英语s发音规则

s发/s/的读音规则

一、s在词首时,除了sugar,sure以及sh组合发/?/以外,其余一般发/s/。例:

surface,serve,seven,six,some,sign

比较:design/di'zain/

一般前缀,合成词不影响其读音。s仍读成/s/。例:

unsafe,unsatisfactory,roadside,teaspoon,snowstorm

二、两个s在词尾时读作/s/。例:

grass,glass,address,press,success,pass,miss,stress,across,swiss, progress,process,kiss

三、词尾s在u后读作/s/。例:

bus,us,minus,abacus,plus,status,virus

四、在sis组合的弱读中,两个s都读作/s/。例:

emphasis,analysis,thesis,crisis

emphasise, emphasize, analyse/ analyze, criticise/criticize (criticism n.)

五、s在字母c前常读作/s/。例:

muscle,discipline,science

六、s在某些前后缀中读作/s/。

1.在前缀mis-,dis-中,s读作/s/。例:

mismanage,misjudge,misbelieve,disorder,disobey

2.在后缀-sive,sity,-self,-some,-sy中,s读作/s/。例:

expensive,intensive,decisive, yourself,handsome,troublesome,tiresome,quarrelsome

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