项目管理框架及过程组练习题

项目管理框架及过程组练习题

1. Project sponsors have the GREATEST influence on the scope, quality, time, and cost of the project during the: A

A. Concept phase.

B. Development phase.

C. Execution phase.

D. Close-down phase.

在下列哪一个阶段项目发起人对项目的范围、质量、时间和成本有最大的影响力:

A. 概念阶段

B. 制定阶段

C. 实施阶段

D. 收尾阶段

2. In the initiation phase of your project, it is apparent that different departments of the client’s company hold different views on project structure and project deliverables. What is the best action for you? B

A. Ask the client when they will finalize their requirements.

B. Work with leaderships from each department to collaboratively engineer a mutually acceptable solution.

C. Make sure the terms and conditions of the contract are clear.

D. List the consequences of changes in th e contract’s requirements section.

在项目的启动阶段,客户公司内部各部门关于项目结构和可交付成果明显存在不同观点,你的正确行动应该是:

A. 询问客户什么时候能够达成一致性需求

B. 与客户各部门领导合作,策划一个相互都能接受的解决方案

C. 确保合同条款清楚

D. 在合同要求条款中列明变更的后果

3. Complex projects, involving cross-disciplinary efforts, are MOST effectively managed by:

B x[C]

A. Multiple lead project managers.

B. A functional organization.

C. A strong matrix organization.

D. A strong traditional manager.

复杂的项目涉及跨部门的工作,可以通过哪种方式进行有效管理:

A.多个项目负责经理

B.职能式组织

C. 强矩阵组织

D. 强势的传统经理

4. It is critical for your company to offer its products on the Internet to increase its market share. The company has no previous experience in this area, but it believes that knowledge is needed rapidly. As you have shown an interest in the Internet, you are asked to start planning for this project. What is the FIRST step to take as you begin planning?

B

A. Identify the risks.

B. Plan the scope.

C. Establish a resource plan.

D. Complete a cost and schedule estimate.

公司迫切需要通过因特网销售产品,以期扩大市场份额,公司缺少这方面的经验,但又意识到知识是迫切需要的。由于你表现出对因特网的兴趣,公司要求你开始计划这个项目。要

开始计划编制,你的第一步工作是:

A. 识别分险

B. 计划范围

C. 建立资源计划

D. 完成成本和进度控制

5. Major difficulties arise when multiple projects need to be managed in the functional organizational structure because of—

B

A. The level of authority of the project manager

B. Conflicts over the relative priorities of different projects in competition for limited resources

C. Project team members who are focused on their functional specialty rather than on the project

D. The need for the project manager to use interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts informally

当多项目需要由职能型组织结构管理时,就会出现很大的困难。这是因为:

A.项目经理的权利级别

B.不同项目在争取有限资源时的相对优先等级冲突

C. 项目团队成员关心他们各自的职能专业而不是项目本身

D. 项目经理需要利用人际技能非正式的解决冲突

6. A KEY activity in closing out a project is to:

C x [B]

A. Disseminate status reports and risk assessment.

B. Disseminate information to formalize project competition.

C. Monitor the specific project results to determine if they comply with relevant quality standards.

D. Transfer all the project records to the project owners.

项目收尾时的一个关键活动是:

A. 发布状态报告和风险评估

B. 发布消息以正式确认项目完工

C. 监控具体的项目结果以确定其是否符合相关质量标准

D. 把全部项目记录转移给项目所有人

7. The terms strong, balanced and weak matrix when applied to matrix structure in project organization refer to:

A. Ability of the organization to achieve its goal

B. Degree to which team members bond together

C. Physical proximity of project team members to one another and to project manager

D. Degree of authority the project manager over team resources

强、弱和平衡矩阵在项目组织架构中的含义是:

Bx[D]

A.组织实现目标的能力

B.团队成员的关联程度

C.项目团队成员之间及与项目经理之间的物理接近程度

D.项目经理对团对资源的权力水平

8. You are performing administrative closure for the project execution phase of the project. Upon completion of this step, you will have project archives, formal acceptance, and –-

B

A. Project reports.

B. Lessons learned.

C. Performance measurement documentation.

D. Statement of work updates.

你来负责项目执行过程中的最后行政结尾工作,为了完成这项工作,你将建立项目档案、正式验收、和----

A. 项目报告

B. 经验教训

C. 绩效衡量文件

D. 工作说明书的更新

9. During project execution, a project team delivers a project deliverable to the customer. However, the customer neither acknowledges the deliverable nor says if it is acceptable, although

an approval is required. What is the BEST thing to do?

Dx[C]

A. Continue with the project.

B. Document the situation.

C. Contact management for help.

D. Call a meeting of the team.

在项目的执行过程中,项目团队向客户交付了一个可交付成果。然而,客户既没有承认也没有说是否接受这个成果,尽管你需要一个批准。最好的事情应该是:

A.继续这个项目

B.记录情况并存档

C. 联系管理部门请求帮助

D. 召集团队会议

10. A project should be terminated for all of the following reasons except:

BX[A]

A. Lack of team synergy necessary to achieve top quality.

B. The project no longer meets the company’s object ives.

C. The resources are not available to complete project activities.

D. Project funding has been significantly reduced.

一个项目在以下原因时应当终止,但不包括:

A. 缺少实现最高质量的团队凝聚力

B. 项目不再符合公司的目标

C. 没有完成项目活动的资源了

D. 项目资金大大减少了

11. The project is completed and the final deliverable has been sent to the customer, but the customer refuses to give final acceptance of the project. It is MOST important for the project manager to:

Bx [C]

A.Inform management of the situation.

B.Ask the team for assistance.

C.Document the situation.

D.Initiate legal proceedings.

项目已经完成,而且最终可交付成果也提交给了客户。但客户拒绝给出最终接受产品的报告。此时,对项目经理最重要的是:

A.将此问题通知管理层

B.恳求团队帮助

C.将此问题备案

D.开始法律程序

12. The previous project manager for your project managed it without much project organization. There is a lack of management control and no clearing defined project deliverables. Which of the following would be the BEST choice for getting your project better organized?

A

A.Adopt a life cycle approach to the project.

B.Develop lessons learned for each phase.

C.Develop specific work plans for each work package.

D.Develop a description of the product of the project.

项目的前任项目经理管理项目时没有使用过多的项目组织,同时也缺乏控制及对项目可交付物的清晰定义。为了有效组织这个项目,应该采取哪项措施?

A.采用生命周期法

B.每阶段结束后都进行经验总结

C.为每个工作包制定具体的工作计划

D.描述项目产品

13. An advisor to a new project manager tells the project manager to create lessons learned at the end of a project. What does a lessons learned include?

A

A.Variances and their causes

B.Reports from the customer

C.Reports from management

D.All the plans used in the project

一位顾问建议项目经理在每个项目收尾阶段进行经验总结。经验总结包括:

A.偏差及其产生的原因

B.客户的报告

C.管理报告

D.项目中出现的所有计划

14. You are considering creating a project management office (PMO)at your firm and have solicited the opinions of some of the senior management in your company. The first representative recommends that the PMO should manage all projects in the firm. The second believes that the PMO should handle large projects budgeted over a defined dollar amount. The third thinks a PMO should simply provide support to the department project managers. What should you do?

D

A.Go with the first representative’s opinion because a project management office is intended to be a central repository for all project information and management of all projects.

B .Go with the second representative’s opinion because it is not practical f or the project management office to manage all projects. The most important projects should be managed by a focused group of trained project professionals.

C.Get other opinions from the representatives’ employees.

D.Begin the process of gaining authority and formal approval for implementing all three choices. 你决定在公司内组建项目管理办公室(PMO),你征求了部分公司高级管理层的意见。第一位代表认为,PMO 应该管理公司所有的项目,第二位认为PMO 应该管理预算在一定金

额之上的项目,第三位则认为PMO 只负责支持部门项目经理。你应该怎么做?

A.采用第一位代表的意见,因为PMO 就是所有项目信息和项目管理的智囊团

B.采用第二位代表的意见,因为让PMO 管理所有的项目是不符合实际的。一些重要的项目应该由一部分受过专业培训的人管理

C.再从其他员工代表那里获取建议

D.就采取三位代表的意见获得授权及正式认同

15. You are trying to help project managers in your organization understand the project management process groups and the project management process. Many of them are confusing the project life cycle with the project management process. Which of the following identifies the DIFFERENCE between these two?

D

A.The project life cycle is created based on the top level of the work breakdown structure. B.The project management process is longer.

C.The project management process only applies to some projects.

D.The project life cycle describes what you need to do to complete the work.

你正在帮助项目经理区分项目管理过程组和单个项目管理过程。很多人分不清项目生命周期和项目管理过程。以下哪项描述了二者的区别?

A.项目生命周期是根据工作分解结构中高层级内容来划分的

B.项目管理过程更长些

C.只有一些项目运用项目管理过程

D.项目生命周期描述了为完成工作所要做的事情

16. A project manager measures the project against the project management plan to determine if the project is in control. Which of the following could also be done during the monitoring and controlling process group?

C x[A]

A.Administer procurements

B.Distribute information

C.Implement quality assurance procedures

D.Continuous improvement

一项目经理正在衡量项目是否按照管理计划进行以确定项目是否在控制范围内。以下哪项也可以在监控过程组完成?

A.管理采购

B.发布信息

C.实施质量保证程序

D.持续改进

17. You have been working on a nine-month project for six months. The project is ahead of schedule when one of the functional managers tells you that the resources committed to the project are no longer available. After checking further, you discover that the company has just started another project and is using the resources committed to your project. You believe that the new project is not critical, but the project manager is the son of a board member. What is the BEST course of action in this situation?

B

A.Determine when resources will become available.

B.Ask the project management office to formally prioritize the projects.

C.Use the reserve to hire contractors to complete the work.

D.Negotiate a new schedule with the other project manager.

你正在管理为期9 个月的项目,目前已经历经6 个月了。项目进度提前。此时职能经理告诉你,项目上某一资源不能再继续使用。后来你发现,公司开始了另一新项目,且使用了之前你项目上的资源。你认为新项目并没有你所管理的项目重要,但项目经理是管理委员会成员的儿子。此时,你最应该采取哪项措施?

A.确定资源何时可再用

B.请求项目管理办公室对你的项目进行优先级授权

C.雇佣承包商来完成工作

D.同另外一位项目经理协商,然后制定一个新进度计划

18. When is the earliest time administrative closure should be completed?

C x【A】

A.At the end of each project phase.

B.At the end of the project

C.Whenever a deliverable is complete

D.Whenever a new project manager takes over a project

行政收尾最早应该在何时完成?

A.每个项目阶段结束之后

B.项目结束之后

C.当可交付成果完成时

D.当新项目经理接手一个项目时。

19. Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate thing to do during the executing process group?

Dx[A]

A.Reevaluate the project’s business case when a severe problem occurs.

B.Recommend updates to the project management plan.

C.Recalculate how long the project will take.

D.Determine if project controls need to be updated.

以下哪项最应该在执行过程组完成?

A.当困难问题发生时重新评估项目的商业案例

B.更新项目管理计划

C.重新计算项目的历时

D.确定是否需要更新项目监控

20. A new project manager is having difficulty creating a WBS with the team. To alleviate this situation, the project manager should ask for help from:

Ax[C]

A.The sponsor

B.Other project managers.

C._______The project management office.

D.The team.

项目经理和团队在制定工作分解结构时遇到了困难,为了解决此问题,项目经理应该寻求谁的帮助?

A.发起人

B.其他项目经理

C.项目管理办公室

D.团队

21. Which of the following BEST describes the major constraints on a project?

Ax[C]

A.Scope, number of resources, and cost

B.Scope, cost, and time

C.Acope,time, cost,quality,risk,resources,and customer satisfaction

D.Time, cost, and number of changes

以下哪项描述了项目的主要制约因素?

A.范围、资源数量和成本

B.范围、成本和进度

C.范围、进度、成本、质量、风险、资源和客户满意度

D.进度、成本和变更的数量

22. in which project management process group is the detailed project budget created?

C

A.Initiating

B.Before the project management process

C.Planning

D.Executing

在哪个管理过程创建详细的项目预算?

A.启动

B.项目管理过程之前

C.规划

D.执行

23. People from the business development department are the only ones completing a project. Whenever questions arise, they are passed to the heads of other departments, to the people in these departments, and then back to the business development department. This is causing delays on the project. Why might this method of communicating be happening?

Dx[C]

A.The communications management plan is not clear.

B.There is no project charter.

C.The project is being managed in a functional organization.

D.The work breakdown structure did not show responsibilities.

只有业务发展部的员工负责完成项目。一旦出现问题,他们就把问题丢给其它部门的领导和员工,然后再回到业务发展部。这样的工作流程导致了项目延期。为何会出现这样的沟通方式?

A.沟通管理计划不清晰

B.没有项目章程

C.项目是在职能组织里实施的

D.工作分解结构没有包括具体的职责

24. which of the following statements BEST describes the rule that has been ignored when a project which was originally scheduled for completion in six months has been ongoing for two years?

Ax[D]

A.Too many activities can mean the project never is completed.

B.The project needs only one project sponsor.

C.The WBS is a good way to determine project activities.

D.A project is something that is temporary.

以下哪项很准确的解释了一个计划历时6 个月的项目已经进行了2 年的原因?

A.过多的活动意味着项目不可能被完成

B.项目只需要有一个发起人

C.工作分解结构时确定项目活动的最佳工具

D.项目具有临时性的特点

25. Being told to complete the project in three months using only four resources is an example of: A

A.Constrains.

B.Earned value analysis components.

C.Benefit cost ratios.

D.Law of diminishing returns.

被告知项目要求在3 个月内完成,而且只能使用4 种资源,这是以下哪个例子?

A.制约因素

B.挣值分析

C.收益成本比率

D.收益递减规律

26. A project manager in a predominantly hierarchical organization has been assigned a major project with aggressive timelines. the BEST approach for developing an initial project charter in this environment is to:

AX[C]

A .Create a project charter using brainstorming sessions with potential team members and stakeholders.

B.Create and present a draft project charter to potential team members and stakeholders to solicit their input.

C.Create a project charter jointly with management for distribution to potential team members and Stake holders.

D.Create a project charter with the functional managers and present it to the sponsor for signature. 一位项目经理工作在一个组织结构层级分明的企业工作,最近被分配了一个关键项目,而且项目期限非常紧张。在这种情况下,制定初步项目章程的最佳方法为:

A.和潜在项目团队及干系人进行头脑风暴来制定项目章程

B.制定一个项目章程草稿然后呈现给项目团队及干系人,并征求他们的意见

C.和管理层制定项目章程,然后分发给潜在团队成员及干系人

D.和职能经理一起制定项目章程,然后找发起人签字

27. Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate thing to do during the monitoring

and controlling process group?

DX[C]

A.Implement recognition and reward systems.

B.Obtain sign-off of the product of the project.

C.Issue performance reports.

D.Keep everyone focused on completing the project to the charter.

在监控过程组,最应该实施以下哪项内容?

A.实施认可和奖赏系统

B.完成项目产品

C.发布绩效报告

D.确保项目所有人按照项目章程完成项目

28. Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate thing to do during the closing process group?

AX[C]

A.Work with the customer to determine acceptance criteria.

B.Collect historical information from previous projects.

C.Conform all the requirements in the project have been met.

D.Gain formal approval of the management plans.

在收尾过程组,最应该实施以下哪项内容?

A.和客户一起确定产品接受标准 QIDONG

B.从以前的项目上收集历史信息

C.确保满足项目所有要求

D.获得对管理计划的正式批准

29. The WBS and WBS dictionary are completed. the project team has begun working on

identifying risks. the sponsor contacts the project manager, requesting that the responsibility assignment matrix be issued. the project has a budget of US$100,000 and is taking place in three countries using 14 human resources. there is little risk expected for the project and the project manager has managed many projects similar to this one. what is the NEXT thing to do?

B

A.Understand the experience of the sponsor on similar projects.

B.Create an activity list.

C.Make sure the project scope is defined.

D.Complete risk management and issue the responsibility assignment matrix.

已经完成了工作分解结构和工作分解结构词典,项目团队正在识别风险。发起人要求项目经理发布责任分配矩阵。项目的预算为100,000 美金,且跨度3 个国家,使用14 种人力资源。项目预期风险很小,而且项目经理以前做过很多类似的项目。接下来应该怎么做?

A.了解以前类似项目发起人的经验

B.创建活动清单

C.定义项目范围

D.完成风险管理计划,并发布责任分配矩阵

30. Which project management process group normally takes the MOST project time and resources?

D

A.Planning

B.Design

C.Integration

D.Executing

项目管理的哪个过程组花费最多的时间和资源?

A.规划

B.设计

C.整合

D.执行

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