南京市2018届高三年级第三次模拟考试英语试卷(解析版)

南京市2018届高三年级第三次模拟考试英语试卷(解析版)

第一部分听力(共两节,满分20分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1Why does the man want to leave?

A . The food is toobad.

B The music is too loud C. The service is too slow.

2What is the woman?

A.A nurse

B. A. teacher

C. A clerk

3.What does the man mean?

A .He missed the endof the game.

B. He got home a fewminutes late.

c. He watched the gamefive minutes.

4Where does the conversation probably take place?

A.In a shop.

B. At the cinema C .On a bus.

5.How long did the woman stay in Chicago?

A. 6 years

B. I2 years.

C.23 years

第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.Where is Starry House?

A.On South Street.

B. On Queen Road.

C.. In Stone Lane.

7.When will they meet at Starry House?

A. At 5:30 pm.

B. At 5:45 pm.

C. At 6 :00 pm.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题,

8.What are the speakers talking about?

A. Where to give theconcert.

B. Who to invite tothe concert.

C. How advertise theconcert.

9.What do the speakers agree to do in the end?

A. Put up notices.

B. Send out emails.

C. Hand out invitations

听第8段材料,回答第10 至12题。

10.Where did the woman play baseball?

A. In the park.

B. At the stadium.

C. In the playground.

11.Which sport is the woman weak in?

A . Baseball. B. Skating. C. Volleyball

12.Who else likes playing volley ball on the beach?

A. The woman's mom.

B. The woman's uncle.

C. The woman's sister.

听第9段材料,回答第13 至16题。

13.Where is the man going?

A. To thelibrary.

B. To the city museum.

C. To his new apartment.

14.What are the man's favorites?

A. Portraits.

B. Watercolors.

C. Oil paintings.

15.What does the man say about himself?

A. He wishes to paintvery well.

B. He loves thetraditional style.

C. He has highartistic ability

16.What is the woman going to do this weekend?

A. Buy a ticket B Goto the exhibition. C Take paintinglessons.

听第10段材料,回答第17 至20题。

17.Where is JollyGood Skincare's head office?

A. In London.

B. In York.

C. In Bath.

18.Why was "Feel Good" developed?

A. To open up newmarkets.

B. To introduce moderntechnology

C. To increase thevariety of products.

19.What is the selling point of "Feel Good"?

A. Its look.

B. Its history.

C. Its price.

20.When will "Feel Good" come into the market?

A. On September 10th.

B. On September 11th.

C. On September 12th.

1-5 BAACB 6-10ACCBA 11-15 BCACA 16-20 BBACC

第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. Sometimes it’shard to accept the truth _________ thelie sounds so much better.

A. because

B. unless

C. though

D. until

22. Held inside fortoo long, regret ______affect the immune system?

A. must

B. can

C. should

D. shall

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/6ab32b4a4b7302768e9951e79b89680203d86bda.htmling-of-age is aceremony _______youngpeople wear traditional costumes to mark the transition from youth toadulthood.

A. that

B. what C as D. where

24. We come fromdifferent cultures, and carry with_______ different histories.

A. it

B. that

C. us

D. them

25. The couch of thefootball team _______toresign to take responsibility for the failure, but it was rejected.

A. offered

B. managed

C. needed

D. afforded

26. The suspect wasreleased, as the evidencewas _______and, to some extent, ambiguous.

A. clear

B. thin

C. hard

D. negative

27. —Can you put me _______aboutthe World Cup Football Match?

—Sorry. I myself know nothingabout it.

A.in the air

B. on the move

C.in the picture D .on the post

28. The selfie hasinspired risk-taking behavior,_______ theboundaries of safety, whether by hanging from a skyscraper orposing with live explosives.

A. pushed

B. to push

C. pushing

D. having pushed

29.As more and morecompanies extend their global _______, it is easy to understand why new opportunitiesbirth in various locations.

A. concern

B. appeal

C. reach

D. consensus

30.Through the use of blogs, shy students who rarely ______ duringclass discussions are given a voice.

A. advance

B. focus

C. compromise

D. contribute

31.The agency willmake travel arrangements for you._______ , youcan organize your own transport.

A.Similarly

B.Furthermore

C. Instead

D.Alternatively

32. We watched theharbour and then the coastline______into themorning mist.

A. turn away

B. fade away

C. wear away

D. break away

33. The banker findsit difficult _______justas an ordinary human being at home.

A.to treat

B.to be treated

C. to have treated

D.to have been treated

34.They say at the end of your life, you regret thestuff you didn't do more than the stuff that you ______.

A. do

B.did

C. had done

D. would do

35.--- Hey, can youlend me some money, buddy? I am hard up these days.

--- ____. The funds Ibought came down again yesterday and I don’t have a bean now.

A.Forget it

B. No worry

C.No problem

D. Forgive me

答案:21-25 ABDCA 26-30 BCCCD 31-35 DBBBA

第21题考查连词。句意:有时候真相很难被接受因为谎言听起来更好听。故选A。

第22题考查情态动词。情态用词特殊用法,can表示可能。后悔在心里憋得时间过长,可能会有影响到免疫系统。故选B。第23题考查定语从句。成人礼是一个仪式,在这个仪式上孩子们穿着传统服饰标志着孩子从青少年成长为成年人。Where 表地点指代前面的ceremony。故选D。

第24题考查固定搭配。Carrywith sb sth,句意:我们来自不同的文化,我们背负着不同的历史。故选C。

第25题考查动词词义辨析。A主动提供,B成功做成,C需要,D付得起。句意:这支足球队的的主教练主动提出辞职来承担这场失利的责任,但是这个请求被拒绝了。根据句意,选A。

第26题考查形容词词义辨析。大致句意为指控被取消了,因为证据不够充分。A清晰,C坚硬牢靠,D消极的,均不符合句意,根据排除法,故选B。

第27题考查介词短语。A悬而未决,B在移动中,C知情,D当场,立刻。句意:——你能给我讲讲世界杯吗?——不好意思,我自己也不太清楚。Put sb in the picture about也可理解为固定搭配,故选C。

第28题考查时态语态。这里逗号加v-ing表示的是一种顺其自然的结果,“自拍激发了很多危险动作,引发了很多危险”,选C。

第29题考查名词辨析。A关心,B吸引,C可及之范围,D共识。句意:因为越来越多的公司开始扩展自己的国际贸易范围,因此也可以很容易的理解为什么新的机会都产生在各种地区。Extend …… reach,选C。

第30题考查动词辨析。大致句意为:通过博客的广泛使用,那些害羞的不敢再讨论上发言的学生也有了发表自己意见的地方。A促进,B关注,D贡献,均不符合句意,根据排除法,选D。意为在教室讨论中做出自己应有的贡献。

第31题考查副词词义辨析。句意:这个机构会帮你做好旅行安排。或者,你也可以自己安排出行方式。根据句意,该空格

表达的是选择的意思,故选D,Alternatively。

第32题考查短语辨析。句意:我们眺望了港口接着海岸线消失在早晨的雾霭之中。结合语意,表达的是海岸线延伸至远处,消失在雾霭之中,故用fade away,A远离,C磨损,D脱离;打破,均不符合句意,故选B。

第33题考查时态语态。被对待,表示被动,排除AC,不存在表示过去的含义,不需要用have,排除D,故选B。

第34题考查时态语态。句意为:在你生命的最后时间,你会更加后悔那些你没有做过的事而不是那些你做过的事。做过的事,时态为过去时,故用did,选B。

第35题考查情景交际。句意:——能借我点钱吗兄弟,最近手头拮据。——别想了,我买的基金昨天又亏了我现在一个子都没有了。首先排除BC,D forgive me用在要说或者请求一些鲁莽的事情前。(used before you ask or say something

that might seem rude)不符语境,故选A。

第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

What brought McCoy thatBaltimore alley was nothing to be proud of. McCoy was looking for a safe placeto do

___36____.He had been there for only a minute when something caught his eyes: a brownleather Rioni

handbag.Picking it up, he found it had been____ 37_____of everything but an electricity bill.

McCoy could ___38____all too well. One of his____39___ possessions, the sleeping bag, had recently been stolen.Remembering how angered he’d been by his own 40 ,he decided to return the purse.

He began right away, startingwith the ____41____on the bill. It was on the other side of the city.On the way, several people asked to buy the purse, but he __42___,“I’m returning this to its owner.”

After traveling much of theday and __43___approaching the address, he was stopped by a woman called Smith. She asked tobuy the purse. ____44___, McCoy refused, saying he was searching for itsowner. “But I am the owner,”thewoman said.

At Smith’s___45___ .McCoy told her his story. He’d been in charge o f a landscaping business until2012, when he was in acar accident that___ 46 him addicted to narcotics.

Smith, 47 , this stranger had gone to such great strengths toreturn her bag, asked to do something

tohelp. “I’m a heroin addict,”McCoy 48 .“I’m probably going to let you down.”

Undaunted, Smith gave him herphone number, saying, “If you want to go to rehab, call me.”She 49 his lost sleeping bag with her own, then drove himback and left, thinking that would be the 50 of it. Two days later, she got a call.

Smith realized that McCoy was 51 aboutgetting better; he even gave her the name of a 28-day rehab facility inFlorida. So she 52 her saving account and bought McCoy a plane ticket.While there, he would call her. “I heard his 53 over thephone. Every day he would call me, and it went from this scared, 54 voice to ahealthy, energetic voice.”

After 28 days there, McCoy isdrug-free. His life is back 55 .One crime victim would empathize with another’s loss.

36.A. drugs B. sports C.business D. study

37.A. rid B. removed C. emptied D. cheated

38.A. recall B. relate C. remember D. reflect

39.A. few B. many C. illegal D. original

40.A. loss B. deed C. desire D. response

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/6ab32b4a4b7302768e9951e79b89680203d86bda.html B. date C.number D. address

42.A. added B. declined C. promised D. hesitated

43.A. slowly B. secretly C. finally D. cautiously

44. A. Then B. Actually C. Constantly D. Again

45. A. urging B. insulting C. approving D. threatening

46. A. kept B. left C. found D. saw

47.A. amused B. confused C. amazed D. concerned

48.A. insisted B. repeated C.declared D. warned

49.A.shared B. replaced C. exchanged D. compared

50.A. end t B. star C. result D. cause

51.A. careful B. casual C. serious D. doubtful

52.A. went into B. dug into C. looked into D. checked into

53.A. satisfaction B. expectation C. transformation D. determination

54.A.calm B. anxious C. pleasant D. desperate

55.A. at will B. at risk C.on duty D. on track

答案:36-40 ACBAA 41-45 DBCDA 46-50 BCDBA 51-55 CBCDD

第36空根据后文M这个人吸毒,可以看出,他想找一个地方做毒品交易

第37空这个钱包被清空了所有东西,只有一张电子账单。

第38空 A与C同义必同错

第39空他没有多少东西了,因为所剩无几的睡袋也被人偷了

第40空 loss与stole还有后文的lost属于同义替换

第41空根据账单中的地址,M找到了失主,这与后面的theother side of the city 同义替换

第42空有人要买这个钱包,但是他委婉拒绝了

第43空最后,终于到达了目的地

第44空再一次,S提出要买这个钱包

第45空在S的一再敦促下,M分享了他背后的故事

第46空一次交通事故,使得M染上了毒品

第47空 S被这个吸毒者的诚实感到惊讶

第48空S提出要帮助M,但是M警告S,他吸毒

第49空S给了M她自己的睡袋

第50空 S把M送回了家,以为他们不会再有联系

第51空 S知道M解毒是真心的

第52空 S自己掏腰包,帮助M买了一张飞机票

第53空在电话里我听得出他的改变,与后面的went from 呼应

第54空之前M对生活绝望的声音,因为他连绝无仅有的睡袋都被人偷了,生无所恋导致绝望。但所幸的是,保留了最后的诚实

第55空固定搭配,生活回到了正规

第三部分阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Costa Rica NaturalParadise 9-Day Tour $1295

Volcanoes, Beaches &Rainforests --- w/All Hotels, Meals &Activities

南京市2018届高三年级第三次模拟考试英语试卷(解析版)

56. During the 9-daytour, tourists will have a chance to .

A. spend time in volcanic hotsprings

B. hike in the desert

C. feed crocodiles and birds

D.camp in a national park

57. Which promotionstrategy does the tour agency employ?

A. Revealing others’shortcomings.

B. R educing itsoriginal price.

C. Presenting tourists’comments.

D. Giving away free activities.

答案:56-57 AC

56. 选A。根据day4:enjoy a relaxing soak in volcanic hot springs提示,enjoy同义替换spend time,故选A。根据day 8:hike through the rainforest提示,B错;根据day 7:enjoy birdwatching & crocodile spotting提示,C错;根据day7:continue to your Manuel Antonio hotel located atNational Park提示,D错。

57. 选C。根据右下角的框中他人的评论提示,故选C。ABD原文中根本没有提到

B

Humanity has begun wrestling with the dangers of globalthreats such as climate change. But fewauthorities are planning for catastrophic solar storms-huge eruptions of massand energy from the sun that destroy Earth’s magnetic field. In a recent paper,two Harvard University scientists estimate the potential economic damage fromsuch an event

will increase in the future and could equal the current U.S.GDP-about $20 trillion-150years from now.

This kind of storm hashappened before. The so-called Carrington Event in 1859, the most intensemagnetic storm ever recorded on Earth, caused auroras (极光)in the atmosphere and even delivered electric shocks totelegraph operators. But a Carrington-scale storm today would cause far moreharm because society now depends so heavily on electrical power grids,communications satellites and GPS.

In an effort to quantify thatthreat, astrophysicists Abraham Loeb and Manasvi Lingam of the

Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics developed a mathematical model that assumessociety’s vulnerability (脆弱性)to solar stormswill grow with technological advances. Under this model, during the next 50years

thepotential for economic damage will depend primarily on the rising odds of astrong solar storm over time. Beyond 50 years our vulnerability will increasedramatically with technological progress until the latter levels off.

Some scientists question themodel’spredictions. “Estimating the economic impact is challenging now, let alone inover a century,”says Edward Oughton, a research associate at the University ofCambridge’s Center for Risk Studies. Yet he warns that uncertainty should notstop us from practical preparations, such as making power grids stronger andimproving early-warning systems.

Loeb and Lingam think up amuch wider strategy: a $100-billion magnetic deflector shield (导流板), positioned between Earth and the sun. This ideaseems “pretty preposterous,”however, given that solar particles arrive atEarth from all directions, says Daniel Baker, director of the Laboratory forAtmospheric and Space Physics at the University

of Colorado Boulder.

A better understanding of“space weather”-the changing condit ion in Earth’s outer space environment,including solar radiation and particles-could help find the best strategies forconfronting a dangerous solar storm, says Stracey Worman, a senior analyst atconsulting firm Abt Associates. “This is a challenging but important question,”Worman says, “that we need more eyes on.”

58. According toEdward Oughton, which of the following about solar storms is right?

A. They will become much stronger in 150 years.

B. Technology makes their potential damage grow.

C. It’s difficu lt to predict their possible economicdamage.

D. Space weather forecast can effectively help dealwith them.

59.The underlined word “preposterous”inParagraph 5 means .

A. unreasonable

B. practical

C.innovative

D.inflexible

60. The author writesthe passage mainly to .

A. report the damage of solar storms

B. remind people to guard against solar storms

C. introduce the characteristics of solar storms

D. analyze the possible cause of solar storms

58. 选C。根据题目Edward Oughton提示,找到第4段第1、2行:estimating the economic impact is challenging now,challenging 同义替换为difficult,estimate同义替换为predict,故选C。

59. 选A。根据第5段第1行提示:wilder strategy,wilder说明了感情趋向,再来看这个idea:$100-billionmagnetic deflector shield, positioned between Earth and the sun,非常的狂野,几乎不可能,所以只能选A,unreasonable“不切实际的”。

60. 选B。通读全文可知作者的情感取向,ACD的确是文章的内容的一部分,但题目问的是作者写作目的,根据最后一段第二行:help find the best strategies for confronting a dangerous solarstorm,最后一句:this is achallenging but important question that we need more eyes on说明作者在提醒大家阻止solar storm,故选B

C

There are plenty of goodreasons for a young person to choose to go to university: intellectual growth,career opportunities, having fun. Around half of school-leavers in the richworld now do so, and the share is rising in poorer countries, too.

Governments are keen on highereducation, seeing it as a means to increase social mobility and economicgrowth. But they tend to overestimate the benefits and ignore the costs ofexpanding university education. Often, public money just feeds the arms race forqualifications.

As more young people seekdegrees, the returns both to them and to governments are lower. Employersdemand degrees for jobs that never required them in the past and havenot become more demanding since. In a desperate attempt to stand out, studentsare studying even longer, and delay ing work, to obtain master’s degrees.

Spending on universities isusually justified by the “graduate premium”— the increase in earnings thatgraduates enjoy over non-graduates. These individual gains, the thinking goes,add up to an economic increase for society as a whole. But the graduate premiumis a flawed unit of calculating. Part of the usefulness of a degree is that itgives a graduate jobseeker an advantage at the expense of non-graduates. It isalso a signal to employers of general qualities, such as intelligence anddiligence, that someone already has in order to get intoa university. Some professions require qualifications. But a degree is notalways the best measure of the skills and knowledge needed for a job. Withdegrees so common, recruiters are using them as a simple way to evaluateapplicants. Non-graduates are thus increasingly locked out of nice work.

In any case, the premiumcounts only the winners and not the losers. Across the rich world, a third ofuniversity students never graduate. It is the weakest students who are drawn inas higher education expands and who are most likely to drop out. They pay feesand sacrifice earnings to study, but see little increase in their futureincomes. When dropouts are included, the expected financial return to startinga degree for the weakest students shrinks to almost nothing. Manyschool-leavers are being misled about the probable value of university.

Governments need to offer theyoung a wider range of options after school. They should start by rethinkingtheir own hiring practices. Most insist on degrees for public-sector jobs thatused to be done by non-graduates, including nursing, primary-school teachingand many civil-service posts. Instead they should seek other ways fornon-graduates to prove they have the right skills and to get more on-the-jobtraining.

School-leavers should be givena wider variety of ways to gain job skills and to demonstrate their employability inthe private sector. If school qualifications were made more strict, employerswould be more likely to trustthem as signals of ability, and less insistent on degrees. Universities shouldgrant credits to dropouts for the parts of courses they havecompleted. They could also open their exams to anyone who wants to take them,and award degrees to those who succeed.

Such measures would be moreefficient at developing the skills that increase productivity and should savepublic money. To promote social mobility, governments would do better to directfunds to early-school education and to helping students who would benefit fromuniversity but cannot afford it. Young people, both rich and poor, areill-served by the arms race in academic qualifications, in which each must study longer because thatis what all the rest are doing. It is time to disarm.

61. How does theauthor consider higher education?

A. It5s a good way to raise students5social status.

B. It definitely benefits the development of economy.

C. It will amply reward individuals and governments.

D. It’s a waste of money for some students andtaxpayers.

62. What does theunderlined word “them”in paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Degrees.

B. Returns.

C. Employers.

D. Jobs

63. What is theauthors’ preferred solution to the issue?

A. To decrease university drop-out rates.

B. To improve the teaching qualities of universities.

C. To open more public-sector jobs to non-graduates.

D. To provide school-leavers with proper job training.

64. What is the besttitle for the passage?

A. Measures to boost social mobility

B. Time to end the academic arms race

C. Difficulty in solving unemployment

D. Necessity of changing hiring practices

61. 选D。文中第二段提及“Often, public money just feeds the arms race for qualification”在文末重提“Such measures would be more efficient at developing the skills thatincrease productivity and should save public money”所以作者认为对于一些学生和纳税人而言,高等教育是在浪费金钱,所以答案选择D。

62. 选A。Them所在的当句为“Employersdemand degrees for jobs that never required them in the past and have notbecome more demanding since,”所以文中指的是老板过去曾经不需要学历。这里的them指代degrees。

63. 选D。作者在文中提出了“Instead they should seek other ways for non-graduates to prove theyhave the right skills and to get more on the job training.”所以作者提出了要让辍学者得到合适的工作培训。所以D选项正确。A选项没有提及,文中只提出了让大学资格的获得更严格。B选项也没有提及。C选项文中说的是private sector而并非publicsector。

64. 选B。A选项过于片面,提高社会流动性只是政府支持大学教育的理由之一,并非全文核心。C选项偏离主题,文中探讨的是辍学者和大学教育的问题,并不是谈失业。D选项同理,偏题主题。排除法得B 选项最佳。B选项包含了文中的内容

D

Recently, I was made keenlyaware of the different Englishes I do use. I was giving a talk to many people,the same talk I had already given to half a dozen other groups. The nature ofthe talk was about my writing, my life, and my book, The Joy Luck Club.The talk was going along well enough until I remembered one major differencethat made the whole talk sound wrong. My mother was in the room. And it wasperhaps the first time she had heard me give a lengthy speech, using the kindof English I have never used with her. I was saying things like, “theintersection of memory upon imagination”—a speech filled with all the forms ofstandard English that I had learned in school, the forms of English I did notuse at home with my mother ①.

You should know that mymother’s expressive command of English doesn’t show how much she actuallyunderstands. She reads the Forbes report and listens to Wall StreetWeek一all kinds ofthings I can’t begin tounderstand, ②Yet some of my friends tell me they understand noneof what my mother says, as if she were speaking pure Chinese. But tome, my mother’s English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural.③Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, fullof observation and imagery. That wasthe language that helped shape the way I sawthings, expressed things, made sense of the world.

Lately, I’ve been giving morethought to the kind of English my mother speaks.④Like others, I have described it to people as“broken”English. But I wince when I say that. It has always bothered me that Ican think of no way to

describe it other than “broken”,as if it were damaged and needed to be fixed, I’veheard other terms used, “limited English”,for example. But they seem to indicate thateverything is limited, including p eople’s perceptions of the limited Englishspeaker.

And I had plenty of evidenceto support me: the fact that people in department stores, at banks, and atrestaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service,pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her.

WhenI was fifteen, she used to have me call people on the phone to pretend I wasshe. One time I was forced to call her stockbroker in New York and say in anadolescent voice that was not very convincing, “This is Mrs. Tan”. And mymother was standing in the back whispering loudly, “why he don’t send me check,already two weeks late. So mad he lie to me, losing me money”. And then I saidin perfect English and gave him warnings. The following week there we were infront this astonished stockbroker, and I was sitting there red-faced and quiet,and my mother, the real Mrs.Tan, was shouting at his boss in her brokenEnglish.

I think my mother’s Englishalmost had an effect on limiting my possibilities in life as well. Sociologi stsand linguists probably will tell you that a person’s developing language skillsare more influenced by peers. But I do think that the language spoken in thefamily, especially in immigrant families plays a large role in shaping thelanguage of the child. I also had teachers who were trying to steering me awayfrom writing and into math and science.

Fortunately, I happen to berebellious in nature and enjoy the challenge of disproving assumptions madeabout me.

I became an English major my first year in college. When I began towrite, I decided I should envision a reader for the stories I would write.And the reader I decided upon was my mother, because there were stories aboutmy mothers. So with this reader in mind—and in fact she did read my earlydrafts—I began to write stories using all the Englishes I grew up with: theEnglish I spoke to my mother, which for lack of better term might be describedas “simple”;the English she used with me, which for lack ofbetter term might be described as “broken”;and what I imagined to be her translation of her Chinese if she could speak inperfect English, her internal language, and for that I sought preserve theessence, but neither an English nor a Chinese structure. I wanted to capturewhat language ability tests can never reveal: her intent, her passion, herimaginary, the rhythms of her speech and the nature of her thoughts.

Apart from what any critic hadto say about my writing, I knew I had succeeded where it counted when my motherfinished reading my book and gave me her opinion: “So easy to read.”

65. What happenedduring the speech, according to paragraph 1?

A. The author’s mother arrived unexpectedly at thespeech.

B. The author delivered wrong information to theaudience.

C. The author admitted that she could use standardEnglish.

D. The author began to reflect on the differentEnglishes she used.

66. In which blank weput the sentence “It’s my mother tongue.”?

A.①

B.②

C.③

D.④

67. How does theauthor feel about her mother’s English being described as “limited”?

A. Ashamed

B. Uncomfortable

C. Astonished

D.Disappointed.

68. The author tellsthe story in Paragraph 5 to .

A. show the limitations of her mother’s English.

B. Indicate that people in New York are easily takenin.

C. explain the reasons for others’ bad attitude to hermother.

D. display the difficulty immigrants had fitting intosociety.

69.In what way wasthe author influenced by her mother?

A. Her mother helped her draft her writing.

B. Her mother greatly shaped her writing.

C. Her mother’s language ability inspired her.

D. Her m other’s language almost ruined her life.

70. What can belearned from the passage?

A. The author’s writing retells what happened to hermother.

B. American language ability tests are unfair toChinese immigrants.

C. The author finds it impossible to describe hermother’s language.

D. The author feels lucky to have inherited culturefrom her mothers.

65. 选D。第一段文中“recently, I was made keenly aware of the different Englishes I douse.”和“The talk was goingalong well enough until I remembered one major difference that made the wholetalk sound wrong”可知作者在演讲中突然反应过来她所用的不同的英语,答案选择D。

66. 选C。It’s my mothertongue. 在1处与前文所述话题矛盾,前文在说标准英语,而这句显然是在说来自作者妈妈的“broken English”,所以不选A。2处上文在说读的报刊,与这句话所说内容无法相连,错误。3处上文在说mymother’s English 而后文在说她的语言的特点。恰好能连上,所以放在3处合适。4处上文是在思考的内容,前后不连贯。所以放在3处最合适,答案选C。

67. 选B。由文中“But they seem to indicate that everything is limited, includingpeople’s perceptions of thelimited English speaker”可知作者并不满意limitedEnglish这种说法,所以答案选择Buncomfortable。

68. 选A。文中举了作者模仿妈妈和股票经纪人对话,段落中“Why he don’t send mecheck, already two weeks late. So mad he lie to me, losing me money”具体地向读者展示了她妈妈的broken English。所以答案选A。

69. 选B。文中提及,作者脑海中的读者是她妈妈“The reader I decided upon was my mother”;作者用所有学到的英语写书,“I began to write stories using all the English I grew up with; theEnglish I spoke to my mother……”所以说作者的母亲极大地改变了作者的写作。所以答案选择B。A选项错误,作者的母亲没有帮助作者起草原稿只是阅读了原稿。C选项错误,启迪了作者的是“herintent, her passion , her imagery, the rhythms of her speech and the nature ofher thoughts”并不是作者母亲的语言能力。D选项错误,文中提及“limitingmy possibilities in life”但没有毁了作者的一生。

70. 选D。由原文知,作者的故事“these were stories about mothers”所以这是关于母亲们的故事,而不是复述她的母亲身上发生了什么,A选项错误。B选项主观臆断,作者说了语言测试不能够展示人内在的本质,但没有说语言能力测试对中国移民不公平。C选项错误,作者认为最好的描述她母亲的语言的

就是“broken English”。答案D正确

第四部分任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。

What can we learn from Amish people?

Many people think of the Amishas living without. These devout communities, predominantly located inPennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana, go without cars, TVs, computers, phones or eventhe electricity needed to run so much of 21st century gadgetry. But whatresearchers who have studied them have found is what the Amish have a surplusof: good health in late life. The average American life expectancy is currentlyjust under 79 years. Back in 1900, it was only 47, but for early-20th centuryAmish it was already greater than 70. Over the decades, most Americans

havecaught up in overall life expectancy, but the Amish still have a significant edgein late-life health, with lower rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease,diabetes and more. So how do they do it?

Start with lifestyle. Amishcommunities are agrarian, with no modern farm equipment, meaning all the workhas to be done by hand. In 2004, the American College of Sports Medicine fittedAmish volunteers with pedometers to determine how much physical activity theyperformed. The results were dramatic. Amish men took 18,425 steps a day andwomen 14,196 steps, compared with non-Amish people who are encouraged bydoctors to shoot for at least 10,000 steps-and typically fail. Including otherforms of manual labor-lifting, chopping, sowing, planting-the Amish are sixtimes as active as a random sample of people from 12 countries.

One result of this is that only 4% of Amish people are obese, compared with 36.5% ofthe overall US population. Amish children are about one-third as likely asnon-Amish to be obese, according to a 2012 study in PLOS One. This means 50%lower rates of Type 2 diabetes.

The near absence of tobacco inthe Amish community-some men do smoke cigars--results in a 63%lower rate of tobacco-related cancers, according toa 2004 study of Ohio's Amish population. The Amish also had rates of allcancers that were 40% lower than therest of the Ohio population.

Cardiovascular disease is onearea in which the Amish don't have an edge, with blood-pressure andheart-disease rates slightly higher than those of other populations. Some ofthis might be attributed to the Amish diet, which is heavy on pancakes, eggsand sausage for breakfast, and meat, potatoes, gravy and bread for dinner.Working the farm can burn off those calories, but all the fat and salt andcarbs still have a bad effect.

The most powerful weapon inthe Amish long-life arsenal, however, may be genes. The Amish population in theUS is about 318,000, descended from just 200 families that immigrated in the1700s. They mostly marry within their own communities, which means the genesthat existed when their ancestors got to America have remained. That can be adangerous thing if bad genes are hidden in the mix but a good thing if thegenes are sound. While no community is without genetic problems, the Amish seemto have gotten a lucky draw.

In a study released lastNovember, researchers announced the discovery of a gene in an Amish communitythat seemed to be associated with an average life span 10% longer than that of people without the gene.

While much of the Amishadvantage is unique to the Anish themselves, there is one long-life lesson onthey can teach everyone else. Almost all elderly people in the Amish communityare cared for at home, by relatives. This isn't

南京市2018届高三年级第三次模拟考试英语试卷(解析版)

南京市2018届高三年级第三次模拟考试英语试卷(解析版)

第五部分书面表达(满分25分)

81.请认真阅读下面这幅图片及相关文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章

南京市2018届高三年级第三次模拟考试英语试卷(解析版)

【写作内容】

1.用约30个单词概述图片和文字的主要内容;

2.用约120个单词阐述你的观点,内容包括:

(1)对“设立家规”这一做法的认识(至少两点);

(2)请列举一条你家的家规以及你对它的理解。

【写作要求】

1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

3.不必写标题。

【评分标准】

内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

81. One possible version

Due to their child’s lying aboutthe exam, a couple have a thorough discussion and decide to lis t some familyrules, which they think will help regulate his behavior. (29 words)

Familyrules are an effective tool for motivating and disciplining children. First ofall, under the guidance of family rules, every child in the family will become clear about parents’expectations. In addition, family rules help children understand what behaviorsare acceptable, which can help children learn to observe rules in other places.

My family also has a list of familyrules, which apply to not only me but also my parents. For instance, one ofthem is “Pick up after yourself”. We are expected to put away our stuff afterwe are done with it. It enhances household safety and cleanliness, helping medevelop a good habit of keeping clean.

So let’s work together to obey the family rules, which can result in a harmonious familyrelationship. (128 words)

书面表达评分建议

一、评分原则

1.本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分。

2.评分时,可先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。

3.少于130词或多于170词的,从总分中酌情减去1-2分。

4.评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、运用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的连贯性及语言的得体性。

5.拼写和标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。

6.如字迹难以辨认,以致影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。

二、内容要点

1.用约30个单词概述图片和文字的主要内容;

2.对“设立家规”这一做法的认识(至少两点);

3. 请列举一条你家的家规以及你对它的理解。

三、各档次的给分范围和要求

南京市2018届高三年级第三次模拟考试英语试卷(解析版)

南京市2018届高三年级第三次模拟考试英语试卷(解析版)

南京市2018届高三年级第三次模拟考试英语试卷(解析版)

第一部分听力(共两节,满分20分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1Why does the man want to leave?

A . The food is toobad.

B The music is too loud C. The service is too slow.

2What is the woman?

A.A nurse

B. A. teacher

C. A clerk

3.What does the man mean?

A .He missed the endof the game.

B. He got home a fewminutes late.

c. He watched the gamefive minutes.

4Where does the conversation probably take place?

A.In a shop.

B. At the cinema C .On a bus.

5.How long did the woman stay in Chicago?

A. 6 years

B. I2 years.

C.23 years

第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.Where is Starry House?

A.On South Street.

B. On Queen Road.

C.. In Stone Lane.

7.When will they meet at Starry House?

A. At 5:30 pm.

B. At 5:45 pm.

C. At 6 :00 pm.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题,

8.What are the speakers talking about?

A. Where to give theconcert.

B. Who to invite tothe concert.

C. How advertise theconcert.

9.What do the speakers agree to do in the end?

A. Put up notices.

B. Send out emails.

C. Hand out invitations

听第8段材料,回答第10 至12题。

10.Where did the woman play baseball?

A. In the park.

B. At the stadium.

C. In the playground.

11.Which sport is the woman weak in?

A . Baseball. B. Skating. C. Volleyball

12.Who else likes playing volley ball on the beach?

A. The woman's mom.

B. The woman's uncle.

C. The woman's sister.

听第9段材料,回答第13 至16题。

13.Where is the man going?

A. To thelibrary.

B. To the city museum.

C. To his new apartment.

14.What are the man's favorites?

A. Portraits.

B. Watercolors.

C. Oil paintings.

15.What does the man say about himself?

A. He wishes to paintvery well.

B. He loves thetraditional style.

C. He has highartistic ability

16.What is the woman going to do this weekend?

A. Buy a ticket B Goto the exhibition. C Take paintinglessons.

听第10段材料,回答第17 至20题。

17.Where is JollyGood Skincare's head office?

A. In London.

B. In York.

C. In Bath.

18.Why was "Feel Good" developed?

A. To open up newmarkets.

B. To introduce moderntechnology

C. To increase thevariety of products.

19.What is the selling point of "Feel Good"?

A. Its look.

B. Its history.

C. Its price.

20.When will "Feel Good" come into the market?

A. On September 10th.

B. On September 11th.

C. On September 12th.

1-5 BAACB 6-10ACCBA 11-15 BCACA 16-20 BBACC

第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. Sometimes it’shard to accept the truth _________ thelie sounds so much better.

A. because

B. unless

C. though

D. until

22. Held inside fortoo long, regret ______affect the immune system?

A. must

B. can

C. should

D. shall

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/6ab32b4a4b7302768e9951e79b89680203d86bda.htmling-of-age is aceremony _______youngpeople wear traditional costumes to mark the transition from youth toadulthood.

A. that

B. what C as D. where

24. We come fromdifferent cultures, and carry with_______ different histories.

A. it

B. that

C. us

D. them

25. The couch of thefootball team _______toresign to take responsibility for the failure, but it was rejected.

A. offered

B. managed

C. needed

D. afforded

26. The suspect wasreleased, as the evidencewas _______and, to some extent, ambiguous.

A. clear

B. thin

C. hard

D. negative

27. —Can you put me _______aboutthe World Cup Football Match?

—Sorry. I myself know nothingabout it.

A.in the air

B. on the move

C.in the picture D .on the post

28. The selfie hasinspired risk-taking behavior,_______ theboundaries of safety, whether by hanging from a skyscraper orposing with live explosives.

A. pushed

B. to push

C. pushing

D. having pushed

29.As more and morecompanies extend their global _______, it is easy to understand why new opportunitiesbirth in various locations.

A. concern

B. appeal

C. reach

D. consensus

30.Through the use of blogs, shy students who rarely ______ duringclass discussions are given a voice.

A. advance

B. focus

C. compromise

D. contribute

31.The agency willmake travel arrangements for you._______ , youcan organize your own transport.

A.Similarly

B.Furthermore

C. Instead

D.Alternatively

32. We watched theharbour and then the coastline______into themorning mist.

A. turn away

B. fade away

C. wear away

D. break away

33. The banker findsit difficult _______justas an ordinary human being at home.

A.to treat

B.to be treated

C. to have treated

D.to have been treated

34.They say at the end of your life, you regret thestuff you didn't do more than the stuff that you ______.

A. do

B.did

C. had done

D. would do

35.--- Hey, can youlend me some money, buddy? I am hard up these days.

--- ____. The f unds Ibought came down again yesterday and I don’t have a bean now.

B.Forget it B. No worry

C.No problem

D. Forgive me

答案:21-25 ABDCA 26-30 BCCCD 31-35 DBBBA

第21题考查连词。句意:有时候真相很难被接受因为谎言听起来更好听。故选A。

第22题考查情态动词。情态用词特殊用法,can表示可能。后悔在心里憋得时间过长,可能会有影响到免疫系统。故选B。

第23题考查定语从句。成人礼是一个仪式,在这个仪式上孩子们穿着传统服饰标志着孩子从青少年成长为成年人。Where表地点指代前面的ceremony。故选D。

第24题考查固定搭配。Carrywith sb sth,句意:我们来自不同的文化,我们背负着不同的历史。故选C。

第25题考查动词词义辨析。A主动提供,B成功做成,C需要,D付得起。句意:这支足球队的的主教练主动提出辞职来承担这场失利的责任,但是这个请求被拒绝了。根据句意,选A。

第26题考查形容词词义辨析。大致句意为指控被取消了,因为证据不够充分。A清晰,C坚硬牢靠,D消极的,均不符合句意,根据排除法,故选B。

第27题考查介词短语。A悬而未决,B在移动中,C知情,D当场,立刻。句意:——你能给我讲讲世界杯吗?——不好意思,我自己也不太清楚。Put sb in the picture about也可理解为固定搭配,故选C。

第28题考查时态语态。这里逗号加v-ing表示的是一种顺其自然的结果,“自拍激发了很多危险动作,引发了很多危险”,选C。第29题考查名词辨析。A关心,B吸引,C可及之范围,D共识。句意:因为越来越多的公司开始扩展自己的国际贸易范围,因此也可以很容易的理解为什么新的机会都产生在各种地区。Extend …… reach,选C。

第30题考查动词辨析。大致句意为:通过博客的广泛使用,那些害羞的不敢再讨论上发言的学生也有了发表自己意见的地方。A促进,B关注,D贡献,均不符合句意,根据排除法,选D。意为在教室讨论中做出自己应有的贡献。

第31题考查副词词义辨析。句意:这个机构会帮你做好旅行安排。或者,你也可以自己安排出行方式。根据句意,该空格表达的是选择的意思,故选D,Alternatively。

第32题考查短语辨析。句意:我们眺望了港口接着海岸线消失在早晨的雾霭之中。结合语意,表达的是海岸线延伸至远处,消失在雾霭之中,故用fade away,A远离,C磨损,D脱离;打破,均不符合句意,故选B。

第33题考查时态语态。被对待,表示被动,排除AC,不存在表示过去的含义,不需要用have,排除D,故选B。

第34题考查时态语态。句意为:在你生命的最后时间,你会更加后悔那些你没有做过的事而不是那些你做过的事。做过的事,时态为过去时,故用did,选B。

第35题考查情景交际。句意:——能借我点钱吗兄弟,最近手头拮据。——别想了,我买的基金昨天又亏了我现在一个子都没有了。

(used before you ask or say something that might seem rude)首先排除BC,D forgive me用在要说或者请求一些鲁莽的事情前。

不符语境,故选A。

第二节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

What brought McCoy thatBaltimore alley was nothing to be proud of. McCoy was looking for a safe placeto do

___36____.He had been there for only a minute when something caught his eyes: a brownleather Rioni handbag.Picking it up, he found it had been____ 37_____of everything but an electricity bill.

McCoy could ___38____all too well. One of his____39___ possessions, the sleeping bag, had recently been

stolen.Remembering how angered he’d been by his own 40 ,he decided to return the purse.

He began right away, startingwith the ____41____on the bill. It was on the other side of the city.On the way, several people asked to buy the purse, but he __42___,“I’m returning this to its owner.”

After traveling much of theday and __43___approaching the address, he was stopped by a woman called Smith. She asked tobuy the purse. ____44___, McCoy refused, saying he was searching for itsowner. “But I am the owner,”thewoman said.

At Smith’s___45___ .McCoy told her his story. He’d been in charge of a landscaping business until2012, when he was in acar accident that___ 46 him addicted to narcotics.

Smith, 47 , this stranger had gone to such great strengths toreturn her bag, asked to do something

tohelp. “I’m a heroin addict,”McCoy 48 .“I’m probably going to let you down.”

Undaunted, Smith gave him herphone number, saying, “If you want to go to rehab, call me.”She 49 his lost sleeping bag with her own, then drove himback and left, thinking that would be the 50 of it. Two days later, she got a call.

Smith realized that McCoy was 51 aboutgetting better; he even gave her the name of a 28-day rehab facility inFlorida. So she 52 her saving account and bought McCoy a plane ticket.While there, he would call her. “I heard his 53 over thephone. Every day he would call me, and it went from this scared, 54 voice to ahealthy, energetic voice.”

After 28 days there, McCoy isdrug-free. His life is back 55 .One crime victim would empathize with another’s loss.

36.A. drugs B. sports C.business D. study

37.A. rid B. removed C. emptied D. cheated

38.A. recall B. relate C. remember D. reflect

39.A. few B. many C. illegal D. original

40.A. loss B. deed C. desire D. response

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/6ab32b4a4b7302768e9951e79b89680203d86bda.html B. date C.number D. address

42.A. added B. declined C. promised D. hesitated

43.A. slowly B. secretly C. finally D. cautiously

44. A. Then B. Actually C. Constantly D. Again

45. A. urging B. insulting C. approving D. threatening

46. A. kept B. left C. found D. saw

47.A. amused B. confused C. amazed D. concerned

48.A. insisted B. repeated C.declared D. warned

49.A.shared B. replaced C. exchanged D. compared

50.A. end t B. star C. result D. cause

51.A. careful B. casual C. serious D. doubtful

52.A. went into B. dug into C. looked into D. checked into

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