修辞

Unit 1

1.it will go as it meanders or leaps and sparkles or just glows. (metaphor)

2.They are like the musketeers of Dumas who, although (allusion)

3.although they lived side by side with each other, did not delve into,(metaphor)

4.without any focus and with no need for one, that suddenly the alchemy of conversation took place, and all at once there was a focus. (metaphor)

5.The glow of the conversation burst into flames. (metaphor)

6.We had traveled in five minutes to Australia. (metaphor)

7.The conversation was on wings. (metaphor)

8.What all this tells us is of a deep class rift in the culture of England after the Norman conquest. (metaphor)

9.The Elizabethans blew on it as on a dandelion clock, (simile)

10.but it should not be laid down as an edict , and made immune to change from below. (metaphor)

11.I have an unending love affair with dictionaries (metaphor)

12.The King's English is a model—a rich and instructive one--but it ought not to be an ultimatum. (metaphor)

13.the King's English slips and slides in conversation.(alliteration, metaphor)

14.the sinister corridor of our age," (metaphor)

15.Other wise one will bind the conversation, ,(metaphor)

16. We would never hay gone to Australia, (metaphor)

Unit 2

1.As the corpse went past the flies left the restaurant table in a cloud and ,(metaphor)

2.all men and boys, no women--threaded their way across the market place (metaphor)

3.No gravestone, no name, no identifying mark of any kind. (elliptical)

4.Are they really the same flesh as your self? Do they even have names? (rhetorical)

5.there is generally running a little river of urine (metaphor)

6.there was a frenzied rush of Jews, (transferred-epithet)

7.Still, a white skin is always fairly conspicuous. (synecdoche)

8.No one would think of running cheap trips to the Distressed Areas. (ironical)

9.I am not commenting, merely pointing to a fact. (understatement)

10.winding up the road with a clumping of boots and a clatter of iron wheels.(onomatopoeia)

Unit 3

1.We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom, symbolizing an end as well as a beginning, signifying renewal as well as change. (repetition)

2.t hat the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans, (metaphor)

3.oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. (alliteration)

4.United, there is little we cannot do in a host of co-operative ventures. Divided, there is little we can do, for we dare not meet a powerful challenge at odds and split asunder. (antithesis)

5.riding the back of the tiger ended up inside. (metaphor)

6. If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich. (antithesis)

7.But this peaceful revolution of hope cannot become the prey of hostile powers.(metaphor)

8.to strengthen its shield of the new and the weak, (metaphor)

9.For only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed. (repetition)

10.b oth rightly alarmed by the steady spread of the deadly atom, (alliteration) (synecdoche)

11.Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us. (antithesis)

12.And if a beachhead of co-operation may push back the jungle of suspicion, (metaphor)

13.but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, (alliteration)

14. and the glow from that fire can truly light the world. (metaphor)

15. And so, my fellow Americans ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. (antithesis)

16.high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you. (alliteration)

Unit 4

1.My brain was as powerful as a dynamo, as precise as a chemist's scales, as penetrating as a scalpel. (simile. Hyperbole)

2."It's the thing to do (elliptical)

3.slipped into high gear. (metaphor)

4. but I was not one to let my heart rule my head. (metonymy)

5.At any rate, it was worth a try. It is, after all, easier to make a beautiful dumb girl smart than to make an ugly smart girl beautiful. (antithesis)

In other words, if you were out of the picture, the field would be open. (metaphor)

6.1 may do better than that," I said with a mysterious wink and closed my bag and left.(transferred-epithet)

7.He was a torn man. First he looked at the coat with the expression of a waif at a bakery window. (simile)

8.if you were out of the picture, the field would be open.(metaphor)

9.Back and forth his head swiveled, desire waxing, resolution waning . (antithesis)

10.This loomed as a project of no small dimensions, (understatement)

11.You are guilty of Post Hoc if you blame Eula Becker." (metonymy)

12.f there is an irresistible force, there can be no immovable object. (antithesis)

13. After all, surgeons have X-rays to guide them during an operation, (metonymy)

14.I fought back the tide of panic surging through me. (metaphor)

15. I leaped to my feet, bellowing like a bull. (metaphor,simile)

16.He's a rat (metaphor)

Unit 5

1.they were expected to battle for success. (metaphor)

2.called the party to a halt (metaphor)

3.we finally did enter the conflict (euphemism)

4. Greenwich Village set the pattern. (metonymy)

5.their minds and pens inflamed against war, (metonymy)

6.it was Greenwich Village that fanned the flames. (metonymy, metaphor)

7.Before long the movement had be-come officially recognized by the pulpit (which denounced it), (metonymy)

8.was the rallying point of sensitive persons (metaphor)

9.the country was blind and deaf to everything (personification , metonymy)

10.everything save the glint and ring of the dollar, (hyperbole)

Unit 6

1.Those ad campaigns celebrating the Big Apple, (antonomasia)

2.The giant Manhattan television studios where Toscanini’s NBC Symphony (metonymy)

3.sitcoms cloned and canned in Hollywood, (alliteration, metaphor)

4. To win in New York is to be uneasy; to lose is to live in jostling proximity to the frustrated majority.( antithesis)

5.New York is about energy, contention, and striving.(parallelism)

6. New York was never Mecca to me. (metonymy,metaphor)

7. But all in all, I can’t think of many places in the world I’d rather live. (paradox)

8.The condescending view from the fiftieth floor of the city’s crowds below cuts these people off from humanity. (transferred-epithet)

9. Besides, serious art often feeds in the popular these days, changing it with fond irony. . (metaphor)

10.So much of well-to-do America now lives antiseptically in enclaves, xx(synecdoche,metaphor)

11. the defeated are not hidden away somewhere else on the wrong side of town.(euphemism)

12. Tin Pan Alley has moved to Nashville and Hollywood.(metonymy)

13.Nature constantly yields to man in New York: witness those fragile sidewalk trees gamely struggling against encroaching cement and petrol fumes. (personification)

14.Characteristically, the city swallows up the United Nations and refuses to take it seriously, (personification)

Unit 7

1.They flared their nostrils and pranced and boasted to one another; (personification)

2.The air of morning was so clear that the snow still crowning the Eighteen Peaks burned with white-gold fire across the miles of sunlit air, (metaphor)

3.these young spectators are always shocked and sickened at the sight. (alliteration)

Unit 8

1.there is a reservoir of instinctive fellow-feeling, not yet exhausted though it may not be filling up. (metaphor)

2.Some cancer in their character has eaten away their Englishness.(metaphor)

3.many exhausted salesmen taking refuge in bars (euphemism)

4.I feel that a powerful section of English workers, together with their union bosses, is in the same situation as that commander just before he could make up his mind. (metaphor)

5.the most boredom, the most trouble and ‘industrial action’(euphemism)

6.Bewildered, they grope and mess around because they have fallen between two stools, (metaphor)

7. 'Englishness' is still with us. But it needs reinforcement, extra nourishment, (metaphor)

8.And this is true, whether they are wearing bowler hats or ungovernable mops of hair (metonymy)

Unit 9

1.her grimy cotton dresses that were always miles too long. (hyperbole)

2."Piquette Tonnerre, I mean. The damn bone's flared up again. (synecdoche)

3. You could look out the windows and see, through the filigree of the spruce trees, the water glistening greenly as the sun caught it. (metaphor)

4 .it round and round in his small and curious hands.. (transferred--epithet)

5.the sky was lightened by a cold flickering of stars (transferred--epithet)

6.those voices belonged to a world separated by aeon from our neat world of summer cottages(metonymy)and the lighted lamps of home (hyperbole)

7.the frightened tendency to look the other way. (transferred--epithet)

8.we exchanged all the news that somehow had not found its way into letters- (personification) Unit 10

Unit 15

圆周句Periodic Sentence是从修辞角度说的,它把关键意思放在整句末尾,将次要的放在句首。读者只有读完全句才能了解该句完整含义的句子结构,圆周句又叫“掉尾句”。

松散句只是相对于掉尾句而言罢了。掉尾句是把句子的重心,也就是一句话强调的重点放在最后,松散句则相反。定义上,松散句是一种组织松驰的句子,它的组成部分可以比较自由地拆散,在句中的某些地方可以随意停顿,而且语法上具有一定的完整性。

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