九年级英语重点句型、句式_归纳总结

九年级英语重点句型、句式

Unit 1

1. by + doing通过……方式如:by studying with a group

by 还可以表示:“在…旁”、“靠近”、“在…期间”、“用”、“经过”、“乘车”等

2.too…to 太…而不能常用的句型too+adj./adv. + to do sth.

3.be / get excited about sth.=== be / get excited about doing sth.

= be excited to do sth. 对…感兴奋

如:I am / get excited about going to Beijing.=

I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋。

4. ①end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做某事

如:he party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

②end up with sth. 以…结束

如:The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

5.one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式…其中之一

6. It’s +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事…

如:It’s difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于我来说学习英语太难了。7.unless 假如不,除非引导条件状语从句

8.see sb. / sth. doing看见某人正在做某事强调正在发生

see sb. / sth. do看见某人在做某事如:1). We watched them ________ (get) off the bus,__________ (cross) the street and _________ (disappear) among the people.

如:She saw him a picture in the classroom.她看见他正在教室里画画。

Unit 2

1.used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

否定形式:didn’t use to do sth. / used not to do sth.

2. 反意疑问句

3.interest ed adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

interest ing adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物

①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣

4.害怕…be terrified of sth.如:I am terrified of the dog.

be terrified of doing sth.如:I am terrified of speaking。5.spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”

①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(金钱、时间)

②spend…doing sth.花费(金钱、时间)去做某事

pay for 花费如:I pay 10 yuan for the book. 我花了10元买这本书。

常用的结构有:

It takes me a day to read the book.

6.how to swim 怎样游泳

不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when what

I don’t know where to go. 我不知道去哪。

7. make sb./ sth. + 形容词make you happy

make sb./ sth. + 动词原形 make him laugh

8.as + 形容词./副词+as sb. could/can 尽某人的…能力

如: Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑。

9.take pride in sth. 以…而自豪

10. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心

如:You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友。

11. be able to do sth. 能做某事

如:She is able to do it. 她能够做到。

12. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

如:My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。

13.不再①no more no longer如:

②not …any more not …any longer

Unit 3

1.allow句型①allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事

如:We do not allow people to smoke in the hall.

②allow doing 允许做某事

③be allowed to do 被允许做某事

④should be allowed to do 应该被允许做某事

2.get their ears pierced 穿耳洞

让/使(别人)做某事 get sth. done(过去分词)

have sth. done

如:I get my car made. == I have my car made. 我让别人修好我的车3.enough 足够

形容词+enough如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮

enough+名词如:enough food 足够食物

enough to 足够…去做…

如:I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。

She is old enough to go to school.她够大去读书了。

4. stop doing sth. 停止做某事Please stop speaking.请停止说话。

stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事Please stop to speak.请停下来说话。

5. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth. = it seems that +从句

如:He seems to feel very sad.

It seems that he feels very sad. 他看起来好像很伤心。

6.系动词不能独立作谓语,要和表语一起构成谓语。常用的连系动词有:look, feel, be, become, get, turn, smell, taste, stay(保持), kept等。连系动词除be 和become 等少数词可接名词作表语外,一般都是接形容词。

如:They are very happy. He became a doctor two years ago. She felt very tired.

7. 倒装句:

九年级英语重点句型、句式_归纳总结

8.曾经做某事:

Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.

9.be strict with sb. in sth 对某人严厉

10.keep sb/ sth. +形容词使某人/某物保持…

如:We should keep our city clean.我们应该保持我们的城市干净。

11. both…and…+动词复数形式

如: Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.

12. learn (sth.) from sb. 向谁学习(什么)

如:Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语13. have an opportunity to do sth. 有机会做某事

have a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事

如:I have an opportunity to go to Beijing.

I have a chance of going to Beijing.

14.花费 take ,cost, spend , pay

15. have +时间段+off 放假,休息如:have 2 days off

16. reply to 答复某人如:She replayed to Mr Green.

18. get in the way of 碍事,妨碍

如: Her social life got in the way of her studies.

她的社会生活妨碍了她的学习。

19.think about 与think of 的区别

②think about 还有“考虑”之意,think of 想到、想出时两者不能互用

At last, he thought of a good idea. 最后他想出了一个好主意。

We are thinking about going Qinzhou. 我们正在考虑去钦州。

20. 对…热衷,对…兴趣

be serious about doing如:She is serious about dancing. 她对跳舞热衷。

be serious about sth.如:She is serious about him. 她对他感兴趣。

21. practice doing练习做某事 She often practice speaking English.

22. care about sb. 关心某人如:Mother often care about her son. Care for

23. also 也用于句中I am also a student. 我也是一个学生

either也用于否定句且用于句末I am not a student either.我也不是一个学生。

too 也用于肯定句且用于句末I am a student too. 我也是一个学生。

Unit 4

1.pretend to do sth.假装做某事 I pretended to sleep just now.

pretend +从句假装… I pretended that I fell asleep.

2. be late for 迟到如:I am late for work/ school/ class/ party.

3.what if + 从句如果…怎么办,要是…又怎么样

如:What if she doesn’t come? 要是她不来怎么办?

What if LiLei knows? 如果李雷知道了怎么办?

4. add sth.to sth.添加…到…如:I added some sugar to water. 我把糖添加到水里。5.ask sb. to do 叫…做某事

ask sb. not to do sth.叫…不要做某事

tell sb. to do 告诉…做某事

tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉…不要做某事

6. start doing==start to do.开始做某事

如:He started speaking/ to speak. 他开始说话。

7. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借来某物

如:I borrowed a book from Lily. 我从莉莉那里借来一本书。

8. introduce sb. to sb. 把某人介绍给某人

如:I introduced Lily to Anna. 我把莉莉介绍给安娜。

9. invite sb. to do 邀请某人做某事

如:Lily invited me to go to her home for supper. 莉莉邀请我去她家吃晚饭。10.get along with sb. 与…相处

如:Do you get along well with your friends? 你和你的朋友相处得好吗?

11. would rather do sth. than do sth.表示愿做某事而不愿做某事

如:I would rather walk than run.

12.let sb. down 让某人失望如:Don’t let your mother down.不要让你的妈妈失望。

13. come up with sth.提出如He:came up with a good idea.他提出了一个好主意。

catch up with sb.追上赶上如:Lily caught up with Anna. 莉莉赶上了安娜。

14. have experience doing在做某事有经验

如:I have experience teaching Chinese. 我在教英语方面有经验。

※1.prefer v.更喜爱,更喜欢,相当于like……better,其过去式、过去分词为preferred,常用于以下结构:

(1)prefer+名词、代词I preferred music. Which do you prefer?

(2)prefer+动词不定式“宁愿干……”She prefers to live among the working people.

(3) prefer+v-ing I prefer living abroad.

(4)prefer+动词不定式复合结构:

常见的搭配有:

①prefer……to……喜欢……而不喜欢……(to为介词)She prefers apples to bananas.

②prefer doing to doing(to为介词)He prefers running to walking.

③prefer to do …… rather than do sth.宁愿干……而不愿干……

They prefer to play games rather than watch TV.

※2. not only … but (also) … 不但… 而且… 用来连接两个并列的成分

(1) 引导以not only …but (also)… 开头的句子往往引起部分倒装。也是说得要把前面的

句子中的助动词或者是情态动词放在主语的前面。

如:Not only can I do it but (also) I can do best. 我不仅能做到而且做得最好。

⑵Not only…but (also)… 接两主语时,谓语动词随后面的主语人称和数的变化也就

是就近原则如:Not only Lily but (also) you like cat. 不仅莉莉而且你也喜欢猫。

常见的就近原则的结构有:

Neither… nor…即不…也不… (两者都不)

Either… or… 不是…就是… (两者中的一个)

Not only …but (also)…

There be

Unit 9

1.被动语态:它是由“was/were+动语“过去分词”构成的。”

2.be used for:意思是“被用来做什么”,强调用途或作用.

3.be used as :意思是“被作为什么来用”,强调被当作工具或手段来用.

4.be used by:意思是“被谁使用”,强调使用者.

5.“名词+现在分词/过去分词”构成一个合成形容词,在句中作定语和表语。

6.插入语:当一个词、短语或从句用在句里,而与句子的其他成分没有语法上的关系时,它就是句子的独立成分。插入语就是这种独立成分之一。插入语一般对一句话做一些附加的解

释,放在句末时,通常在前面加逗号,放在句中时,有时在前后加逗号,有时不加任何标点符号。

7.according to+名词意思是按照、依照……所说,随着……的不同而不同

Unit10

1.“take+a+名词”结构来表示一次性动作。

2. happen to sb.某人发生某事, 指偶然地或碰巧发生,强调意外.

3. take place 意思也是发生,指经过安排或计划要发生的事情,强调必然性.

4. by the time 意思是“到……时为止,到……时”,注重时间的截止。

5. give one a ride.意思是“让某人搭便车”

6. forget to do sth.意思是“忘记做某事”,指“要做的事情忘记做”.

7. forget doing sth.意思是“忘记做了某事”,指“做了某事而把它忘记了”.

8. as...as..“像……一样”,常用来表示比较、倍数或程度,在这个结构中,前一个as是副词,后一个as是连词,它的否定形式是not so...as...或not as...as...

9. have to 是“不得不”的意思,指由于受条件限制或他人制约做某事,有被动的含义,无主观愿望;must是“必须,一定”的意思,有主观愿望和感情色彩.

10.try sb.for a job 试用某人;try one’s best to do sth.竭尽所能做某事;Unit11

1.get some information about the town是“询问有关城镇的信息”的意思.

2.decide to do sth.意思是“决定去做某事”.

3.talk to sb意思是“找某人谈话”

7.have trouble doing sth.表示“做某事有困难”.

8.in trouble/get into trouble表示“遇到困难,遇到麻烦”.

Unit1.How do you study for a test?

1.听磁带listen to tapes

2.向老师请求帮助ask the teacher for help

3.制作抽认卡make flashcards

4.观看英语录象watch English-language videos

5.朗读read aloud

6.练习语音practice pronunciation

7.说的技能speaking skills

8.太…而不能too …to

9.询问有关…ask about 10.学英语的最好方法the best way to learn English 11.具体的建议specific suggestions 12.观看演员说话watch the actors say the words 13.发现看电影令人沮丧find watching movies frustrating 14.得到大量的写作练习get lots of writing practice 15.一点也不not at all 16.变得兴奋get excited 17.结束做…end up doing sth.18.英语口语spoken English 19.练习说英语practice speaking English 20.加入英语俱乐部join an English club 21.嘲笑某人laugh at 22.编对话make up conversations 23.首先first of all 24 .一开始to begin with 25.写下write down 26.后来later on 28.做调查do a survey 29.做某事对某人来说困难It’s difficult for sb to do 30.在语法方面犯错make mistakes in grammar 31.发音正确get the pronunciation right 32.没关系It doesn’t matter.33.害怕做…be afraid to do sth/be afraid of doing sth/ be terrified to do sth /be sth. terrified of doing 34.造完整的句子make complete sentences 35.帮助很大help a lot 36.有点帮助help a little 37.秘诀之一one of the secrets 38.记笔记take

notes 39.一个好的语言学习者a good language learner 40.开始做…start doing /start to doing 41.喜爱做…enjoy doing sth.42.被感动be impressed 43.做…有困难.have difficulty doing sth/have problems doing sth/have trouble doing sth44.查字典look up …in a dictionary 45.获奖win a prize 46.处理deal with /do with 47.担心worry about 48.对…生气be angry with /be mad at 49.持续生气stay angry 50.时间流逝Time goes by51.看见某人在做某事see sb doing sth 52.意见不同have disagreements 53.解决问题solve a problem 54.把问题看作挑战regard problems as challenges 55.抱怨…complain about56.把…变成…change

sth into /turn …into 57.做某事是我们的责任It’s our duty to do sth 58.尽力做…try one’s best to do /do one’s best to…59.在老师的帮助下with the help of sb./with one’s help60.把…和…进行比较compare …to …61.尽责do one’s duty62.画水彩画paint pictures

Unit2.I used to be afraid of the dark.

1.过去常常used to do …

2.习惯于做…be used to doing …

3.被用来做…be used to do…

4.被某人使用be used by sb.

5.他长什么样?What does he look like?

6.他过去长什么样?What did he use to look like?

7.开始上学start school

8.在担心be worried about

9.一直all the time /always 10.走到学校walk to school 11.乘公共汽车take the bus 12.我最大的问题my biggest problem13.现在these days /at present /now /at the moment 14.起床早get up early 15.整天呆在学校stay at school all day 16.直接回家go right home 17.某人花时间或钱做某事sb. spend time doing sth 18.不再not any more/no longer19.同某人聊天chat with sb.20.带某人去听音乐会take sb. to concerts 21.几乎没有hardly ever 22.我的变化真大How I’ve changed!23.时间如飞How time flies! 24.在过去的几年时间里in the last few years 25.我的日常生活my daily life/my everyday life 26.使你紧张make you stressed out 27.加入某人join sb 28.参加…(活动)take part in …/join in…29.移居到…move to …30.留长发grow hair long 31.他似乎很累He seems tired./He seems to be tired./It seems that he is tired. 32.制造许多麻烦make lots of trouble/cause lots of trouble 33.得低分get bad grades 34.一个15岁的孩子a 15-year-old kid/a kid of 15 years old 35.问题儿童a problem child 36.最近的一次谈话a recent conversation 37.负担不起…can’t afford sth/can’t afford to do sth38.支付,付款pay for 39.照顾某人take care of sb/look after sb 40.照顾好某人take good care of sb /look after sb well 41.对学习感兴趣be interested in studying 42.闯祸进警局_get into trouble with the police 43.对…有耐心be patient with…44.放弃做某事give up doing sth/stop doing sth 45.最后at last /in the end /finally 46.做决定make a decision to do sth /decide to do sth 47.送某人去…send stb to …48.某人有必要做某事It’s necessary for sb to do sth 49.令某人惊奇的是to one’s surprise50.即使even though /even if 51.以…为自豪be proud of /take pride in 52.迫使某人做…make sb do 53.对…注意pay attention to 54.全神贯注于…pay f or attention to…55.父母的存在对孩子来说非常重要It’s very important for parents to be there for their children .56.对自己有信心feel good about oneself 57.男子寄宿学校a boys’ boarding school

Unit3.Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes

1.16岁的孩子a sixteen-year-old child

2.上课迟到get to class late

3.对某人要求严格be strict with sb.3.对某事要求严格be strict in sth.

4.考试没通过fail a test

5.目前at present

6.周五放假have Fridays off

7.养老院an old people’s home

8.通过考试pass a test

9.前不久,几天前the other day 10.注意力集中concentrate on…11.回复reply to 12.穿耳孔get ears pierced 13.兼职工作a part-time job 14.去商场go to the mall 15.驾驶执照driver’s license 16.不够认真not serious enough 17.代替,而不是instead of 18.在上学期间的晚上on school nights 19.去看电影go to the movies 20.熬夜stay up /sit up 21.打扫干净clean

up 22.参加考试take a test 23.校服school uniforms 24.看起来漂亮look smart 25.想做某事would like to do sth.26.对…有好处be good for …27.使某人快乐keep sb. happy 28.开办英语俱乐部start an English club 29.英英字典an English-English dictionary 30.英汉字典an English-Chinese dictionary 31.篮球练习basketball practice 32.一团乱麻a real mess 33.这件外套穿在你的身上好看。The coat looks good on you./You look nice in the coat.34.至少at least 35.8个小时的睡眠eight hours’ sleep/eight-hour sleep 36.走10分钟的路程ten minutes’ walk/ten-minute walk 37.表演节目perform a play 38.小学_a primary school 39.为报社写作

write for a newspaper 40.在报社做自愿者工作volunteer at the newspaper office 41.一周一次once a week 42.困倦的be sleepy 43.在简报里in the newsletter 44.自己做主,自己做决定make my own decisions /make decisions for myself _45.妨碍…get in the way of…46.赛跑明

星a running star 47.在学校的赛跑队里on the school running team 48.专业的运动员a professional athlete 49.实现某人的梦想achieve one’s dreams50.有机会做某事have an opportunity to do sth. 51.努力学习的重要性the importance of working hard 52.对某人来说极为重要be of great importance to sb. 53.对…认真be serious about … 54.极少数人very few people 55.一个难以实现的梦想a very difficult dream to achieve 56.关心,担心care about 57.只有那样我才有实现自己梦想的机会Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream. 58.在…花费时间spend time on sth. 59.对某人不满意be unhappy with sb. 60 .对某人满意be pleased with sb

Unit4. What would you do ?

1.和某人分享share…with sb

2.把它存进银行put it in the bank

3.把他给慈善机构give it to charity

4.医学研究medical research

5.如果我是你的话,我就穿衬衣打领带If I were you ,I would wear a shirt and tie.

6.提有关…的建议give advice on…

7.如果…怎么办呢?what if…

8.别的每一个人everyone else

9.如果你有一百万美圆你会做什么?What would you do if

you had a million dollars? 10.我希望我能飞到月球上去。I hope I could fly to the moon.11.

长粉刺get pimpels 12.参加一次大的考试take a big exam 13.帮助解决这个问题help with this problem 14.长时间散步take a long walk 15.在公众场合in public/in a public place 16.

做性格调查do a personality survey 17.作演讲,发表演说give a speech /make a speech 18.

在全校师生面前in front of the whole school 19.未经允许without permission 20.拍电影be in a movie 21.和某人成为朋友be friends with sb.22.感冒have a cold 23.向…作自我介绍introduce oneself to…24.等某人做某事wait for sb. to do sth. 25.邀请某人做某事invite sb. to do sth. 26.一点也不not …in the slightest/not …at all27.令某人生气annoy sb.28.来到某人身边come to sb. 29.胜过,而不是rather than 30.宁愿…而不愿….would rather do than do 31.整天all day 32.对某人有信心.have confidence in sb.32.对做某事有信心be confident of doing sth. 33.在午餐时间at lunch time 34.英语演讲比赛an English speech contest 35.代表班级参加学校的比赛.represent the class in the school contest 36.在学校的考试中名列前茅come top in the school exams 37.让…失望let …down38.想出,想到come up with … /think of/think up 39.解决问题的办法the solution to the problem 40.知道有,听说know of … 41.面临面对…be faced with…,face sth 42.一本急救的书a first-aid book 43.在附近的书架上on the nearby shelf 44.有许多关于处理青少年问题的经验have a lot of experience dealing with teenagers 45.在某方面有经验have experience in sth.46.出版come out 47.偶然by accident /by chance 48.用…把…盖住cover sth. With sth. 49.被…覆盖be covered with … 50.摔下楼梯fall downstairs 51.急忙去…hurry to… 52.医学救助medical help 53.查明,找出find

out 54.把烧伤部位放在凉的流动的水下冲。put the burned area under cold running

water 55.与某人相处get along (well) with…/get on (well) with… 56.很多的,足够的plenty of …57.历史上in history 58隐藏某物不要某人看见hide sth. from sb. 59.向某人寻求意见ask sb.for advice.

Unit 5 1.这本杂志是属于Carla 的。The magazine belongs to Carla./The magazine is Carla’s.2。海明威是她最喜欢的作家。Hemingwei is her favorite author. 3.古典音乐classical music 4.他可能知道去医院的路。He might know the way to the hospital./It’s possible that he knows the way to the hospital.5.杰克肯定在买小车。Jack must be selling cars./It’s certain that Jac k is selling cars.6.这座房子不可能是那个妇女的。The house can’t belong to that woman. /It is

certain that the house isn’t that woman’s. 7.门上的锁the lock on the door 8.这道门的钥匙the key to the door 9.一串钥匙a set of keys 10.去听音乐会go to the concert 11.听音乐会have a concert/take a concert /listen to a concert 12.举办音乐会. give a concert/hold a concert 13.在

音乐会期间during the concert 14.在音乐大厅in the symphony hall 15.在和某人约会.be at one’s appointment 16.和某人有约have an appointment with sb 17.占期末考试的30%make up 30% of the final exam /count 30% to the final exam 18.担心某人worry about sb/be worried about sb/be anxious about sb 19.“anxious”是什么意思?What does “anxious” mean?/What’s the meaning of “anxious”? 20.因为…,由于…because of /thanks to 21.拍电影make a movie/be in a movie 22.奇怪的生物a strange creature 23.在钟塔一带in Bell Tower neighborhood 4.在我们四邻in our neighborhood 25.这个女孩刚才发生了什么事?她出了车祸。What happened to the girl just now? She had a traffic accident. 26.开玩笑have fun 27.当地学校的老师the local school teacher 28.在走廊上in the hallway 29.我们学校有一家商店在卖学习用具。There is a shop selling school things in our school. 30.那边有个女孩在哭。There is a girl crying over there.31.进窗里来get in the window 32.在她的屋前in front of her house 33.当地动物园的主管the director of the local zoo 34.从…逃跑escape from…

Unit6. 1.喜欢…胜过…prefer…to…/like …better than…2提醒…remind of 3.黄河Yellow River 4.很合某人的意,对某人很合适suit sb fine 5.老实说,说实在的to be honest 6.对…有害be bad for…7.对…有好处be good for …8.与…保持距离keep away from/stay away from 9.意见一致be in agreement 10.附加疑问句tag question 11.随着音乐跳舞dance to music 12.跟着音乐唱歌sing along with music 13.我喜欢我能跟着跳舞的音乐。I like music that I can dance to.14.我喜欢我能跟着唱歌的音乐。I prefer music that I can sing along with .15.我更喜欢演奏各种音乐的音乐家。I prefer musicians who play different kinds of music 16.你喜欢那种音乐?What kind of music do you like? 17.你最喜欢的CD的名字是什么?What’s the name of your favorite CD? 18.你不喜欢这张CD的什么?What do you dislike about this CD? 19.你觉得这张CD怎么样?What do you think of this CD?/How do you like this CD ? 20.巴西舞蹈音乐Brazilian dance music 21.那对我来说真的不是很重要。That’s not really important to me.22.这些年来,很多年来over the years 23.寻求娱乐,找乐子look for entertainment 24.它的确有些特色。It does have a few good features.25.务必做…,记住做…be sure to do 26.在Lido展馆at the Lido Gallery 27.当今世界上in the world today/in the modern world 28.最著名的中国摄影师之一one of the best-known Chinese photographers 29.在这次展览中in this exhibition 30.展览on show/on display/on exhibition 31.人物照photos of people 32.乡村照photos of the countryside 33.吸引某人的注意interest sb 34.世界水准,世界级world class 35.无论什么whatever无论怎样however无论谁whoever无论哪里wherever 36.有十分奇怪的名字的音乐组合musical groups with pretty strange names 37.看见某人来来去去see sb come and go 38.使我们高兴make us happy 39.去度假go on vacation 40.没有什么比这更好的了。There’s nothing better. 41.无法忍受can’t stand 42.使我感到恶心make me feel sick 43.写一封回信给…write a reply to sb 44.必须坦白的说have to be honest and say 45.游览的好地方a good place to visit 46.民乐音乐会Chinese music concert 47.传统音乐traditional music 48.去吃意大利食物go for Italian food

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