四六级翻译词汇总汇

总需求aggregate demand

总供给aggregate supply

企业文化corporate/entrepreneurial culture

企业形象corporate image (Cl); enterprise image

跨国公司cross-national corporation

创业精神enterprising spirit; pioneering spirit

外资企业foreign-funded enterprise

猎头公司head-hunter

假日经济holiday economy

人力资本human capital

航空和航天工业aerospace industry

飞机制造工业aircraft industry

电子工业electronic industry

汽车制造工业car industry

娱乐业entertainment industry

信息产业information industry

知识密集型产业knowledge-intensive industry

国有大中型企业large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises 轻工业light industry

博彩业lottery industry

制造业manufacturing industry

垄断行业monopoly industries

市场多元化market diversification

市场经济market economy

市场监管market supervision

购买力purchasing power

熊市bear market

牛市bull market

城镇化urbanization

房地产real estate

首付down-payment

业主home owner

个人购房贷款individual housing loan

经济全球化economic globalization

经济特区special economic zones (SEZ)

经济增长economic growth

泡沫经济bubble economy

关税tariff

纳税人tax payer

宏观经济macro economy

货币投放量the size of money supply

流动性过剩excess liquidity

经济过热overheated economy

通货膨胀inflation

抑制通货膨胀curb inflation

注入流动性to inject liquidity

贴现率discount rate

存款准备金率reserve requirement ratio (RRR)

公开市场业务open market operation (OMO)

逆回购reverse repurchase agreement; reverse repo

引导降低市场借贷成本

to guide the market borrowing costs to a lower level

稳健的货币政策prudent monetary policy

微调货币政策to fine-tune monetary policy

硬着陆hard landing

软着陆soft landing

二十国集团Group of Twenty (G2O)

财政部长Finance Minister

全年预期经济增长目标the expected growth target for the whole year 经济活力economic vitality

大规模经济刺激计划 a massive economic stimulus package

结构改革structural reform

硬资产hard assets

软资产soft assets

有形资产tangible assets

经济走廊economic corridor

整顿市场秩序to rectify the market order

反垄断antitrust; anti-monopoly

定价浮动price fluctuations

谋求利益最大化to maximize profit

债务审计audit of debt

地方性政府债务local government debt/liability

公共财政体制改革an overhaul of the public finance system

财务管理debt management

信用支持credit support

英语六级段落翻译常用词汇:中国社会

多元文化论cultural pluralism

文化适应acculturation

社会保障social security

班车shuttle bus

相定迁户 a relocated unit or household

大龄青年single youth above the normal matrimonial age

独生子女the only child in a family

单亲single parent

福利彩票welfare lotteries

家政服务household management service

民工migrant laborers

名人celebrity

农村剩余劳动力surplus rural labor/laborers

青春期puberty

全民健身运动nationwide fitness campaign

全国人口普查nationwide census

社会保险social insurance

暂住证temporary residence permit/card

青少年犯罪juvenile delinquency

性骚扰sexual harassment

走私smuggling

性别歧视gender/sexual discrimination

年龄歧视age discrimination

工作歧视job discrimination

享乐主义hedonism

文盲illiteracy

贫富分化disparity between the rich and the poor

盗版pirated/illegal copies

一国两制One Country, Two Systems

三个代表the Three Represents Theory

两会(人大、政协)Two Conferences (NPC and CPPCC)

南南合作South-South Cooperation

南北对话North-South Dialog

人大常委会People’s Congress Standing Committee

法制观念awareness of law

法制国家 a country with an adequate legal system

改革开放reform and opening-up

公务员civil servants

官僚主义作风the bureaucratic style of work

和谐并存harmonious coexistence

计划生育family planning

计划生育基本国策the basic state policy of family planning 4 青才申文明建设the construction of spiritual civilization

居委会neighborhood committee

科教兴国national rejuvenation through science and education

可持续发展sustainable development

廉洁高效honesty and high efficiency

两岸关系cross-straits relations

两岸谈判cross-straits negotiations

领土完整territorial integrity

民族精神national spirit

普选制general election system

求同存异seek common ground while shelving differences

人大代表NPC member

物质文明和精神文明material and spiritual civilization

小康社会 a well-off society

小康水平 a well-off standard

一个中国原则the one-China principle

与时俱进keep pace with the times

综合国力overall national strength

共同愿望common desire

“走出去”(战略)going global

不结盟non-alignment

单边主义unilateralism

多边政策multilateralism

多极世界multipolar world

人口老龄化aging of population

人口出生率birth rate

社区服务community service

道德法庭court of ethics

盗用公款embezzlement

成人夜校night school for adults

在职进修班on-job training courses

政治思想教育political and ideological education

毕业生分酉己graduate placement; assignment of graduate

充电update one’s knowledge

初等教育elementary education

大学城college town

大学社区college community

高等教育higher education

高等教育“211 工程”the “211 Project”for higher education 高等学府institution of higher education

综合性大学comprehensive university

文科院校colleges of (liberal) arts

理工科大学college / university of science and engineering

师范学院teachers’college; normal college

高分低能high scores and low abilities

高考(university/college) entrance examination

高校扩招the college expansion plan

教育界education circle

教育投入input in education

九年义务教育nine-year compulsory education

考研take the entrance exams for postgraduate schools

课外活动extracurricular activities

必修课required/compulsory course

选修课elective/optional course

基础课basic courses

专业课specialized courses

课程表school schedule

教学大纲teaching program; syllabus

学习年限period of schooling

学历record of formal schooling

学分 credit

启发式教学heuristic teaching

人才交流talent exchange

人才战competition for talented people

商务英语证书Business English Certificate (BEC)

适龄儿重入学率enrollment rate for children of school age

升学率

proportion of students entering schools of a higher grade enrollment rate

英语六级段落翻译常用词汇:中国历史与文化

京剧Peking opera

秦腔Qin opera

功夫Kungfo

太极Tai Chi

口技ventriloquism

木偶戏puppet show

皮影戏shadowplay

折子戏opera highlights

杂技acrobatics

相声witty dialogue comedy

刺绣embroidery

苏绣Suzhou embroidery

泥人clay figure

书法calligraphy

中国画traditional Chinese painting

水墨画Chinese brush painting

中国结Chinese knot

中国古代四大发明the four great inventions of ancient China

火药gunpowder

印刷术printing

造纸术paper-making

指南针the compass

青铜器bronze ware

瓷器porcelain; china

唐三彩tri-color glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty

景泰蓝cloisonne

秋千swing

武术martial arts

儒家思想Confucianism

儒家文化Confucian culture

道教Taoism

墨家Mohism

法家Legalism

佛教Buddhism

孔子Confucius

孟子Mencius

老子Lao Tzu

庄子Chuang Tzu

墨子Mo Tzu

孙子Sun Tzu

象形文字pictographic characters

文房四宝(笔墨纸观

the Four Treasures of the Study (brush, ink stick, paper, and ink s tone)

《大学》The Great Learning

《中庸》The Doctrine of the Mean

《论语》The Analects of Confucius

《孟子》The Mencius

《孙子兵法》The Art of War

《三国演义》Three Kingdoms

《西游爷己》Journey to the West

《红楼梦》Dream of the Red Mansions

《水浒传》Heroes of the Marshes

《山海经》The Classic of Mountains and Rivers

《资治通鉴》History as a Mirror

《春秋》The Spring and Autumn Annals

《史记》Historical Records

《诗经》The Book of Songs

《易经》The I Ching; The Book of Changes

《礼记》The Book of Rites

《三字经》Three-character Scriptures

八股文eight-part essay

五言绝句five-character quatrain

七言律诗seven-character octave

旗袍cheongsam

中山装Chinese tunic suit

唐装Tang suit

风水Fengshui; geomantic omen

阳历Solar calendar

阴历Lunar calendar

闰年leap year

十二生肖zodiac

春节the Spring Festival

元宵节the Lantern Festival

清明节the Tomb-sweeping Day

端午节the Dragon-boat Festival

中秋节the Mid-autumn Day

重阳节the Double-ninth Day

七夕节the Double-seventh Day

春联spring couplets

庙会temple fair

爆竹firecracker

年画(traditional) New Year pictures

压岁钱New Year gift-money

舞龙dragon dance

元宵sweet sticky rice dumplings

花灯festival lantern

灯谜lantern riddle

舞狮lion dance

踩高跷stilt walking

赛龙舟dragon boat race

胡同hutong

山东菜Shandong cuisine

川菜Sichuan cuisine

粤菜Canton cuisine

扬州菜Yangzhou cuisine

月饼moon cake

年糕rice cake

油条deep-fried dough sticks

豆浆soybean milk

馒头steamed buns

花卷steamed twisted rolls

包子steamed stuffed buns

北京烤鸭Beijing roast duck

拉面hand-stretched noodles

馄饨wonton (dumplings in soup)

豆腐tofu? bean curd

麻花fried dough twist

烧饼clay oven rolls

皮蛋100-year egg; century egg

蛋炒饭fried rice with egg

糖葫芦tomatoes on sticks

火锅hot pot

长城the Great Wall of China

烽火台beacon tower

秦士台皇陵the Mausoleum of Emperor Qinshihuang 兵马俑Terracotta Warriors and Horses

大雁塔Big Wild Goose Pagoda

丝绸之路the Silk Road

敦煌莫高窟Mogao Grottoes

华清池Huaqing Hot Springs

五台山"Wutai Mountain

九华山Jiuhua Mountain

蛾眉山Mount Emei

泰山Mount Tai

黄山Mount Huangshan; the Yellow Mountain

故宫the Imperial Palace

天坛the Temple of Heaven

午门Meridian Gate

大运河Grand Canal

护城河the Moat

回音壁Echo Wall

居庸关Juyongguan Pass

九龙壁the Nine Dragon Wall

黄帝陵the Mausoleum of Emperor Huangdi

十三陵the Ming Tombs

苏州园林Suzhou gardens

西湖West Lake

九寨沟Jiuzhaigou Valley

日月潭Sun Moon Lake

布达拉宫Potala Palace

鼓楼drum tower

四合院quadrangle; courtyard complex

孔庙Confucius Temple

乐山大佛Leshan Giant Buddha

十八罗汉the Eighteen Disciples of the Buddha 喇嘛Lama

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