B: Twice a week

A. do

B. does

C. doing

D. did

( ) 12. Is her lifestyle the same ______ yours or different?

A. as

B. in

C. at

D. to

二、完形填空(10分)

What do the people usually do on weekends? Some people like to 1

at home, but others like to go out for a walk or play football. Mr Smith 2 hard in a factory during (在期间) the 3 . On the weekends, he usually 4 the same thing. On Saturday he washes his car and on 5 he goes with his family to a village(村庄) by car. His uncle and aunt 6 a farm there. It isn't a big one, but there is always 7 to do on the farm. The children help with the animals and give them some 8 . Mr and Mrs Smith help in the field. At the end of the day, they are all 9 and Mr Smith's aunt 10 them a big meal.

回答:( )l. A. play B. stay C. be D. so

( )2. A. works B. does C. makes D. studies

( )3. A. day B. year C. week D. month

( )4. A. does B. do C. make D. has

( )5. A. Sunday B. Saturday C. Thursday D. Friday

( )6. A. have B. has C. bring D. find

( )7. A. much B. many C. any D. most

( )8. A. food B. rice C. cakes D. fruit

( )9. A. hungry B. angry C. full D. happy

( )10. A. give B. puts C. makes D. does

三、阅读理解A(5分)

Fish and chips, and Chinese take-away food are very popular in England. But they are less popular in the U.S.A. In the U.S.A, they eat take-away food, too, like chicken. But the most popular kind of take-away food is the Hamburger(汉堡包). It looks like bread with meat in it. Ham(火腿)is a kind of pork-but the Hamburger does not have any pork in it. It has beef in it. The beef is inside a kind of cake. Hamburgers are delicious. They are very popular in the U.S.A. They are also popular in England and Australia.

()1. Fish and chips are very popular ________.

A. in England

B. in Australia

C. in the U.S.A

D. in Canada ()2. In the U.S.A the most popular kind of take-away food is________. A. Hamburger B. fish C. chips D. bread

()3. The Hamburger does not have any ________ in it.

A. beef

B. pork

C. fish

D. chips

()4. Hamburgers are ________.

A. beef

B. pork

C. fish

D. chips

()5. Hamburger is a kind of ________.

A. meat

B. drink

C. food

D. vegetable

B(6分)

认真阅读下列对话,找到有用的信息填入题后改写后的短文里.(每空字数不限) Mr. Zhang: Let's go fishing sometime next week, shall we?

Mr. Wang: That's a good idea! I'm not going to do much work next week。because my boss is on holiday in San Francisco.

Mr. Zhang: What are you going to do on Monday morning?

Mr. Wang: Let me see. Well, a friend of mine is coming from Shanghai and I am going to meet him at the airport. In the afternoon, we're going to have dinner together, so I am afraid I can't go fishing with you on Monday. How about Tuesday?

Mr. Zhang: Let me see. I'm going to have a meeting in the afternoon at two. How about in the morning on Tuesday?

Mr. Wang: Isn't the time too short for us? It will take us an hour to drive there and at noon we're going to drive back.

Mr. Zhang: You are right. But I don't think I can go on Wednesday because I am going to help my dad clean the house. But I'm going to be free on Thursday.

Mr. Wang: I'm going to have a meeting. Friday is OK with me. What are you going to do on Friday?

Mr. Zhang: Friday is OK with me .Let's make it Friday.

Mr. Wang: Good!

回答:Mr. Zhang and Mr. Wang will 1 sometime next week. But they don't know which day they can go together. Mr. Wang is going to 2 a friend on Monday morning, so they don’t so fishing on that day. On Tuesday, Mr. Zhang is going to 3 . Mr zhang is going to 4 the house on Wednesday. Mr. Wang is going to have a meeting on Thursday. He is not going to be 5 that day. At last, they decide they are going fishing on 6

C(10分)

Tom is a little boy, and he is only seven years old. Once he goes to a cinema. It is the first time for him to do that. He buys a ticket and goes in. But after two or three minutes he comes out, and buys the second ticket and goes in again. After a few minutes he comes out again and buys the third ticket. Two or three minutes after that he comes out and asks for another ticket. But a girl asks him,“Why do you buy so many tickets? How many friends do you meet?” “No, I have no friends here, but a big woman always stops me at the door and cuts up my ticket.”

根据短文内容回答下列问题:

1. How old is Tom? ___________________________________.

2. Is it the first time for him to go to the cinema?---------------------------------

3. How many tickets does Tom buy before the girl asks him?

___________________________________.

4. Does Tom meet a few good friends of his that day? ------------------------------

5. What does the big woman do?---------------------------------------------------------

四、词汇(11分)

A) 根据句意及首字母提示,完成下列单词的拼写。

1. He writes to his father o____ a month.

2. Everyone likes to surf the I____.

3. You must be a in class.

4. Eating j___ food is bad for your health.

5. There are many d____ between the twins?

6. There is some m____ in the bottle.

B) 根据句意,用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

1. My mother goes to Beijing____(two) a year.

2. Can you find the____(different) between this box and that box?

3. I_____(hard) ever see him now.

4. Do you want to meet that_____(interview)?

5. You should look after your _____(healthy).

五、选词填空(10分)

hardly, cleaning, take, gave, try, to play, visiting, exercises, went, goes

1. I _____ a shower every night.

2. My father _____ ever watches TV in the evening.

3. Thanks for _____ me.

4. Mary often _____ to the movies on weekends.

5. Grandma is pretty healthy because she _____every day.

6. You must _____ to eat less meat.

7. I like ____ basketball.

8. What did you do in summer holidays?

I ____ to Hong Kong with my parents.

9. My mother ____ me a new bike on my birthday.

10. What are you doing? We are ____our room.

六、根据汉语意思完成句子,一空一词。(10分)

1.多吃蔬菜对你的健康有好处。

Eating more vegetables ______ _______ _____ ______ ______.

2.尽量别吃垃圾食品。Try _____ _____ ______ junk food.

3.你喜欢她的生活习惯吗?______ you _____ _____ ______?

4.他多久给你发一次电子邮件?一周一次。

-_____ _____ ______he send you an e-mail? -----------------

5.这对你有什么不同吗?______ it _____ _____ ______?

6. 我们每天通常从早饭开始。

We usually_______ the day ________breakfast. ______ you?

七、用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空(5分)

1. Ann__________ (go) to the police station this morning.

2. Look! The students __________ (swim) in the river.

3. Li Lei often __________ (help) me with my Chinese.

4. Where __________ (be) you last night?

5. What about __________ (play) football now?

八、句型转换: 按要求改写下列各句,每空一词(13分)

1. My sister is ill. I must take care of her at home.(改为同义句)

My sister is ill. I must______ ______ her at home.

2. Lin Tao often helps me with my Chinese. (对划线部分提问)

________ ______ does Lin Tao help you with your Chinese?

3. Tom goes to bed at ten in the evening. (改为否定句)

Tom ______ _______ to bed at ten in the evening.

4. They always see a film on Saturdays. (改为同义句)

They always _______ _______ ________ _______ on Saturdays.

5. I sleep nine hours every night. (对划线部分提问)

________ ________ _______ do you sleep every night?

九、对话配对:(7分)

( )1. Is your grandpa healthy? A. Once a week.

( )2. How many hours do you sleep every night? B. Swimming and tennis. ( )3. Do you often eat junk food? C. No, never.

( )4. What is your favorite fruit? D. Yes, he is.

( )5. How often does he go to the library? E. About eight hours. ( )6. How are your eating habits? F. They are pretty good. ( )7. What sports does she often play? G. The strawberry.

十、根椐括号中所给提示词语,回答问题(10分)

1. What do you usually do on weekends? ( climb the hill)

_____________________________________________.

2. How often do you go to the movies? ( once a year)

_____________________________________________

3. How often does your brother play soccer? ( three or four times a week)

___________________________________________________

4. What does your mother do at home? ( watch TV)

____________________________________________

5. Are you healthy? (yes)---------------------------------------

十一、书面表达(13分)

请根据下列班级活动调查表,用英语写一篇文章。

Class 12,Grade 8: Activity SurveyActivity :

Activity Every Day Twice a Week Four Times a Wee

Watch TV:60% 20% 20%

Have Sports:10% 20% 70%

Do homework 100% 0 % 0%

Have Sports 10% 20% 70%

Do homework 100% 0% 0%

相关推荐
相关主题
热门推荐