药学英语第4版课后练习判断题翻译及答案

1.much of our present physiological knowledge has been found from the

experiments and studies on human beings. 我们目前的生理知识已经发现从实验和研究人类。F

2.the cell are grouped together to form tissues which,thus,consist of a lot of cells.

细胞被组合在一起形成的组织,因此,包括大量的细胞。F

3.living cells break down glucose and fats to provide energy for other

activities,which are called catabolism. 活细胞分解葡萄糖和脂肪提供能量等活动,被称为分解代谢。F

4.the white cells play an important role in defense against infection. 白细胞在抗

感染防御中起重要作用。Y

5.the right atria pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs where it absorbs oxygen

from the air. 右心房缺氧血液泵至肺部,它吸收空气中的氧气。F

6.the nervous system uses electrical signals to transmit information very rapidly to

specific cells. 神经系统利用电信号将信息传送到特定的细胞。T

7.the level of sodium increases in the extracellular fluid, the cardiac muscle cells

become too excitable and may contract. 细胞外液中的钠水平升高,心肌细胞的兴奋性,可能成为合同。F

8.the secretions of insulin fall with the decreasing of the concentration of glucose.

胰岛素的分泌量随葡萄糖浓度的降低而下降。T

9. a negative feedback loop is a control system that acts to maintain the level of

some variable within a given range following a disturbance. 负反馈回路是一种控制系统,该控制系统在给定的范围内,在给定的范围内保持一定的变量的水平。T

10.once homeostatic conditions lose the maintenance, the body will suffer. 一旦失

去维持稳态条件,全身遭殃。T

11.the American mass media has done a good job to make antibiotics popular

among people. 美国大众媒体做了一个很好的工作,使抗生素在人们中流行。

T

12.the inadequacies and potential dangers of antibiotics are not as widely known as

their virtues. 抗生素的不足之处和潜在的危险也不普遍被称为他们的美德。T 13.an antibiotics-minded doctor is one who is often hesitant to prescribe antibiotics

for his patients. 一个有抗生素的医生是一个经常为病人开药的人。F

14.not all antibiotics are prescription drugs. 并非所有抗生素都是处方药。T

15.over-the-counter products of antibiotics often give people more troble as they

can be easily available. 抗生素处方产品往往会给人更多的烦恼,因为他们可以很容易获得。F

16.mumps,meales and common colds are all virus infections and can not be cured

by antibiotics. 流行性腮腺炎、麻疹和感冒都是病毒感染,不能用抗生素治愈。

T

17.microorganisms resistant to antibiotics and other chemotherapeutic drugs can be

divided into two types:natural and acquired. 耐抗生素和其他化学药物的微生物可以分为2种类型:天然和获得。F

18.the duration and extent of use of a certain antibiotics in a given location would

result in strains of bacteria resistant to the antibiotics. 特定部位使用抗生素的

持续时间和程度会导致抗生素耐药性的菌株。T

19.bacteriostatic drugs are more preferred than bactericidal ones in preventing the

development of resistance. 抑菌药物比防止耐药性的发展,杀菌更优先。F 20.anaphylactic reaction happens less frequently and is less when the antibiotics is

given by mouth. 过敏反应发生的那么频繁,少时是通过口服抗生素。T

21.each it is faced with a new pathogen, the immune system will generate new

proteins known as effective antibodies. 每一个都面临着一个新的病原体,免疫系统会产生新的蛋白质被称为有效抗体。F

22.when a new pathogen enters the body, the immune system will selectively

deploys the existing antibodies, and mass screen its antibody repertoire to identify the ones that work best. 当一个新的病原体进入体内,免疫系统会选择性地使用现有的抗体,其抗体库筛选和质量鉴定工作最好的。T

23.by looking for signs of a desired activity in almost anything,combinatorial

chemistry generate a large number of related compounds and then screen the collection for the ones with medical value. 通过寻找一个几乎所有的期望活动的迹象,组合化学产生了大量的相关化合物,然后筛选与医疗价值的集合。T 24.with the more efficient screening tests and burgeoning knowledge aboout how a

molecule's biological activities are likely to be changed , the traditional approach of discovering new drugs has been improved. 与更有效的筛选试验和新兴的知识关于如何分子的生物活性是有可能改变的,发现新药物的传统方法进行了改进。F

25.with the parallel synthesis used to identify which small segment of any given

large protein bound to an antibody , Mario Geysen generated a variety of short protein fragments by combining multiple amino acids in different permutations.

用于确定任何给定的大蛋白结合到抗体的小片段的平行合成,Mario Geysen 产生各种短蛋白片段结合在不同的排列多个氨基酸。T

26.a parallel synthesis and a spilt-and-mix synthesis are different in that in a

spilt-and-mix synthesis , all the products are assembled separately in their respective reaction vessels. 平行合成和拆分和组合合成是不同的,在一个洒了混合合成,所有的产品组合分别在各自的反应容器。F

27.in a combinatorial synthesis , with the requirements that compounds are

required to be linked to the beads and later to be detached from them, the chemical reactions actually make the synthesis process more complicated, whereas the purification easier. 在一个组合的合成,与所需的化合物的要求,以被链接到的珠子,并与它们分离后,化学反应,实际上使合成过程更复杂,而纯化更容易。F

28.in many laboratories , robots are used in the routine work of parallel synthesis to

deliver smalll amounts of reactive molecules into appropriate wells,thus making the process more accurate and less tedious. 在许多实验室,机器人用于提供小数量的活性分子在适当的威尔斯平行合成的日常工作,从而使过程更准确和更繁琐。F

29.in a parallel synthesis,each compound remains in its own container;while in a a

split-and-mix synthesis ,the related componds are mixed up in the same reaction vessel. 在一个平行的合成,每个化合物仍在自己的容器;而一一拆分与组合

合成,在同一反应容器的相关化合物混合起来。T

30.in order to solve the difficulties of identifying the compounds made in a parallel

synthesis , scientists pull out from the mixture the beads that bear biologically active molecules and determine the molecular makeup of the compound attached. 为了解决在一个平行合成的化合物进行鉴定的困难,科学家从混合物中取出生物活性分子的混合物,并确定该化合物附着的分子结构。T

31.90% to 95% of plants on this planet have not been investigated so far. 90%到95%

的植物在这个星球上还没有被调查至今。T

32.to incorporate natural products in the modern HTS programmes , a natural

product library is not useful. 将天然产物纳入现代高温超导方案,天然产物库是不有用的。F

33.natural products have been a source of drugs and drug leads. 天然产物是药物

和药物的来源。T

34.the traditional way of discovering drug from natural product is bioassay-guided.

从天然产物中发现药物的传统方法是生物测定法。T

35.academia and some semi-academic research organizations , usually apply

modern approaches to natural product drug discovery. 学术界和一些半学术研究组织,通常采用现代方法来天然产物药物发现。F

36.cephalosporin C is an antiviral compound. 头孢菌素C是一种抗病毒化合物。F

37.most of the 877 small molecular new chemical entities introduced as drugs

during 1981-2002 were form natural product derivatives other than naural product mimic. 877大部分小分子新化学实体药物中均形成了1981-2002天然产物的衍生物比其他产品模仿自然。T

38.medern drug discovery approaches uses short time and greater amounts of

compounds. 现代药物发现方法使用时间短和更大量的化合物。F

39.discovery of the active (determined by various bioassays) natural molecule ,

which itself or its structural analogues could be an ideal drug candidate is called "lead" discovery. 对主动发现(通过各种生物检测确定)的天然分子,其本身或其结构类似物可能是一个理想的候选药物被称为“领导”的发现。T

40.dereplication is the procsee by which one can eliminate re-isolation of similar

compounds from various extracts. 表的过程,可以消除各种提取物类似化合物重新隔离。T

41.the presence of gunpowder residue on a murder defendant's hand really requires

quantitative analysis. 在一个谋杀案被告的手上火药残留的存在确实需要定量分析。F

42.the term "analytical science" ignores the role of instrument applications in this

field. “分析科学”一词,忽略了仪器在这一领域中的作用。T

43.quantitative analysis is usually base on qualitative analysis. 定量分析通常是在

定性分析的基础上。T

44.a selective reaction usually occurs only with the substances of interest. 选择性

反应通常只发生在感兴趣的物质。F

45.quantitative tests are more complicated and reliable than qualitative analysis. 定

量测试比定性分析更为复杂和可靠。T

46.quantitative measurement can also serve as qualitative measurement in modern

chemical system. 定量测量也可作为现代化工系统的定性测量。T

47.the fast-screening phase in testing banned substances requires quantitative

analysis. 检测禁用物质的快速筛选阶段需要定量分析。F

48.GC-MS is often employed in the last phase of quantification because of its

precision and sophistication. 气相色谱-质谱联用中常采用量化的最后阶段由于其精度和复杂性。F

49.many chemical reactions exhibit selectivity rather than specificity. 许多化学反应

表现出选择性,而不是特异性。T

50.the basic task for analytical chemistry is to identify and determine the quanity of

the substances. 分析化学的基本任务是识别和确定的物质的量。F

51.on December 15th,1820,the frist edition of the pharmacopoeia of the united

states was published in the senate chamber of the U.S. capitol building. 1820年12月15日,对美国药典第一版发表在美国首都大厦参议院。F

52.in 1888, the USP convention published the frist national formulary under the title

the national formulary of unofficial preparations (NF). 1888、USP大会发表第一国家处方集的标题官方准备国家处方集(NF)下。F

http://m.wendangku.net/doc/fee7d13b7c1cfad6195fa7d8.htmlP's president , and other members of the board of trustees as well as the

council of experts vote to elect the members of USP convention and they are responsible for the updating of , as needed,USP's constitution and by-laws. 美国总统和其他成员的董事会以及专家委员会投票选举美国药典公约成员,他们负责更新,根据需要,USP的宪法和法律。F

54.more than 350 stakeholder forums and project teams contribute to the

standards-setting activities of the council of experts. 350多个利益相关者论坛和项目团队为专家委员会的设置活动做出贡献。F

55.in the united states, the federal food , drug and cosmetic act(FD&C Act) defines

the term "official compendium" as the official USP , the official NF , the official homeopathic pharmacopeia of the united states , but the supplement to them are not included. 在美国,联邦食品,药品和化妆品法(FD&C Act)中定义“官方纲要”作为官方USP,官方的NF,美国官方顺势疗法药典,但他们补充不包括。F

56.the FD&C Act stipulates that the article different in strength ,quality , or purity

may still have same name if the difference is stated on the ariticle's label.

FD&C法案规定,文章不同的强度、质量或纯度仍可能如果差异是对本文的标签说明有相同的名字。T

57.as specified by the dietary supplement health and edducation act of 1994,the

USP-NF general chapter is regarded as the official compendia for dietary supplements. 如按1994的膳食补充剂健康与教育法规定的国家处方集总章,作为膳食补充剂的官方标准。F

58.if a practitioner writes a prescription for a compounded preparation that is

named in a USP-NF monograph , when tested,must conform to the stipulations of the monograph so named . 如果一个医生写的一个复合制剂,在USP-NF的专著,测试时命名的处方,必须符合规定的专著,所以命名。T

59.the pharmacopeia discussion croup's harmonious work makes it possible to

reduce manufacturers's burden of performing analytical procedures in different

ways , using different acceptance criteria. 药典讨论组的协调工作就有可能减少以不同的方式执行分析程序制造商的负担,使用不同的验收标准。T

60.WHO,as an observer of PDG ,harmonizes the three important

pharmacopeias:european, japanese, and united states pharmacopeias. WHO为PDG观察员,协调三个重要药典:欧洲,日本,和美国药典。F

61.in practice , doctors only prescribe to their patients the drugs approved by FDA as

safe and effctive. 在实践中,医生只开给病人通过FDA批准的药物安全性和有效性。F

62.in the package insert ,"not to be used in children , since clinical studise have been

insufficient to establish recommendations for its use " means the drug cannot be prescribed to children. 在包装,不能用于儿童,因为临床研究已不足以建立其使用”的建议意味着药物不能用于儿童。F

63.many drugs are used by clinicians in the treatment of conditions listed in the

package insert. 许多药物被用于在包装插入物的条件的治疗中使用的医生。F 64.the FDA cannot require a pharmaceutical firm to include a new use for the frug

product in the insert even if it has been clinically tested and found useful for a given problem partly because of the concern for the firm's economic condotion.

FDA要求制药公司不包括在插入弗鲁克产品的新用途即使它已在临床测试,发现一个给定的问题,部分是因为对公司的经济条件的关系。T

65.now it is generally recognized that a physician's failure to use drug approved as

effecte treatment for a specific disease can be construed as a malpractice. 现在人们普遍认为,医生不使用药物批准用于治疗特定疾病的影响可以解释为一种弊端。F

66.as suggested , a physician should be informed about the availability of the drug

from the package insert and his decision to use it or not to use it will be on rational base. 如建议,医生应告知有关的药物的可用性,从包装插入和决定使用它或不使用它将是在合理的基础。T

67.the purpose of the FDA control of the package insert is to absolve the physician

from responsibility for harm resulting t his patient , so the failure is to follow the recommendations in the package insert necessarily will render him legally culpable. 对包装食品及药物管理局控制的目的是免除医生从产生T病人损害责任,所以失败是按照说明书的建议,一定会使他在法律上有罪。F

68.the package insert should be viewed as a useful guide to the physician, with its

recommendations as an equal footing with other publications and research reports , but the physician's decision on therapy should be based on cumulative knowledge derived from many sources. 该软件包应该被看作是一个有用的指南,医生,其建议与其他出版物和研究报告的平等地位,但医生的决定,治疗应根据来自许多来源的累积知识。T

69.the pediatrician's ignorance of the "orphan clause" in the insert and his judgment

that his patient requires a particular medication for optimal treatment will places him in unusual legel jeopardy. 在插入和他的判断,他的病人需要最佳治疗一个特殊的药物会使他不寻常的法律危险的“孤儿”条款的儿科医生的无知。F 70.only when the programs in pediatric clinical pharmacology developed to ensure

that all drugs used in infants and children are adequately tested for safety and

efficacy can the problem of "therapeutic orphans " be solved. 只有当在儿科临床药理学的程序开发,以确保所有的药物用于婴幼儿和儿童的安全性和有效性进行充分的测试,“治疗性的孤儿”的问题得到解决。T

71.as the principal consumer protection agency of the federal government , FDA has

the closest connection with every day living of american people. 作为联邦政府的主要消费者保护机构,食品药品管理局与美国人民的日常生活联系最为密切。

72.most people seldom doubt on the truth of the label put on the food or medicine

they buy from a grocery or drug store. 大多数人对标签的真实性很不表示怀疑,他们从食品或药品店买的食品或药品。

73.the production of lipsticks and eyeliners are beyond FDA's regulatory jurisdiction.

口红、眼线笔生产超出了FDA的监管权。

74.in a word , all products relating to eat must be regulated by FDA. 一句话,所有与

食物有关的产品必须由美国食品药品管理局规定。

75.drugs for animals are also regulated by FDA while tobacco is not . 对动物的药物

也被美国食品药品管理局规定,而烟草则不。

76.FDA's responsibilities and activities include making response to requests for

information concerned. 食品药品管理局的职责和活动包括对有关信息的要求作出回应。

77.regulatory enforcement is a must in achieving compliance. 监管执法是必须在

实现合规性。

78.to rely solely on the approach of supervision and monitoring combined with

various enforcement measures is clearly out of question. 要完全依靠监督和监督相结合的办法,各种执法措施显然是不可能的。

79.adherence to traffic regulations and payment of income taxes are achieved

mainly through voluntary compliance by the general public. 遵守交通法规和缴纳所得税主要是通过公众自愿遵守的。

80.a top person in FDA with education oriented mind would expect to adpot policies

that are persuasive toward voluntary compliance. 在FDA的教育导向上的人会采取的政策,对自愿遵守的说服力。

相关推荐
相关主题
热门推荐