2017_2018年七年级英语上册Unit8Whenisyourbirthday讲义新版人教新目标版

Unit 8 When is your birthday? Part 1 Words and Expressions

when /wen/ adv. (疑问副词) 什么时候

month /m?nθ/ n. 月;月份

January /'d??nj??ri/ n. 一月

February /'febr??ri / n.二月March

/mɑ?(r)t? / n. 三月

April /'e?pr?l / n. 四月

May /me?/ n. 五月

June /d?u:n/ n. 六月

July /d???la?/ n. 七月

August /'?:ɡ?st/ n. 八月

September /sep'temb?(r)/ n. 九月

October /?k't??b?/ n. 十月

November /n??'vemb?(r)/ n. 十一

月December /d?'semb?(r)/ n. 十二

happy /'h?pi/adj. 愉快的;高兴的

Happy birthday! 生日快乐!

old /??ld/ adj. 年老的;旧的

How old…?……多大年纪? ……几岁了?

party /'pɑ?(r)ti/ n. 聚会;晚会

See you! 再见!

first /f??(r)st/ num. 第一

second /'sek?nd/ num. 第二

third /θ?? (r)d/ num. 第三

fifth /f?fθ/ num. 第五

eighth /e?tθ/ num. 第八

ninth /na?nθ/ num. 第九

twelfth /twelfθ/ num. 第十二

twentieth /'twent??θ/num. 第二十

test /test/ n. 测验;检查

trip /tr?p/ n. 旅游;旅行

art /ɑ? (r)t/ n. 艺术;美术

festival /'fest?vl/ n. (音乐,戏剧等的)会演节;节日

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dear /d?? (r)/ adj. 亲爱的

student /'stju?dnt/ n. 学生

thing/θ??/ n. 东西;事情

term /t?? (r)m/ n. 学期

busy /'b?zi/ adj. 忙碌的;无暇的

time /ta?m/ n. 时间

Have a good time! (表示祝愿) 过得愉快!

there /ee? (r)/ adv. (在)那里

How old ……多大年纪?……几岁了?

e.g. —How old are you?

—I’m twelve years old. / I’m .

询问其他人的年龄时,句型为How old + + 某人?

e.g. How old your brother?

festival n. (音乐,戏剧等的)会演节;节日

e.g. art festival music festival

the Spring Festival Dragon Boat Festival

春节端午节

busy adj. 忙碌的;无暇的

1.be busy

e.g. I am busy. Are you busy?

2.be busy doing(v- ing) 忙着做某事

e.g I am busy playing baseball.

翻译:我弟弟在忙着玩他的飞机模型。

Part 2 Grammar

序数词:表示顺序的词

1. 写法(100 以内):

基数词序数词

one

two

three

2

基数词序数词

four

five

six

seven

eight

nine

ten

eleven

twelve

记住 1—12 中的特殊变化:第一、第二、第三、第五、第八、第九、第十二。

基数词序数词

thirteen

fourteen

第13……19 都是在后面加。

基数词序数词

twenty

thirty

第20……90 都是把变成再加。

基数词序数词

twenty-one

twenty-two

twenty-three

thirty-five

forty-nine

若是遇上几十几,只变个位就可以。基数词

变序数词的规律口诀:

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练习:写出下列基数词对应的序数词

1

3

9

40

2.序数词的缩写形式2 5 13 59

first 1st second 2nd

third 3rd fourth 4th

eighth 8th thirteenth 13th

fortieth 40th twenty-first

21st forty-ninth 49th

可以总结出:序数词的缩写为

3.序数词的用法

e.g. January is the first month of a year.

May is the fifth month of a year.

1)序数词前一般要加;

e.g. Today is my twelfth birthday.

It is my sister’s first

term.

2)但当序数词前已有或等限

定词时,不再用定冠词the。练习:

用序数词填空

I live on (nine) floor.

This is his (two) schoolbag.

4.序数词在日期中的用法

英语中一般用序数词表达几号

写法:月份(或缩写)+ 日期(或缩写)

e.g. January fifth February 2nd Sept. 3rd

读法:月份 + the+ 序数词

注意:英语中日期的表达还有很多种方式比如

1st December

December 1

1 December

the first of December 等

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Part 3:Texts

Role-play the conversation.

Bill: Hi, Alan. Happy birthday!

Alan: Thank you, Bill.

Bill: So, how old are you, Alan?

Alan: I’m twelve. How old are you?

Bill: I’m thirteen.

Alan: When is your birthday?

Bill: My birthday is in August.

Alan: Well, do you want to come to my birthday party?

Bill: Oh, yes. When is it?

Alan: At three this

afternoon. Bill: OK,

great. See you!

对比下列两个句子

My birthday is in August.

At three this afternoon.

英语中,时间不同,表达“在……”时所使用的时间介词不同。

in 时间介词,表示“在……”,接。

at 时间介词,表示“在……”,接。

练习:Zhengzhou is beautiful October.

Let’s meet five this afternoon.

Structures

1.—When is your birthday? — My birthday is on May 2nd.

2.—When is his birthday? — His birthday is on January 17th.

3.—When is her birthday? —It’s in August.

4.—When is Alice’s birthday? —Her birthday is on September 5th.

5.—When is your father’s birthday? —His birthday is on April 21st. 总结:when,疑问副词,引导特殊疑问句,用来询问时间;可以用表

示时间的介词短语回答。

My birthday is on May 2nd.

on 时间介词,“在……”,接, 比如

e.g. His birthday is on January 17th.

We have an art festival on Monday.

I want to go shopping with my mom on Sunday.

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