Unit 3 Job Interview
2. Further Understanding
For Part I: Questions and Answers
1. How does the author introduce the topic in Text A? Why?
(= It starts with a personal story, which could be very appealing to readers
because personal experiences sound real. They can also narrow the distance
between the author and the reader.)
There are several ways to introduce a theme.
(= 1. Stating the topic directly.
2. Posing a question.
3. Quoting a famous saying.
4. Relating an anecdote or an incident. )
What is the writer according to what he says at the beginning of the text? (= He is the owner of Mackay Envelop Corporation, a manufacturing company
with 350 employees.)
3. What conclusion did the writer draw from the young applicant ’s answers?
(= The young applicant was not well prepared and incompetent for the job since
his answers to all the questions were simply no.)
For Part 2 Table Filling
(Directions:) The writer supports his suggestions about job application with a number of examples. Fill in the following table with the suggestions the writer puts forward and the instances he uses to illustrate them.
1. Difficult Sentences
That left me with only one other question.
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
When we watch a world-class musician or a top athlete, we don’t see the years of preparation that enabled him or her to become great.
1.Translate the sentence into Chinese.
2.What does this sentence imply?
(When we admire other people’s success, we always forget that they have worked on this for a long time.)
The same preparation applies in every form of human endeavor.
Paraphrase the sentence.
(No matter what kind of success you want to achieve, you should prepare for it.) And that’s how it worked out.
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
But it takes no longer to prepare well for one interview than to wander in half-prepared for five.
What does this sentence indicate?
(This sentence means that anyone, who wants to get hired, should get concentrated.)
You see, a goal is a dream with a deadline: in writing, measurable, identifiable, attainable.
1.What does this sentence refer to?
(People should regard their goal as a kind of dream, but it can be achieved and realized. The goal is not a daydream.)
2.Translate the sentence into Chinese.
the majority of New York cabdrivers are unfriendly, if not downright rude.
What does “downright” mean here?
(It means “absolutely”.)
He’s living proof that you can always shift the odds in your favor.
1.What does “living proof” mean?
(It means “a good example which illustrates the point very well”.)
2.What does “shift the odds in your favor”?
(It means “you can be more likely to succeed”.)
3.Translate the sentence into Chinese.
As we were taxi ing down it to take off, Curt turned to me and said gleefully, “Look, Harvey, no tracks in the snow!”
1. Why was Curt so happy when he said that there were no tracks in the snow?
(Because Curt thought they were the first to take off. )
2. What does this sentence refer to?
(One should know how to seek happiness in trifle events or in daily life.)
Then go out and make your own tracks in the snow.
1.Translate the sentence into Chinese.
2.What does “make your own tracks in the snow” mean?
(Anyone should try your best to accomplish his own success.)
2. Words and Expressions:
1) a meeting where a person is asked questions to decide whether he can
take up a job
* When she was still at school, she had her first interview, for a part-time job in a restaurant.
2) a meeting where a person is asked questions to find out his/her actions, opinions,
* The film star agreed willingly to give an interview immediately after his wedding.
1) hold an interview with (someone)
（= He was being interviewed by a local TV station about the rate of unemployment.）
2) question (someone) to discover their opinions or experience
在一次调查研究中，被调查的女性中超过一半的人都讨厌“家庭妇女”这一称呼。(=In a survey more than half the women in terviewed hated the label ‘ housewife’)
1) cook under or over direct heat
* We could grill the chops on the barbecue.
2) (infml) question intensely and severely (esp. of the police)
（= He was grilled for two hours before the police let him go.）
* The senior detective grilled the young suspect about the robbery case.
follow up: take addition steps to further (a previous action)
(= We are worried that terrorists will follow up their threats with bomb attacks.)
* If you make a hotel booking by phone, follow it up with written confirmation.
1) as follows 如下
* The result were as follows.
2) to follow 下一个
* I’ll have fish, with fruit to follow.
in one’s hands: in one’s posses sion
（=All the relevant facts are in my solicitor’s hands.）
* His father’s company has been in his hands for many years.
prospective: adj. expected; probable; intended
* The chief function of direct-mail advertising is to familiarize prospective buyers with a product.
（= This university of world fame had applications from nearly 200 prospective students.）
as I see it: in my opinion
（= As I see it, the money is sufficient for seeing him through a year abroad.）
* As I see it, this press conference is the most successful one we have ever had.
s ee about 安排；采取行动
see out 送出门，送到门口
see to 负责，照料
* It’s time for me to see about cooking dinner.
* I’ll see you out.
* If I cook lunch, will you see to the children?
(as) the saying goes: used to introduce a particular phrase that people often say * As an old English saying goes, “If you want to live and thrive, let a spider run alive!”
(= As the saying goes, “ There’s no smoke without fire.”)
(L.29) apply: v.
1) request something, esp. in writing
* Anyone who has a college degree can apply for the job.
* With admission criteria ranking among the most selective in the United States, Harvard accepted less than 20 percent off all who applied.
2) bring or put into use
* Apply as much force as is necessary.
3) to have an effect; be directly related
（= This regulation doesn’t apply.）
1. vt. (fml)try
* You must endeavor to improve your work.
（= The multinational company always endeavors to deal with clients’complaints as promptly as possible.）
* The government has endeavored to forbid the employment of children under the age of 16.
2. n. effort
（= She made every endeavor to help us.）
The climbing of Mount Qomolangma was an outstanding example of human endeavor.
CF: endeavor, try &attempt
Galileo endeavored to prove that the earth rotates around the sun. 伽利略尽力证明地球是绕着太阳转的。
try: 意思是“尝试”，“打算”，比“endeavor”意思轻，指多次企图去做某事。例如：she tried the little golden key in the lock. 她试着用那把小小的金钥匙开那把锁。attempt: 意思是“尝试”，“努力”，“试图（做某事）”，侧重有某种动机并开始做，常有冒险性和失败的可能性，多用作书面语。例如：
The swimmer attempted to cross the English Channel but failed. 那个游泳选手试图横渡英吉利海峡，但没有成功。
1) a person’s trade or profession
* The students, who are approaching the school-leaving age, endeavor to look for employment.
2) the condition of having paid work
* The economic depression caused a fall in the numbers in full-time employment.
（= People without high education often face barriers in employment.）
do one’s homework: make preparations beforehand
* He had evidently done his homework and read his predecessor’s reports.
（= He had done his homework before he delivered the speech.）
go after: try hard to obtain; chase
(=He went after a prize in the English speech contest.)
（= Are you planning to go after a position in this company?）
incidentally: by the way
* I really got to g o now. Incidentally, don’t forget to pay a visit to your mother tomorrow. She is expecting you.
chuckle: laugh quietly
（= I chuckled at the astonishment on her face.）
* “That’s a bit heavy, isn’t it?” he chuckled.
1. n. a position in the hierarchy of the armed force or society
* He was at last promoted to the rank of Captain.
（= People of all ranks are very attentive to this case.）
2. v. be or put (in a certain class)
* This town ranks high among New England beauty spots.
(= 这座城镇在新英格兰风景区中名列前茅。)(插入图像New England)
1) of or concerning the body
（=Human populations differ in their skin color, ey e color, shape and other physical characteristics.）
* R egular exercise enhances people’s sense of mental well being along with the general physical health.
2) of or according to the laws of nature
* Is there a physical explanation for these strange happenings?
* It is a physical impossibility to be in two places at once.
1) the way in which parts are formed into a whole
* Morphology is concerned with the structure of words, syntax with the structure of phrases and sentences.
（= The structure of the family varies from society to society.）
2. n. anything formed of many parts, esp. a building
* The house was a handsome four-story brick structure.
1) enough for the purpose, and no more
* The city’s water supply is no longer adequate.
2) having the necessary ability or qualities
（= I hope he will be adequate to the job.）
CF: adequate, ample & sufficient
The book is adequate for the use of beginners. 这本书适合初学者使用。
My salary is not adequate to support my family. 我的薪水不足以养家。
ample:指不单能达到应有的程度或能满足需要的程度，而且充足有余。例如：There is abundantly ample food for all. 有丰裕的食物供大家吃。
Have you made sufficient investigation in this case? 这个案件你作过充分的调查了吗？
He has sufficient knowledge and experience for the work. 他具备足够的知识和经验应付这件工作。
deadline: n. a time limit by which something must be done
* Tomorrow is the deadline for the students to hand in their term paper.
（= For one reason or another, she missed the deadline for income tax to be handed in.）
make a difference: change the situation or outlook; have an effect
（= Speaking the language makes a lot of difference when you travel to another country.）
(=I t doesn’t make the least difference to me what you are doing.) Collocation:
make all the difference 大不相同
settle a difference 消除分歧
blurt: v. say (something which should not be said) suddenly and without thing * 他没有考虑后果就脱口说出了那消息。
（= He blurted out the news before he considered its effect.）
* As soon as the teacher put forward the question, he blurted the answer out.
1. vt. force sth. open or away from a surface
* Can you help me pry the cover off this wooden box without breaking it?
*Her car trunk had been pried open and all her equipment was gone.
2. vi. look or inquire closely and curiously
Don't pry into the affairs of others.
21. (L.95) odds: (pl.) the probability that something will or will not happen
（= The odds are 10 to 1 that her horse will not win the race. ）
* The odds are that he will fail his exam.
at odds with 与…不一致
odds and ends 零碎的事情
in the neighborhood of: about
* He has an annual salary in the neighborhood of $50,000.
* I am hoping to buy an apartment in the neighborhood of $12,000.
beyond anyone’s / one’s wildest dreams: more than anyone/ one can ever imagine * 在10年前，我做梦也没想到今天我会拥有自己的汽车。
（=Ten years ago it was beyond my wildest dreams that I could afford a car.）
* Scientists have made an invention which is to change our lives beyond our wildest dreams.
sparkle: to shine in small flashes
* The diamond ring sparkled in the sunlight.
* The stone sparkles when properly cut.
CF: gleam, flicker, shimmer& sparkle
A few scattered bars of light gleamed in the rain through the cottage windows. 在雨中，几道分散的光柱透过农舍的窗户照射出来。
The logs flickered in the grate. 木材在壁炉中燃烧发光。
Velvet curtains with gold embroidery shimmered.天鹅绒窗帘的金丝刺绣熠熠生辉。
sparkle: 指吸收物体反射出来的不稳定，但明亮的光。有时可以glitter和互换。例如：The sun sparkles wet grass.草叶上的露水在阳光下闪闪发光。
1. 模拟面试mock interview
2. 采取进一步行动follow up
3. 在某人手中，为某人所拥有in sb’s hands
5. 可能的客户prospective customers
6. 在我看来as I see it
7. 俗话说(as) the saying goes
8. 极有可能the odds are good that
9. 一生中仅有一次的经历 a once-in-a-lifetime experience
10. 事先做好准备do one’s homework
11. 努力争取，追求go after
12. 交换场地switch sides
13. 发扬长处develop one’s strengths
14. 尝试take/have a crack (at)
15. 奇迹中的奇迹miracle of miracles
16. 实现你的目标accomplish your goals
17. 改变现状或观点；产生影响make a difference
18. 大约in the neighborhood of
19. 做梦也想不到的beyond one’s/anyone’s wildest dreams
20. 从……的观点来看from one’s/the standpoint (of)