大学英语新视野第三版Unit课后练习答案

Section A

Critical Thinking

1. Motivation; Family support; peer pressure; financial status; future career goals.

2. English grammar helps a lot in the following:

a) Order sentences properly; b) use words properly; c) talk with other English speakers confidently. English grammar is of little help:

a) Only gives rules that are hard to remember; b) is not helpful in a real-life setting due to the limited time to think and recall the rules; c) not always applicable to the real language, especially idioms.

3. Use more communicative ways; encourage a lot of interactions; put sentences in meaningful contexts.

4. Read more English from online sources; watch English TV/listen to English radio/watch English online videos; talk often with English speakers; listen carefully and extensively; use dictionaries to look up unfamiliar words; use new words as often as possible.

5. Read English newspapers, magazines, and books; write English as often as possible; write emails in English

Language focus

Words in use

3.

1 condense

2 exceed

3 deficit

4 exposure

5 asset

6 adequate

7 competent

8 adjusting

9 precisely 10 beneficial

Word building

4.

Manager----managerial; editor----editorial; substantial----substance; survive----survival; traditional----tradition; marginal----margin; consistent----consistency; accurate----accuracy; efficiency----efficient; recover----recovery; minister----ministry; assemble---assembly

5.

1 editorial

2 recovery

3 accuracy

4 substance

5 managerial

6 margin

7 assembly

8 Ministry

9 survival 10 tradition 11 consistency 12 efficient

Banked cloze

6

1 L; 2C; 3L; 4A; 5I; 6O; 7N; 8E; 9H; 10F

Expressions in use

7

1.feel obliged to;

2. be serious about;

3. run into;

4. distinguish between;

5.thrust upon;

6.was

allergic to;7.get lost; 8.be attracted to; 9.make sense; 10.looked upon as

Structure analysis and writing

Some bookworms in my dormitory often spend hours reading their “Bible”, Practical English Grammar, and do a lot of exercises in that book, but I don’t care about it at all. My assumption is since I have never learned Chinese grammar, what’s the sense of learning English grammar? In fact, English grammar has always been a big headache to me.

English grammar is very complicated because, unlike Chinese, there are many verb tenses. Even stranger than verb tenses, English grammar also contains something very confusing. For example, I do not remember how many times my middle school teacher tried to “impose” the differences between used to and be used to on us. Sometimes he would go on with the explanation for 20 minutes or so. He even summarized the differences by listing three or four points for us to memorize. However, they could never stay in my mind. I do not remember how many times I got it wrong with the sentences containing used to or be used to on my exams. I was really confused with these two phrases, and I can never get them right.

In brief, I am allergic to learning English grammar. Curiously, I just wonder if the native speakers of English have a microcomputer in their brain to help them utter the two phrases promptly with just a click of their brain mouse

Translation

9

人们普遍认为英语是一种世界语言,很多不以英语为第一语言的国家经常使用英语。与其他语言一样,英语也变化很大。英语这种语言的历史可分为三个阶段:古英语、中古英语和现代英语。公元5世纪,三个日耳曼部落入侵英国,他们对英语语言的形成起了很大的作用,英语由此起源。中世纪和现代社会初期,英语的影响遍及不列颠群岛。自17世纪初伊始,全世界都开始感受到英语的影响。欧洲的探险和殖民历时百年,让英语发生了巨变。如今,美国电影、电视、音乐、贸易和技术(包括互联网在内)风靡一时,美国英语的影响尤为显着。

10

Chinese calligraphy, a distinctive art form, is proclaimed to be one of the unique art treasures in the world. Its formation and development is closely related to the emergence and evolution of Chinese characters, which, in the long course of history, have not only served as a vehicle for exchanging ideas and transmitting culture but also evolved into a unique art form. Calligraphic works is a faithful representation of calligraphers’ personal feelings, knowledge, self-cultivation, personality, and thus there exists a phrase that “seeing the calligrapher’s handwriting is like seeing the person”. As one of the treasures of Chinese culture, Chinese calligraphy shines splendidly in the world’s art treasure house.

Section B

Understanding the text

2

1.D

2. A.

3. C.

4. A.

5. C.

6. B.

7. C.

8. D

Critical thinking

3

1. effort counts; no pains, no gains; where there is a will, there is a way.

2. perseverance; determination; motivation;

3. more time commitment; more learning strategies; more perseverance

4. probably not since it’s too tedious and will drive me crazy; probably will if it could work out perfectly.

5. yes. One’s knowledge is expanded and accumulated through learning a language, thus language learning is changing and shaping one’s mind gradually.

No. Language is just language and it has nothing to do with the shaping of one’s mind; the mindset has more to do with one’s nature, personality, and the way of one’s thinking.

Language focus

Words in use

4

1.mysterious;

2.desperate;

3.devise;

4.negotiate;

5.recalled;

6.specifically;

7.depict;

8.ignorance;

9.expand; 10.confusion

Expression in use

5

1.apply to;

2.in a bid to;

3.end up;

4.Speaking of;

5.get hold of;

6.appealed to;

7.leaving…behind;

8.focus on

Sentence structure

6

1. Even though it is important for the students to have a deep understanding of the texts, it doesn’t make any sense to read texts word for word from the beginning to the end.

2. As it is a matter of little importance to us, it does not make much sense to argue out which is wrong or right or which is better or worse.

3. It makes no sense to compel children to obey their parents; instead, we should try to tell them what is right and what is wrong.

7

1. If I had known it was so hot yesterday, I might as well have stayed at home.

2. Since we waited for so many hours at the airport last night, we might as well have taken the train home.

3. I already knew the secret, so he might as well have told me all about it.

Collocation

Warm-up

1. essential framework

2. distinctive difference

3. high standards

4. valuable possession

5. considerable frustration

6. acquire knowledge

7. overcome deficiencies

8. sketch thoughts 9. devise a scheme

8

1.essential framework;

2.proper vocabulary;

3.excellent control;

4. Language deficit;

5.high standards;

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/81ab0c7881c4bb4cf7ec4afe04a1b0717fd5b300.htmlnguage proficiency;

7.acquire knowledge;

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/81ab0c7881c4bb4cf7ec4afe04a1b0717fd5b300.htmlpetent communication;

9.overcome deficiencies;

10.sketch thoughts; 11.effective communication; 12.advanced vocabulary

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