1. Motivation; Family support; peer pressure; financial status; future career goals.
2. English grammar helps a lot in the following:
a) Order sentences properly; b) use words properly; c) talk with other English speakers confidently. English grammar is of little help:
a) Only gives rules that are hard to remember; b) is not helpful in a real-life setting due to the limited time to think and recall the rules; c) not always applicable to the real language, especially idioms.
3. Use more communicative ways; encourage a lot of interactions; put sentences in meaningful contexts.
4. Read more English from online sources; watch English TV/listen to English radio/watch English online videos; talk often with English speakers; listen carefully and extensively; use dictionaries to look up unfamiliar words; use new words as often as possible.
5. Read English newspapers, magazines, and books; write English as often as possible; write emails in English
Words in use
9 precisely 10 beneficial
Manager----managerial; editor----editorial; substantial----substance; survive----survival; traditional----tradition; marginal----margin; consistent----consistency; accurate----accuracy; efficiency----efficient; recover----recovery; minister----ministry; assemble---assembly
9 survival 10 tradition 11 consistency 12 efficient
1 L; 2C; 3L; 4A; 5I; 6O; 7N; 8E; 9H; 10F
Expressions in use
1.feel obliged to;
2. be serious about;
3. run into;
4. distinguish between;
allergic to;7.get lost; 8.be attracted to; 9.make sense; 10.looked upon as
Structure analysis and writing
Some bookworms in my dormitory often spend hours reading their “Bible”, Practical English Grammar, and do a lot of exercises in that book, but I don’t care about it at all. My assumption is since I have never learned Chinese grammar, what’s the sense of learning English grammar? In fact, English grammar has always been a big headache to me.
English grammar is very complicated because, unlike Chinese, there are many verb tenses. Even stranger than verb tenses, English grammar also contains something very confusing. For example, I do not remember how many times my middle school teacher tried to “impose” the differences between used to and be used to on us. Sometimes he would go on with the explanation for 20 minutes or so. He even summarized the differences by listing three or four points for us to memorize. However, they could never stay in my mind. I do not remember how many times I got it wrong with the sentences containing used to or be used to on my exams. I was really confused with these two phrases, and I can never get them right.
In brief, I am allergic to learning English grammar. Curiously, I just wonder if the native speakers of English have a microcomputer in their brain to help them utter the two phrases promptly with just a click of their brain mouse
Chinese calligraphy, a distinctive art form, is proclaimed to be one of the unique art treasures in the world. Its formation and development is closely related to the emergence and evolution of Chinese characters, which, in the long course of history, have not only served as a vehicle for exchanging ideas and transmitting culture but also evolved into a unique art form. Calligraphic works is a faithful representation of calligraphers’ personal feelings, knowledge, self-cultivation, personality, and thus there exists a phrase that “seeing the calligrapher’s handwriting is like seeing the person”. As one of the treasures of Chinese culture, Chinese calligraphy shines splendidly in the world’s art treasure house.
Understanding the text
1. effort counts; no pains, no gains; where there is a will, there is a way.
2. perseverance; determination; motivation;
3. more time commitment; more learning strategies; more perseverance
4. probably not since it’s too tedious and will drive me crazy; probably will if it could work out perfectly.
5. yes. One’s knowledge is expanded and accumulated through learning a language, thus language learning is changing and shaping one’s mind gradually.
No. Language is just language and it has nothing to do with the shaping of one’s mind; the mindset has more to do with one’s nature, personality, and the way of one’s thinking.
Words in use
Expression in use
2.in a bid to;
5.get hold of;
1. Even though it is important for the students to have a deep understanding of the texts, it doesn’t make any sense to read texts word for word from the beginning to the end.
2. As it is a matter of little importance to us, it does not make much sense to argue out which is wrong or right or which is better or worse.
3. It makes no sense to compel children to obey their parents; instead, we should try to tell them what is right and what is wrong.
1. If I had known it was so hot yesterday, I might as well have stayed at home.
2. Since we waited for so many hours at the airport last night, we might as well have taken the train home.
3. I already knew the secret, so he might as well have told me all about it.
1. essential framework
2. distinctive difference
3. high standards
4. valuable possession
5. considerable frustration
6. acquire knowledge
7. overcome deficiencies
8. sketch thoughts 9. devise a scheme
4. Language deficit;
10.sketch thoughts; 11.effective communication; 12.advanced vocabulary